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We Review the Best of the Latest Books

ISSN 1934-6557

April 2010 Issue #132

Contents:

Get Connected: The Social Networking Toolkit for Business by Starr Hall and Chadd Rosenberg (Entrepreneur Press)

Sport Club Management by Matthew J. Robinson (Human Kinetics)

Overlay Networks: Toward Information Networking by Sasu Tarkoma (Auerbach Publications, CRC Press)

Against the Odds: Insights from One District's Small School Reform by Larry Cuban, Gary Lichtenstein, Arthur Evenchik, and Martin Tombari (Harvard Education Press)

Beethoven's Tempest Sonata: Perspectives of Analysis and Performance edited by Pieter Berg, co-edited by Jeroen D'hoe & William E. Caplin (Analysis in Context. Leuven Studies in Musicology Series: Peeters)

The Complete Practical Encyclopedia of Fitness Training: Body-Shape, Stamina, Power by Andrew Wadsworth (Lorenz Books)

Forensic Psychology by Jack Kitaeff (Prentice Hall)

Techniques of Hypnotic Induction by George Gafner (Crown House Publishing)

Mindsight: The New Science of Personal Transformation by Daniel J. Siegel (Bantam)

Becoming Normal: An Ever-Changing Perspective by Mark Edick (Central Recovery Press)

Tattoos on the Heart: The Power of Boundless Compassion by Gregory Boyle (Free Press)

Army Life: From a Soldiers Journal: Incidents, Sketches and Record of a Union Soldiers Army Life, in Camp and Field. 1861-64 by A. O. Marshall, edited by Robert G. Schultz, with series editors T. Michael Parrish and Daniel E. Sutherland (The Civil War in the West Series: The University of Arkansas Press)

A Nation Forged in War: How World War II Taught Americans to Get Along by Thomas A. Bruscino, series editor G. Kurt Piehler (Legacies of War Series: The University of Tennessee Press)

Jack the Ripper's Secret Confession: The Hidden Testimony of Britain's First Serial Killer by David Monaghan and Nigel Cawthorne (Skyhorse Publishing)

Design Art Deco Quilts: Mix & Match Simple Geometric Shapes by Don Linn (C&T Publishing)

Cottages in the Sun: Bungalows of Venice, California by Margaret Bach, with photography by Melba Levick (Rizzoli International Publications)

Storytelling and Drama: Exploring Narrative Episodes in Plays by Hugo Bowles, with series editors Sonia Zyngier and Willie van Peer (Linguistic Approaches to Literature Series, Volume 8: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Losing Charlotte: A Novel by Heather Clay (Alfred A. Knopf)

Defining Conservatism: The Principles That Will Bring Our Country Back by Jonathan Krohn, with a foreword by William Bennett (Vanguard Press)

Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens, 3rd Edition by Gail Damerow (Storey Publishing)

Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed: Secrets, Opportunities, and Success! by Ursula Furi-Perry (Jist Works)

We Believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church edited by Angelo Di Berardino, series editor Thomas C. Oden (Ancient Christian Doctrine Series, Volume 5: IVP Academic)

Thea's Song: The Life of Thea Bowman by Charlene Smith and John Feister (Orbis Books)

Religious Origins of Nations?: The Christian Communities of the Middle East edited by Bas ter Haar Romeny (Brill)

What Does It Mean to Be Human? by Richard Potts and Christopher Sloan (National Geographic)

Spectrum Management for Science in the 21st Century by the Committee on Scientific Use of the Radio Spectrum, Committee on Radio Frequencies, and National Research Council of the National Academies (The National Academies Press)

Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication edited by Margaret N. Hundleby and Jo Allen, series editor Charles H. Sides (Technical Communications Series: Baywood Publishing Company)

 I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine: Tales of Kids in Adult Lockup by David Chura (Beacon Press)

Jane's Fame: How Jane Austen Conquered the World by Claire Harman (Henry Holt and Company) 

Business & Economics / Computers & Internet / Skills / Entrepreneurship

Get Connected: The Social Networking Toolkit for Business by Starr Hall and Chadd Rosenberg (Entrepreneur Press)

What it takes to grow a business in today's environment. Online marketing and social networking are proving to be the most efficient ways to reach and connect with current and new customers, sometimes into the millions. Social networking sites may come and go, but the online arena and conversations are here to stay, as they continue to evolve into better, bigger, and more user-friendly tools to grow a business.

Social media pros Starr Hall and Chadd Rosenberg in Get Connected take readers behind the scenes of today's hottest social networks and help them uncover the best social sites for their business. Hall, founder of 2 Point Media LLC, is currently CEO of Starr Hall Inc., and Rosenberg, new media specialist and audio engineer, is founder of New World of Media. Using simple steps and solutions, readers learn how to set up an attractive company profile, reach and engage their target market, develop stronger relationships with their current clientele, enhance their reputation, and become recognized experts in their industry.

Starr says the difference between a company that succeeds online and one that doesn't is whether managers and business owners understand how to use new media tools efficiently. Although the World Wide Web is evolving daily and new social networking sites come and go, the importance of joining the conversation and incorporating this strategy into marketing plans now is crucial to the long-term success of any business.

Get Connected is a step-by-step and reference guide to get readers up and running with social networking; it may save them contracts and triple their e-mail lists in a matter of months. The book covers the top 20 social network sites. Readers learn how to:

  • Identify the best social-site matches for their business.
  • Brand their online profile using customizing features.
  • Develop content that increases their search engine exposure.
  • Practice techniques to engage and attract quality customers.
  • Use unique strategies to maintain and improve their company's reputation.
  • Incorporate social media marketing and advertising opportunities into future business plans.
  • Gain social networking success tips, insights, and techniques from practicing small businesses.

The key to action is being persistent. It takes time to build in-person relationships and business, the same applies online. The difference is readers can access more people, faster and hone in on their actual ideal client and or target market. Readers should treat their online connections just as they would in-person ones. The only difference is the basic understanding of each online community and the fact that they can speak to hundreds, thousands, even millions of people at a time through social networking.

Starr recommends readers try not to get overwhelmed with all of the information in Get Connected they should just take in what makes sense and go at their own pace. And they should train their entire team in social networking because it will be vital in the years to come in growing their business.

Starr Hall is single handedly changing the worlds conversation around social networking. From her insightful observations about the nature of these online communities to her practical, easy-to-manage strategies on how to use social networks to grow your business and get more clients nobody has their finger on the pulse of this marketing tool like Starr Hall. If youre in business today, you simply must have this innovative guide to turning social media into one of your most lucrative marketing venues. Jane Deuber, bestselling author, Consultant and President of Profit Partners Consulting

Hall and sidekick Rosenberg get into the nuts and bolts here with a fine primer. Their no-nonsense approach serves to make the confusing array of choices a bit more comprehensible and actionable for clueless newbies. They review the sites, provide case studies and offer opinions. It's a very good approach and their book might be the perfect one for small businesses and practices that have limited resources and limitless ambitions. Richard Pachter, "Get Marketing Help with New Social Media Books," The Sacramento Bee

If readers use Get Connected as a reference and resource guide to help them along their social networking journey, they will increase their chances of achieving online branding success.

Business & Management / Sports / Reference

Sport Club Management by Matthew J. Robinson (Human Kinetics)

In the past, the prerequisite for leading a sport club was having been either a successful player or a coach. In today's environment, such experience is not enough An all-volunteer organization is unlikely to be adequate for providing the desired services to its members. Meeting the responsibilities of club management requires a knowledge and understanding of sound business practices rather than coaching knowledge, and these responsibilities cannot be met in an organization staffed solely by volunteers.

The need for well-organized sport clubs and strong club leadership is greater than ever. In the past, sports in America have relied on the interscholastic environment to offer participation opportunities and to develop future players; but school budgets are being cut; sports are being dropped; and qualified coaches choose not to coach because of low pay, long hours, and under appreciation. The emerging reality is that sport clubs are often where children are introduced to sport and taught how to play a variety of games. Sport clubs also have a major influence on the development of elite athletes and foster a lifetime commitment to sport participation and a healthy lifestyle for the well-being of both individuals and society.

So sport clubs are firmly established and play an important role in the development of athletes. But few resources are available for those responsible for organizing, developing, and managing club sports. Sport Club Management provides administrators, managers, and coaches with the background and examples necessary for running a sport club by considering its unique demands. Author Matthew Robinson is associate professor and director of the sport management program at the University of Delaware and a member of the legal studies faculty, has a secondary appointment with the School of Education, and serves as director of the International Coaching Enrichment Certificate Program. Robinson also serves as director of management education for the National Soccer Coaches Association of America.

This resource breaks down the complex fundamentals of management for all club sports whether a multi-age-level program with an extensive budget or a local club with limited resources. Unlike most books written for sport club managers, this resource recognizes the responsibilities of leaders and administrators by extending beyond the coaching level. In addition to player development, the content focuses on successful business tactics as they relate to sport clubs, including how to meet the management, marketing, retention, communication, and administrative needs of the organization. Sport Club Management also provides advice on determining the organizational structure of the club, hiring effective leaders, understanding parental relationships, and facing legal and ethical issues. Every chapter in the book includes reader-friendly features that aid in comprehension:

  • Thought-provoking opening scenarios, revisited at the chapters end, invite readers to consider how they would respond to similar situations.
  • Successful Strategies sidebars discuss real-world examples of issues a club manager might face and how those issues were resolved.
  • Numerous reproducible sample forms make it easy for readers to implement new strategies based on the administrative needs of their own clubs.

Sport Club Management addresses issues ranging from developing more effective sponsorship proposals to developing a comprehensive facility assessment plan to writing clear job descriptions for employees. Drawing on his experiences within the club environment and his research in the area of sport management, Robinson includes theories, concepts, insights, and examples on how to manage a club so that it excels on the field and off. He also enlists professionals in the areas of player development, parent relations, club structure, and facility design to develop a comprehensive text on leading a sport club. Sport Club Management addresses the following:

  • Structuring a club (chapter 1). Should a club be structured as a nonprofit organization or a limited liability corporation?
  • Developing effective club leadership (chapter 2). What forms of power are best suited for an individual club manager's leadership style?
  • Practicing sound human resources strategies (chapter 3). What are the best questions to ask when interviewing a potential job candidate?
  • Appreciating the importance of parental relations (chapter 4). Why is parental involvement in a club so important?
  • Understanding the legal aspects of running a club (chapter 5). When is a club liable for the actions of its employees?
  • Using effective business and marketing strategies (chapter 6). How do club managers use the five Ps of sport marketing to market their clubs effectively?
  • Growing sponsorship and fund-raising opportunities (chapter 7). What are the benefits to a corporation from partnership with a club?
  • Developing facility design and management plans (chapter 8). Who should be included on a design team, and what is each person's role?
  • Implementing a long-term athlete development plan (chapter 9). What is the best strategy for developing a well-rounded athlete?
  • Practicing ethics in sport club management (chapter 10). To what ethical theory does a club adhere, and why is it important to hire people with the same ethics?

Sport Club Management offers perspectives on the future of club sports. Those who manage and lead clubs will find that they can develop a successful business plan without sacrificing their player development program or their club mission. In addition, they will gain the latest information on creating a distinctive club culture, organize their procedures, and encourage profitability by running the organization using a business mentality.

The book provides information and practical examples that are essential for ensuring the success of the club and ultimately the members of that club so that the club will continue to fulfill and expand its roles in offering participation opportunities, developing the talent of players, and growing the sport.

Sport Club Management expertly shows readers how to run a club in todays demanding, high-tech environment, filling a void of knowledge for those working in sport club management. Those who use this book will have at their disposal information that will enable them to develop, manage, and sustain highly organized, professional, and structured clubs. With this guide, leaders have the tools to develop and sustain organizations that are viable and financially successful and that satisfy the needs of athletes and those who support them.

Computers & Internet / Programming / Databases / Engineering

Overlay Networks: Toward Information Networking by Sasu Tarkoma (Auerbach Publications, CRC Press)

A recent Cisco traffic forecast indicates that annual global IP traffic will reach two-thirds of a zettabyte by 2013. With their ability to solve problems in massive information distribution and processing, while keeping scaling costs low, overlay systems represent a rapidly growing area of R&D with important implications for the evolution of Internet architecture.

A complete introduction to overlay networks, including what they are and what kind of structures they require, Overlay Networks discusses decentralized overlays, information routing and forwarding, security, and applications. The author, Sasu Tarkoma, full professor at the Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, covers the key structures, protocols, and algorithms used in overlay networks. It reviews the current state of the art in applications, decentralized overlays, security, information routing, and information forwarding. Based on Tarkomas course development, the book also examines:

  • The foundations of structured overlays.
  • Unstructured P2P overlay networks.
  • Graph-based algorithms for information dissemination and probabilistic algorithms.
  • Content-centric routing and a number of protocols and algorithms.
  • Security challenges of P2P and overlay technologies providing solutions for mitigating these risks.

Written by a scientist who is a university professor and a senior member of the Nokia research staff, this reference covers advanced issues concerning performance and scalability. It highlights recent developments and discusses specific algorithms, including BitTorrent, Coolstream, BitOs, Chord, Content Addressable Network, Content Delivery Networks, Overlay multicast, and Peer-to-Peer SIP.

According to Tarkoma, much of the current development pertaining to services and service delivery happens above the basic network layer and the TCP/IP protocol suite because of the need to be able to rapidly develop and deploy them. In recent years, various kinds of overlay networking technologies have emerged as an active area of research and development. Overlay systems, especially peer-to-peer systems, are technologies that can solve problems in massive information distribution and processing tasks.

Overlay Networks presents the state of the art in overlay technologies. After the introductory chapter that motivates overlay technology and outlines several application scenarios, the text starts with an overview of networking technology in Chapter 2. This chapter briefly examines the TCP/IP protocol suite and the basics of networking, such as naming, addressing, routing, and multicast. The chapter forms the basis for the following chapters, because typically TCP/IP is the underlay of the overlay networks and thus understanding its features and properties is vital to the development of efficient overlay solutions.

Chapter 3 discusses properties of networks, including the growth of the Internet, trends in networking, and how data can be modeled. Many of the overlay algorithms are based on the observation that networks exhibit power law degree distributions. This can then be used to create better routing algorithms. Chapter 4 examines a number of unstructured P2P overlay networks. Many of these solutions can be seen to be part of the first generation of P2P and overlay networks; however, they can be also combined with structured approaches to form hybrid solutions. Overlay Networks covers protocols, placing special emphasis on BitTorrent, because it has become the most frequently used P2P protocol.

Chapter 5 presents the foundations of structured overlays, considering various geometries and their properties that have been used to create DHTs. The chapter also presents consistent hashing, which is the basis for the scalability of many DHTs. After surveying the foundations and basic cluster-based solutions, the book examines a number of structured algorithms in Chapter 6. Structured overlay technologies place more assumptions on the way nodes are organized in the distributed environment. It analyzes algorithms such as the Plaxton's algorithm, Chord, Pastry, Tapestry, Kademlia, CAN, Viceroy, Skip Graphs, and others. The algorithms are based on differing structures, such as hypercubes, rings, tori, butterflies, and skip graphs. The chapter considers also some advanced issues, such as adding hierarchy to overlays.

Many P2P protocols and overlay networks utilize probabilistic techniques to reduce processing and networking costs. Chapter 7 presents a number of frequently used and useful probabilistic techniques. The chapter also examines epidemic algorithms and gossiping, which are also the foundation of a number of overlay solutions. Chapter 8 in Overlay Networks considers content-centric routing and examines a number of protocols and algorithms. Special emphasis is placed on distributed publish/subscribe, in which content is targeted to active subscribers.

Given the scalable and flexible distribution solutions enabled by P2P and overlay technologies, we are faced with the question of security risks. The authenticity of data and content needs to be ensured. Required levels of anonymity, availability, and access control also must be taken into account. Chapter 9 examines the security challenges of P2P and overlay technologies, and then outlines a number of solutions to mitigate the risks.

Chapter 10 considers applications of overlay technology. Amazon's Dynamo is considered as an example of an overlay system used in production environment that combines a number of advanced distributed computing techniques. The chapter also considers video-on-demand (VoD). Much of the expected IP traffic increase in the coming years will come from the delivery of video data in various forms. The remainder of the chapter examines P2P SIP for telecommunications signaling, and content distribution technologies.

Finally, Overlay Networks concludes with Chapter 11 and summarizes the current state of the art in overlay technology and future trends. The chapter outlines the main usage cases for P2P and overlay technologies for applications and services.

Complete with a number of frequently-used probabilistic techniques and projections, Overlay Networks provides the tools and understanding needed to create deployable solutions for processing and distributing the vast amounts of data that tomorrow's networks will demand. The volume is not only as an authoritative and forward-looking reference for overlay technologies, but can also serve as a textbook for courses in distributed overlay technologies and information networking at the graduate level.

Education / K-12

Against the Odds: Insights from One District's Small School Reform by Larry Cuban, Gary Lichtenstein, Arthur Evenchik, and Martin Tombari (Harvard Education Press)

Against the Odds offers an in-depth look at the Mapleton, Colorado, school districts transformation of two traditional high schools into seven small schools, each enrolling fewer than four hundred students. This account chronicles both the heartening successes and frequent frustrations of a district-wide embrace of the small school model.

Authors are Larry Cuban, Professor Emeritus of Education at Stanford University; Gary Lichtenstein, head of Quality Evaluation Designs (QED); Arthur Evenchik, assistant to the dean for special projects in the College of Arts and Sciences at Case Western Reserve University; Martin Tombari, senior research analyst at Colorado Foundation for Families and Children; and Kristen Pozzoboni, doctoral student at the University of Colorado.

Beginning in 2004, the Mapleton Public Schools in Colorado initiated a bold, district-wide reform by converting its traditional high school into several small schools. In early 2006, Superintendent Charlotte Ciancio approached co-author Lichtenstein of QED, about documenting the reform. The project would be funded by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Although Mapleton had proceeded skillfully with its reform, still, even in Mapleton, where it appeared that so much had been done right, challenges in some cases, significant challenges persisted. There was a lot to learn from looking closely at small school reform in Mapleton.

Against the Odds seeks to sidestep the hype of reform's most ardent proponents, on the one hand, and the doom-saying of its severest critics, on the other. The book documents the launching of a fundamental school reform, the promise of change, and its zigzag implementation in a small, urban, largely minority and low-income district near Denver. The Mapleton Public Schools struggled for nearly twenty years with declining test scores and graduation rates; by 2001, the district was one of the lowest-performing in the state. In response, a new superintendent spearheaded the conversion of Mapleton's comprehensive high school (and, eventually, of ten elementary and middle schools) into a network of small schools. The results of this transformation are simultaneously surprising, hopeful, uneven, and, in some instances, still uncertain.

Against the Odds focuses on the initial phase of the Mapleton reform: the creation of several small high schools. The story the coauthors tell is filled with successes, but also with mishaps and persistent dilemmas. In some respects, the circumstances in which the Mapleton reform occurred may appear singularly favorable. The school board was firmly and unanimously committed to improving the district's performance. It hired a homegrown superintendent and gave her carte blanche to implement a plan that would raise student achievement. The district had a $10 million budget surplus to fund the reform, as well as the promise of millions of dollars of support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Yet even with this fortuitous combination of luck and leadership, the district faced both predictable and unexpected obstacles in dismantling a comprehensive high school, revising nearly all of its standard operating procedures, and importing seven national school models within three years. Mapleton is one of more than four hundred small, urban school systems in the United States. Any of these districts, they believe, would have encountered similar dilemmas while trying to implement genuine, pervasive reform.

Against the Odds asks: What makes school reform so tough even in a small district of sixteen schools and roughly five thousand students? The short answer is that devising and implementing reforms in public schools, and securing the resources to fund those reforms, is a political process open to many stakeholders who have strong value differences about what ought to happen in schools and classrooms. These differences in strongly held values produce the tensions and dilemmas that accompany reforms, including those aimed at creating small schools.

Putting new policies into practice in schools and classrooms whether those policies are formulated by the president and Congress, a state legislature, a local school board, or a city mayor is a far more complex, fragile, and tricky process than most observers expect. It is a process that mocks, rather than mimics, the chain-of-command structure so neatly articulated in district and state organizational charts.

Chapter 1 sets the Mapleton experience in a national context, examining the growth of standards-based reform since the mid-1980s and the expansion of the small high school movement in the past decade. They describe how these two approaches to school improvement converged in Mapleton. Chapters 2 and 3 sketch out early efforts by a string of superintendents to improve Mapleton's one comprehensive high school. They describe how district leaders chose small school models, hired teachers and principals, and restructured district administration. Chapter 4 documents teachers' and students' perspectives on the new small high schools. In particular, they describe efforts to move from teacher-centered to student-centered instruction in Mapleton classrooms. Chapter 5 asks the question: is the reform working? Here they look at test scores and other indicators, many of which discouraged district leaders in the early years of the reform and prompted them to make midcourse corrections. Finally, chapter 6 summarizes the challenges involved in sustaining the reform as well as the lessons that other districts can draw from Mapleton's experience in creating a system of small schools.

An incredible account that I wish I had read thirty-five years ago. Deborah Meier, author, The Power of Their Ideas: Lessons for America from a Small School in Harlem
Cuban and team get away from the old small versus big debate and into the real transformation puzzles. Its all there struggle, resistance, leadership issues, the muscle foundations, parents, and community engagement. Against the Odds is a great resource for the small schools movement. Mike Klonsky, director, The Small Schools Workshop
This is my kind of book. Instead of sifting the stats and talking to experts about general trends, the authors have gone deep into one school district and told an exciting story. Jay Mathews, education columnist, Washington Post

Against the Odds is an even-handed examination of the issues that arise when a district shifts to small schools. It tempers the sometimes overzealous claims and expectations of small school advocates, and provides a thoughtful ground on which to build reforms that would avoid common obstacles and anticipate inevitable ones. Other districts can benefit from seeing how Mapleton reconfigured its policies and procedures to make small schools a reality.

Entertainment / Music / Classical

Beethoven's Tempest Sonata: Perspectives of Analysis and Performance edited by Pieter Berg, co-edited by Jeroen D'hoe & William E. Caplin (Analysis in Context. Leuven Studies in Musicology Series: Peeters)

For music analysts and performers alike, Beethoven's famous Tempest sonata (1802) Piano Sonata in D minor, Op. 31/2 represents one of the most challenging pieces of the classical and early romantic piano repertoire. Beethoven's Tempest Sonata is a collection of eleven analyses. Each essay deals with this sonata from a different analytical perspective and investigating the possible connections between music analysis and the practice of performance. Under the editorship of Pieter Berge, Jeroen D'hoe and William E. Caplin, Beethoven's Tempest Sonata presents essays by Scott Burnham (hermeneutics), Poundie Burstein (Schenkerian approach), Kenneth Hamilton (history of performance), Robert Hatten (semiotics), James Hepokoski (sonata theory), William Kinderman (source studies), William Rothstein (tempo, rhythm, and meter), Douglas Seaton (narratology), Steven Vande Moortele (20th-century Formenlehre) and the editors themselves (motivic analysis and form-functional approach respectively).

The collection was initially generated by two conceptual considerations and only thereafter by a special interest in Beethoven's masterpiece. The first of these considerations involves interrelating different music-analytical approaches. The collection was conceived in the belief that any one perspective falls short of unveiling the full complexity of a great composition. Rather than entering into unproductive debates over the putative superiority of one analytical method over another, this book seeks to bring different analyses together in their own right. This would seem to be an effective way of generating a context in which the analytical understanding of a piece can approach the inherent complexity of the music itself. Beethoven's Tempest Sonatas fundamental assumption that analytical multiplicity is necessary for the understanding of music is grounded in the notion that any theory must be considered as a whole, and it is only as such that any one theory may be brought into perspective with other theories.

Tackling the issue of integration from a different angle, the second conceptual consideration involves bridging the gap between music analysis and performance practice (or between `music analysts' and `performing musicians'). All contributors were invited not only to present an analytical interpretation, but also to investigate the extent to which their insights could be of interest to performers. Many of the authors found this request to be particularly challenging and expressed some reluctance to fulfill it not because they had nothing to say about performance, but rather because they were afraid that performers might misinterpret their remarks as recommendations or even as prescriptions. Despite some initial reluctance, the challenge ultimately proved fruitful, and it inspired the contributors to re-evaluate their interpretations from novel angles, to reconsider earlier readings of the piece, to re-orient their approaches toward more practice-related aspects, and even to raise fundamental questions of how the potentiality of the score and the actual performance of the score can relate to each other. Berg admits in the introduction that the two fundamental objectives of Beethoven's Tempest Sonata are not ground-breaking in themselves. As far as the interrelationships among music-analytical approaches is concerned, there is today an increasing willingness to allow space for bringing together differing analytical voices. As for bridging the gap between analysis and performance, a significant evolution has taken place in the past twenty-five years. Today, many a theorist still tends to avoid performance-related considerations, but this has not prevented the issue from being investigated in recent years with increasing vigor. In both cases, however, the aforementioned problem of `prescriptivism' remains a point of concern.

In order to realize the two basic goals of Beethoven's Tempest Sonata, the editors decided to concentrate on a single composition. The choice of Beethoven's Tempest sonata was rather obvious, and for several reasons. First, the piece's well-known role in Beethoven's oft-quoted intention to embark on a `new path' around 1802 grants the work an important place in music history. The very fact that the piece is related so explicitly to the composer's breakthrough to 'romanticism' has caused it to attract significant scholarly interest for almost two centuries.

The Tempest sonata was also chosen because it is one of Beethoven's most frequently performed and most beloved piano works. Given the second of the volume's fundamental considerations in particular, the selection of a familiar and well-appreciated work seemed the most logical way to excite the interest of performers. The Tempest thus offered a meeting-point for the intellectual and emotional engagement of music analysts and musicians alike, and a nexus for the growth of an unprejudiced exchange of thought between them.

Each essay in Beethoven's Tempest Sonata is presented as a completely self-sufficient contribution, standing on its own and perfectly comprehensible without any further contextualization. All contributors follow the same basic tripartite scheme: first, to give a short account of the theoretical framework in which they operate, referring to significant predecessors within the relevant domain or introducing necessary basic concepts; second, to present their own analytical interpretation, usually in dialogue with earlier (mostly well-known) readings; and third, to deal with the issue of performance. Some of the essays maintain a strict separation between the central (analytical) and final (performance-related) parts, whereas others interweave the two topics. In all cases, however, the authors dealt with the issue of performance by expanding their analytical horizons and re-assessing their pre-existent analytical assumptions.

The first essay in Beethoven's Tempest Sonata, by Berg and Jeroen D'hoe, investigates the motivic structure of the sonata's first movement. The authors distinguish between explicit and implicit motives (melodic, harmonic and rhythmic) and also reconsider Dahlhaus's interpretation of the so-called `underlying idea' from a motivic perspective. Their analysis of how the various permutations of individual motives are connected leads to a consideration of how these connections may be made explicit in performance. Adopting a hermeneutical standpoint, Scott Burnham (essay no. 2) considers the sonata primarily as a `characteristic' piece, a `cogent series of dramatic events'. In dialogue with nineteenth- and twentieth-century Beethoven scholars, he investigates how purely musical techniques can generate extra-musical meaning and how performers can benefit from that intrinsic potential. A Schenkerian methodology allows Poundie Burstein (in essay no. 3) to demonstrate how the voice-leading of the work is organized on different hierarchical levels. The implicit relatedness of these levels suggests performative possibilities that emphasize musical coherence. William E. Caplin's essay (no. 4) provides a practical application of his `theory of formal functions'. His analysis demonstrates how musical form is generated by a succession of individual formal functions that express specific temporal identities on different structural levels. He concludes with some broad principles by which a performer can articulate formal temporality. In contrast to all other contributions, Kenneth Hamilton's approach in essay no. 5 is not purely `theoretical'. Instead, the author delivers a detailed survey of performance practices from the premiere of the sonata onwards. Insofar as these practices bear some serious implications on current analytical interpretations, the inclusion of a `historical' chapter in a largely `theoretical' volume is not only justified but even indispensable. In the sixth essay Robert Hatten's semiotic reading of the piece reveals how stylistic types, such as `topics' and `gestures', function within the sonata. The author thereby distinguishes between 'structuralist' and `hermeneutic' interpretative levels. In the former, he is mainly concerned with identifying those general types that have stable correlations of meaning in a given style, whereas in the latter he envisages their `contextual', and ultimately `creative', interpretation. Like Caplin, James Hepokoski (in essay no. 7) applies a theoretical model of musical form 'sonata theory' to the first movement of the work. His well-considered, highly detailed analysis aims to unveil the movement's unique identity by examining it in a `dialogical' context. Differences between Beethoven's concept draft of the first movement in the well-known Kessler sketchbook and the final version of the piece lead William Kinderman (in essay no. 8) to suggest that an awareness of underlying generative processes may shed important light on how the composer himself conceived his music. Tempo, rhythm, and above all meter are the central topics of William Rothstein's analysis in essay no. 9. Through consideration of the music's metric and hypermetric organization, and through durational reductions of the music's outer parts, he reveals that superficial contrasts are based on more implicit principles of coherence. In essay no. 10 Douglass Seaton discusses the sonata's narratological potential. Seaton rejects a superficial programmatic interpretation in favor of an approach that tries to understand the music as a `plot' that is driven at least partially by a `voice' or `narrative persona'. The final essay, by Steven Vande Moortele, reassesses some of the most influential interpretations of the formal ambiguities in the sonata's first movement. His reevaluation, focusing in particular on the tradition of twentieth-century Formenlehre, suggests ways to express those ambiguities in performance.

The contributors to Beethoven's Tempest Sonata have made their essays as accessible as possible for a readership that is not primarily attuned to theoretical matters, but that does not change the fact that `the act of reading' is simply not the prevailing mode of communication among performers. Theorists who are interested in introducing analytical ideas into the area of musical performance must still reflect on how best to adapt their methodologies to the prevailing pedagogical and communicative strategies of that domain, not an easy task. In Beethoven's Tempest Sonata, such an enterprise has not yet been undertaken, but the book delivers a multitude of considerations that may help to pave that way.

Health, Mind & Body / Exercise & Fitness / Reference

The Complete Practical Encyclopedia of Fitness Training: Body-Shape, Stamina, Power by Andrew Wadsworth (Lorenz Books)

The benefits of personal health and fitness have been shown to include fat loss, increased muscular strength and a more efficient circulatory system, as well as improved wellbeing in all areas of everyday life. Getting fitter and stronger is also about learning to exercise safely. But going to the gym and jumping on the treadmill will not necessarily give readers the results they want from an exercise regime.

The Complete Practical Encyclopedia of Fitness Training is a do-it-yourself guide to exercising for fitness, strength, weight loss and flexibility, with expert training tips and advice on health, safety, essential equipment, goals and motivation. The book provides step-by-step instruction shown in more that 700 photographs.

Written by Andy Wadsworth, director of My Life Personal Training, a former world-class athlete with a degree in Sport and Human Movements, it includes information readers need to know about strength and fitness training in the gym and at home, from planning workouts to improving technique. The book includes detailed information on getting started, setting goals, cardiovascular training, resistance training, core strength, suppleness, avoiding and dealing with injuries, and nutrition.

This guide explains how to assess how fit one is and how to set goals that will help readers get the most from their workouts. The main part of The Complete Practical Encyclopedia of Fitness Training focuses on how to improve the strength and efficiency of the cardiovascular system through all the most popular exercises, from basic walking, through running and cycling, to swimming and boxercise. Readers learn how to strengthen the body and develop the core muscle groups with the best and most effective resistance training exercises, using dumbbells and fixed weight machines, both at home and in the gym. There are chapters on maintaining flexibility and avoiding injury, and information about the right nutrition for successful workouts and for a more active, healthier lifestyle. With personal training plans, readers can tailor their exercise regime to their own goals whatever their age, whether they want to lose weight, run a marathon, be toned for their wedding day, de-stress or simply become fitter and healthier.

The Complete Practical Encyclopedia of Fitness Training gives readers an understanding of which exercises will help them achieve their goals, with detailed descriptions of how and when to do them so that they can be confident that they are exercising correctly. To achieve fast, effective, long-lasting results they will need variation in their training. Each exercise lists the muscles used so readers can determine which part of the body is being exercised, giving them the chance to change their exercises and challenge their body to promote better results.

Exercise is not just about sweating buckets in the gym. Core stability and flexibility training are just as important to prevent injury and give readers the strength to train harder, push big weights, run marathons or cope with the demands of everyday life.

With over 700 clear and inspiring photographs, The Complete Practical Encyclopedia of Fitness Training, comprehensive and practical, shows readers how to incorporate activity into their everyday schedule. It is the ultimate do-it-yourself guide with expert and easy-to-follow advice.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling

Forensic Psychology by Jack Kitaeff (Prentice Hall)

Forensic psychology has grown rapidly in the last 30 years, even more so in the last 10, and that it has compartmentalized into clinical forensic practice, experimental research, and psychology and the law. To complicate matters even further, various areas within psychology can be subsumed within forensic psychology, and none are exclusively dominant. Some of these include clinical, counseling, developmental, social, cognitive, and neuropsychology.

Forensic Psychology covers both psychological and legal principles of forensic Psychology, and demonstrating their connections through case law and clinical examples. Author Jack Kitaeff, Ph.D., J.D. is a licensed clinical psychologist in the Commonwealth of Virginia, adjunct professor of psychology with the University of Maryland, University College and consulting police psychologist for numerous law enforcement agencies in the northern Virginia area. First Kitaeff reviews the fields history, and the roles, responsibilities, and obligations of practitioners. Next, he addresses criminological aspects of forensic psychology, examining theories of aggression and violent crime; non-violent crimes; and topics ranging from serial killing to terrorism. He reviews forensic psychologists roles in law enforcement and the U.S. criminal justice system, and covers crucial issues such as repressed memories, novel syndromes, the workplace, children, families, and treatment.

Forensic Psychology defines forensic psychology as the application of the science and profession of psychology to questions and issues related to law and the legal system. Today forensic refers to the application of scientific principles and practices to the legal system. Indeed, forensic psychologists are perhaps best known for their assessment of persons involved with the legal system. Because of their knowledge of human behavior, abnormal psychology, and psychological assessment, forensic psychologists (specifically clinical forensic psychologists as they are sometimes called) are well suited to perform court-ordered evaluations and provide an expert opinion, either in the form of a psychological report or verbal testimony. These could include offering the court information regarding whether a defendant can understand the charges against him/her and comprehend the judicial process, (i.e., whether the defendant is incompetent to stand trial), whether the defendant was insane when the relevant crime was committed, and whether treatment or punishment would be the most logical sentence.

In the civil arena, forensic psychologists may evaluate persons who are undergoing guardianship proceedings, and assist the court in determining whether someone has a mental disorder that could affect his/her ability to make important life decisions (e.g., managing money, making health care and legal decisions). Appropriately trained forensic psychologists also evaluate plaintiffs in lawsuits, involving people who allege that they were emotionally harmed as a result of another party's negligence. Or they may evaluate children and their parents in cases of divorce, perhaps as an aid in making custody determinations and evaluating children for alleged abuse or neglect.

Forensic Psychology presents forensic psychology from its beginnings to the scientifically based profession that it is today. Since it is difficult, if not impossible, to separate psychological principles from legal principles and still provide an informative text on forensic psychology, no significant attempts were made to draw such distinctions. In fact, wherever possible throughout the text, psychology is linked with legal opinions and actual case law in an attempt to further illustrate their connectivity and mutual reliance in the real world.

Forensic Psychology is divided into five main sections. The first section provides an introduction to the field of forensic psychology. Discussions include the history of forensic psychology; significant past and present applications as a science and a profession; history-changing court decisions in which forensic psychology played a major role; the education of forensic psychologists, their roles and responsibilities, and their duties and obligations from professional, ethical, moral, and legal standpoints. Section Two of the book looks at the criminological aspects of forensic psychology and includes an examination of theories of aggression and violent crime; the definitions and classification of nonviolent crimes; a discussion of mass murder and serial killers; and an analysis of the psychology of terrorism, cults, and extremism. The third section of Forensic Psychology presents an overview of police and law enforcement. This includes the topic of police psychology and the role psychologists have in selecting and assessing police officers, and consulting in areas of law enforcement such as hostage negotiations and critical incident stress debriefing. This section also includes an examination of the tools and techniques involved in the investigation of crime. Section Four looks at the involvement of forensic psychologists in the American criminal justice system and adjudication process, both on a pretrial and trial basis. This includes discussions of eyewitness identification and accuracy; psychology of false confessions; competency; and juries and the courtroom. The final chapter of Forensic Psychology highlights forensic psychology's direct application to five special categories. These are repressed memories; novel syndromes, the workplace, children and families, and issues of treatment and rehabilitation.

Forensic Psychology presents a clear picture of forensic psychology and thoroughly reviews the profession of clinical forensic psychologist, covering all the relevant issues from a legal as well as a psychological point of view.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Alternative Medicine

Techniques of Hypnotic Induction by George Gafner (Crown House Publishing)

One of the most challenging parts of the practice of clinical hypnosis is the creation and use of hypnotic inductions. The therapy phase of the hypnotic process can consist of a story, an age regression, or any one of a myriad number of techniques. The bottom line is, the therapist must successfully induce trance so that the client is prepared for what follows.

Techniques of Hypnotic Induction, written by George Gafner, recently retired as director of family therapy and hypnosis training at the Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System in Tucson, contains both direct and indirect inductions. The direct inductions are guided imagery experiences that invite clients to imagine immersing themselves in a structured experience. Other clients though, appreciate less structure or they may be wary of hypnosis, or resistant to letting go. These clients may not like guided imagery inductions but instead, respond well to story inductions, as they appreciate an approach that permits them to experience any variety of hypnotic phenomena of their choosing.

Techniques of Hypnotic Induction contains both directive inductions as well as those that are indirect. The directive inductions are guided imagery experiences that invite clients to imagine immersing themselves in a structured experience, for example, walking down a path in the forest and participating in one image and then another. Guided imagery inductions are good for people who require structure, especially structures that contain realizable steps, one thing leading to another, like links in a chain, where a positive albeit unexpected outcome is built into the experience.

Other clients, though, appreciate less structure. Some people may be wary of hypnosis, or resistant to letting go. They do not like to be told what to feel, or they may have difficulty experiencing hypnotic phenomena, such as time distortion or amnesia. Instead, Gafner employs story inductions with these folks, as they tend to appreciate a permissive and indirect approach, one that permits them to experience any variety of hypnotic phenomena of their choosing. The main thing about any induction is that the client experience something. Their experiencing catalepsy, dissociation, numbness or tingling in the extremities, or any other hypnotic phenomena, ratifies trance. They can then say, "Yes, indeed, I experienced something."

In both types of inductions Gafner in Techniques of Hypnotic Induction says he employs metaphor that strongly targets the unconscious, for it is in the unconscious where change begins. With story inductions, trance occurs when practitioners read their client a story about someone else who develops interesting sensations in her body. Easy, non-threatening, and failsafe. Such a metaphorical approach gets in underneath the radar and cannot be defended against. So, for example, in the Glen Canyon induction (Chapter 3), the client listens to a story about people taking a journey down the Colorado River. The people in the story experience dissociation, time distortion, and many other hypnotic phenomena, and trance is induced because the listener automatically self-references these phenomena. When clients don't respond to a story or guided imagery induction, Gafner says he usually reaches for a confusional induction. He includes two of these inductions for those clients whose unconscious resistance does not permit them to let go (Chapter 6).

Gafner says he employs inductions ad lib, but because he can't remember every induction or story he has come to rely on reading scripts. Reading to clients becomes a natural part of the session. They readily expect and appreciate the caring and intimacy inherent in a carefully crafted and well read induction.

In addition to notes for practice, a glossary, and an appendix on techniques to choose from once trance is induced, along with a chapter on finding ones hypnotic voice, Techniques of Hypnotic Induction features call-outs in some of the chapters. At conferences many people have told Gafner they learn much from this device in which, say, she lost track of time is italicized in the text and next to it time distortion appears in the margin, thus explaining the principle or technique. In the notes for practice he anticipates the learning needs of the clinician.

Techniques of Hypnotic Induction makes enjoyable reading for hypnotherapists who want to bring creativity and imagination to their inductions. The entire book makes for a truly entrancing learning experience. Judith E. Pearson, PhD, Psychotherapy and Life Coach
As an experienced teacher and practitioner of hypnotherapy spanning two decades, George Gafner's work has offered me enormous insights into the therapeutic work that is seldom seen. This book is highly recommended! Tom Barber, MA, Director, Contemporary College of Therapeutic Studies, UK

Not only does George Gafner do it again in his latest book, but he surpasses his previous excellent work. George is one of the most gifted hypnotic story writers of our time. Sonja Benson, PhD, co-author of Hypnotic Techniques and Handbook of Hypnotic Interventions

A timely read and one that positively stands above others in the pantheon of hypnotic induction literature. Peter Mabutt, FBSCH, Director of Studies, London College of Clinical Hypnosis

Techniques of Hypnotic Induction shows readers how to use induction effectively in clinical practice. The book guides both beginning and experienced clinicians in this most important stage of the hypnotic process.

Health, Mind & Body / Psychology & Counseling / Self-Help

Mindsight: The New Science of Personal Transformation by Daniel J. Siegel (Bantam)

Daniel Siegel in Mindsight tells readers, In order to improve your life, change your brain.

From a pioneer in the field of mental health comes Mindsight, a book on the potent skill that is the basis for both emotional and social intelligence. It achieves its effects by using the focus of ones attention to literally change the structure of the brain, re-sculpting the neural pathways that underlie well-being, and then reinforcing those pathways through concentration and repetition, the same way one would tone a muscle.

Mindsight is the result of twenty-five years of hands-on clinical work. A Harvard-trained physician, Siegel is one of the innovators in the integration of brain science into the practice of psychotherapy. According to Siegel, we know that Mindsight works because brain scans provide concrete evidence of neuroplasticity the brain's capacity to grow and change throughout life. Using case histories from his practice, he shows how nearly everyone can learn to focus their attention on the internal world of the mind in a way that changes the wiring and architecture of their brain.
Through his synthesis of a range of scientific research with applications to everyday life, Siegel has developed novel approaches that help patients heal themselves from painful events in the past and liberate themselves from obstacles blocking them in the present. Showing readers mindsight in action, Siegel, clinical professor of psychiatry at the UCLA School of Medicine, co-director of the UCLA Mindful Awareness Research Center, and executive director of the Mindsight Institute, describes

  • A sixteen-year-old boy with bipolar disorder who uses meditation and other techniques instead of drugs to calm the emotional storms that made him suicidal.
  • A woman paralyzed by anxiety, who uses mindsight to discover, in an unconscious memory of a childhood accident, the source of her dread.
  • A physician the author himself who pays attention to his intuition, which he experiences as a "vague, uneasy feeling in my belly, a gnawing restlessness in my heart and my gut," and tracks down a patient who could have gone deaf because of an inaccurately written prescription for an ear infection.
  • A twelve-year-old girl with OCD who learns a meditation that is "like watching myself from outside myself" and, using a form of internal dialogue, is able to stop the compulsive behaviors that have been tormenting her.

These and other stories illustrate how mindsight can help readers master their emotions, heal their relationships, and reach their potential. By giving readers the ability to step back and look at the activities of the mind without being taken over by them, Mindsight:

  • Gets readers off the autopilot of habitual behaviors and responses.
  • Gives them the ability to deal with intense emotions without being overcome by them.
  • Releases the creativity that flourishes when left and right brain work together.
  • Lets them tune into signals from the body to sharpen intuition.
  • Helps them to be receptive to others rather than reactive.

Siegel (Parenting from the Inside Out) combines Western neuroscience with Eastern meditation in an exciting exploration of how a troubled mind can right itself. learning to stay with a feeling, even a threatening one, is the beginning of discovering that this emotion is just a set of neural firings in our brain. there is also enormous hope that therapy, sometimes even without medication, can guide a patient through life. Siegel's method isn't a quick fix and doesn't sugarcoat reality: The mindful traits of serenity, courage and wisdom involve accepting our place in the order of things. He challenges his patients to a life of tough work and convincingly suggests it will be well worth the effort. Publishers Weekly

Mindsight is a rare book. Rooted in groundbreaking scientific research and searching professional practice, it is also a deeply compassionate and human account of what it is to be human. Mindsight has powerful lessons for doctors, parents and educators, and for all of us who are trying to make sense of how we make sense of things. Sir Ken Robinson, author of The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything
This exciting book reveals the secrets of the mind that we have sought in Eastern and Western thought for 2000 years. How do we see the mind and learn to tame it for a happier and healthier life? Filled with engaging stories, Mindsight uses cutting edge science and deep humanity to address the questions that we all have about the mystery in our skull. Natalie Goldberg, author of Old Friend from Far Away and Writing Down the Bones
Right now, Dan Siegel is creating a stir among therapists unmatched by any other in the field. Mindsight offers a fascinating synthesis of his innovative ideas about the implications of the new brain science for understanding relationships and the processes of human change. Richard Simon, Ph.D., editor, Psychotherapy Networker
Drawing upon and explaining the intricate workings of the brain, Mindsight sets itself apart from other self-help books. Dr. Siegel helps the reader understand how we can change our dysfunctional habits of mind and become more flexible, adaptive, coherent, energized, and stable. He helps us see that we can rewire our own brains and become truly integrated, through personal understanding and, most important, through meaningful relationships with others. This is a must-read for anyone who wishes to have a happier, more productive life. Eugene Beresin, M.D., professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School

In Mindsight Siegel has written a book that helps readers understand the potential they have to create their own lives. The book offers proof that humans aren't hardwired to behave in certain ways. As inspiring as it is informative, as practical as it is profound, Siegel shows how powerful the brain is and how the use of Mindsight can help readers master emotions, heal relationships, and reach their full potential.

Health, Mind & Body / Recovery / Memoir

Becoming Normal: An Ever-Changing Perspective by Mark Edick (Central Recovery Press)

"What is normal?"

That question has plagued author Mark Edick, who is in long-term recovery, all his life.

To be normal means to fit in. That is what I thought. To fit in means I will be more loved, cared for, and needed. I longed for these things. I yearned for these things. I had spent my whole life seeking real love, true caring, a sense of being needed. And I had so far come up short. from the book

So begins Edick's exploration of Becoming Normal and what that means to him and to others who have spent their lives being out of synch with what many in the mainstream consider normal. The book is a narrative examination of the author's understanding of addiction and his journey to discover how to live a healthy, meaningful, and normal life.

According to Edick, once it was normal to drink and take drugs. Now it is normal for him not to drink or take drugs. In this book, the concept of normal is not simply a comparison between extremes, but of the personal and evolving understanding and acceptance of normal as it applies to the individual and his or her changing relationship with alcohol and drugs. The individual's new normal involves adopting the habit of not drinking or drugging by stopping to think about potential actions and then choosing rationally rather than react due to force of habit.

Edick, a first-time author, who has been in recovery for over seven years, is a retired autoworker from Lansing, Michigan. Becoming Normal includes wisdom gleaned from his relationship with his twelve-step fellowship sponsor and other lessons learned along the way. Coming to terms with normality for Edick means coming to grips with the addiction that defined his life and his perception of reality, and getting into recovery. It means understanding that comparing others to himself, being afraid, and thinking of himself in terms of Us vs. Them creates artificial boundaries that redefines normality in ways that diminishes his sense of self and belonging. And it means coming to terms with himself as a person who can fit in anywhere and who can learn from anyone.

As readers follow Edick's journey to normal, they begin to appreciate their own understanding of the topic. Soon it becomes clear that whether or not a person struggles with the problems living in active addiction brings, the quest to determine what is normal is common to everyone.

Comfortable, yet compelling. Dont let this book pass you by: it might just transform your life! Jack G. Jesse, Ph.D., LMSW, CAAC, Substance Abuse Division Director, Barry/Eaton District Health Department

Becoming Normal is a refreshing examination of the human condition and how one man was able to beat the odds. Powerful, poignant, moving, down-to-earth, his examination of self-defeating thought processes offers an alternative perspective to those who struggle with the stigma associated with their identification as alcoholic/addict. While this is one man's story, it is also the story of millions. It is a study of self, but more importantly, of the reality in which we view ourselves and in which society sees us.

Health, Mind & Body / Self-Help / Motivational / Biographies & Memoirs

Tattoos on the Heart: The Power of Boundless Compassion by Gregory Boyle (Free Press)

com'passion noun

Deep awareness of the suffering of another coupled with the wish to relieve it.

from the book

How does one fight despair and learn to meet the world with a loving heart? How does one overcome shame? Stay faithful in spite of failure? According to Father Gregory Boyle, no matter where people live or what their circumstances may be, everyone needs boundless, restorative love.

As a pastor working in a neighborhood with the highest concentration of murderous gang activity in Los Angeles, Boyle created an organization to provide jobs, job training, and encouragement so that young people could work together and learn the mutual respect that comes from collaboration. Tattoos on the Heart is a series of parables distilled from his twenty years in the barrio. Arranged by theme, these essays offer Boyles hard-earned wisdom. These stories are full of revelations and observations of the community in which Boyle works and of the many lives he has helped save.

Tattoos on the Heart reminds readers that no life is less valuable than another. This is an extraordinary book that gives readers a window onto the lives of those affected by gang culture, particularly in a spiritual context, and a look at how full readers lives could be if they could find the joy in loving others and in being loved unconditionally. From giant, tattooed Cesar, shopping at JC Penney fresh out of prison, we learn how to feel worthy of Gods love. From ten-year-old Lula we learn the importance of being known and acknowledged. From Pedro we understand the kind of patience necessary to rescue someone from the darkness.

Since 1986, Boyle, an ordained Jesuit priest, has been the pastor of Dolores Mission in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles. The church sits between two large public housing projects, Pico Gardens and Aliso Village, known for decades as the gang capital of the world. There are 1,100 gangs encompassing 86,000 members in Los Angeles, and Boyle Heights has the highest concentration of murderous gang activity in the city. Since Father Greg also known affectionately as G-dog, started Homeboy Industries nearly twenty years ago, it has served members of more than half of the gangs in Los Angeles. In Homeboy Industries' various businesses baking, silk-screening, landscaping gang affiliations are left outside as young people work together, side by side, learning the mutual respect that comes from building something together.

Homeboy Industries is the largest gang intervention program in the country; offering job training, tattoo removal, and employment to members of enemy gangs, it has become a national model in its effectiveness. Homeboy offers hope to those for whom all hope is lost.

In Tattoos on the Heart, Boyle condenses his work with these gang members the homies into a book of stories and essays. He relays the tales that surround him every day. In each chapter "God, I Guess", "Disgrace", "Compassion", "Baptism", "Patience", "Jurisdiction", "Success", "Kinship" readers benefit from Father Greg's extraordinary, hard-earned wisdom. With Tattoos on the Heart, Boyle hopes to lead people to lives of compassion and kinship no matter who they are or what they've done. As he says, "God doesn't just love you, it's his joy to love you ... he is like a father who can't take his eyes off his kid."

From moving vignettes about gangsters breaking into tears or finding themselves worthy of love and affirmation, to moments of spiritual reflection and side-splittingly funny banter between him and the homies, Boyle creates a convincing and even joyful treatise on the sacredness of every life. Considering that he has buried more than 150 young people from gang-related violence, the joyful tenor of the book remains an astounding literary and spiritual feat. Publishers Weekly (starred)

A spiritual masterpiece touching the innermost sanctum of the human soul. Boyle approaches each person as a child of God and fully deserving of love and compassion. His capacity to reach the heart of the most hardened, and to see the best in everyone, inspires. I laughed, wept, and underlined on virtually every page. Kerry Kennedy, founder of the RFK Center for Justice and Human Rights
Father Boyle reminds us all that every single child and youth is a part of God's jurisdiction and when they know that we are seeing them as God does, they are capable of great things. Father Boyle is a national treasure. Marian Wright Edelman, President, Children's Defense Fund
One of the bravest, most humane, heartbreaking, brilliant, and hopeful stories I've read in ages. Father Greg, the Gandhi of the Gangs, fills Tattoos with unquenchable soul force and down-to-earth love. Jack Kornfield, author of A Path with Heart
Sometimes we are allowed to see in our own lifetimes what we were supposed to see in the life and ministry of Jesus. Read, and let your life be changed! Father Richard Rohr, O.F.M., Center for Action and Contemplation, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Tattoos on the Heart is an astounding book and a remarkable testament. No one brings more triumph and tragedy to the street gang story than Greg Boyle. No one brings more conviction and compassion than Greg Boyle. And no one writes the gang story more beautifully. Malcolm Klein, Professor Emeritus, University of Southern California

This is an extraordinary book erudite, down-to-earth, and utterly heartening; these essays about universal kinship and redemption are moving examples giving readers a window onto the lives of those affected by gang culture, particularly in a spiritual context. Gorgeous and uplifting, Tattoos on the Heart amply demonstrates the impact unconditional love can have on ones life. Filled with humor and generosity, the stories show readers how to stay faithful in spite of failure and how to meet the world with a loving heart. Inspired by faith but applicable to anyone trying to be good, these personal, unflinching stories are full of surprising revelations and observations of the community in which Boyle works and of the lives he has helped save. With Boyles guidance, readers can recognize their own wounds in the broken lives and daunting struggles of the men and women in these parables and learn to find joy in everyone.

History / Americas / Civil War / Biographies & Memoirs

Army Life: From a Soldiers Journal: Incidents, Sketches and Record of a Union Soldiers Army Life, in Camp and Field. 1861-64 by A. O. Marshall, edited by Robert G. Schultz, with series editors T. Michael Parrish and Daniel E. Sutherland (The Civil War in the West Series: The University of Arkansas Press)

In 1884, when Albert O. Marshall published Army Life, a memoir of his service as a private in the Thirty-Third Illinois Regiment, twenty years had passed since his 1864 discharge. Marshall left the journal carried faithfully to every mustering out, untouched at publication, and today as a Civil War memoir, it is a journal that is rare in what it is not. This memoir is not a complete story of the Thirty-Third (known as the Normal Regiment because many of its soldiers were from Illinois State Normal University), nor is it a complete roster of regiment members, nor a list of killed and wounded.
Army Life is not, even, a purely military account written from an officers point of view. It is the story of a twenty-year-old private whose engaging writing belies his age but also allows his youth to shine through. Marshall tells of the battles he fought and the games he played, of his friends, fellow soldiers, and officers, and of the regiments activities in Missouri and Arkansas, at Vicksburg, and in Louisiana and on the Texas Gulf Coast.

Editor Robert G. Schultz teaches at East Central College in Union, Missouri. According to series editors T. Michael Parrish & Daniel E. Sutherland, even among Civil War historians, Marshall's Army Life is an extremely rare and little-known work, which makes Arkansas's annotated edition all the more welcome in the literature. The book is a memoir by a Union soldier who served from 1861 through 1864 throughout the Mississippi Valley, southern Louisiana, and along the lower Texas coast. Marshall describes his service in the Thirty-third Illinois Infantry, illuminating that unit's crucial contributions to important campaigns in Missouri and Arkansas, the siege of Vicksburg, the invasion of the Teche country in Louisiana, and subsequent attempts to invade Texas at Brownsville and Matagorda Bay.

Marshall includes a wide range of comments and candid evaluations of soldier life. He criticizes his commanding officers, evaluates Yankee strategy and politics, and describes several encounters with Confederate civilians of various classes and conditions. He also delineates quite candidly the invading Union army's destruction of property and seizure of cotton, and he gives vivid pen pictures of the dangerous and difficult plight of runaway slaves who flocked by the thousands to the safety of Union lines. Marshall also makes it clear that the great majority of Union soldiers viewed emancipation primarily as a military policy meant to win a war to save and restore the Union and to ensure that slaveholders would no longer control the national government.

As told in Army Life, Marshall was born in 1840 on a farm near New Lenox, Will County, Illinois. He was educated in the local school and at age nineteen entered Lombard University in Galesburg, Illinois. War intervened and in 1861 he enlisted in Company A of the Thirty-third Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the Normal Regiment, made up mainly of students and teachers. (Upon his enlistment, Marshall declared himself a farmer. Marshall was one of seven children (five boys and two girls). His father went to California with gold fever in 1849 and died in 1850 while returning home.

Marshall was discharged in October 1864. After the war he attended what is now the School of Law of Northwestern University, graduating in 1866. He began a successful law practice in Joliet, Illinois. He was elected to a four-year term in the Illinois State Senate in 1874. From 1894 to 1902 he was elected judge of the county court, and in 1905 he was elected circuit court judge. He also served on the Joliet school board and on the township high school board. Marshall died October 20, 1914, and is buried in the Marshall Cemetery in New Lenox Township.

In Army Life, Marshall's original work has been left untouched with the exception of a few spelling corrections. In the original there was only one drawing. Illustrations and maps have been added. These are from The Official Atlas of the Civil War, contemporary Harpers and Leslie's weekly newspapers, the later Harper's and Leslie's Civil War histories (that reproduce items from the original 1861-1865 weekly issues), or the Battles and Leaders of the Civil War volumes.

Based substantially upon information gleaned from original diaries and letters written during the war, Marshall's Army Lift provides an extremely valuable primary account by an intelligent and insightful Civil War soldier. Robert G. Schultz, the volume editor, has done a commendable job of introducing and editing the text and of adding a variety of maps, portraits, and other illustrative material that enriches the memoir. As such, it is an excellent addition to the Civil War in the West series. T. Michael Parrish & Daniel E. Sutherland, from the preface

Enhanced with careful editing and thorough annotations, Army Life Marshall is a richly detailed, interesting, candid and important Civil War memoir.

Part of The Civil War in the West Series, whose single goal is to promote historical writing about the war in the western states and territories, Army Life focuses most particularly on the Trans-Mississippi theater, which consisted of Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, most of Louisiana (west of the Mississippi River), Indian Territory (modern-day Oklahoma), and Arizona Territory (two-fifths of modern-day Arizona and New Mexico), but encompasses adjacent states, such as Kansas, Tennessee, and Mississippi, that directly influenced the trans-Mississippi war. Topically, the series embraces all aspects of the wartime story and offers modern scholarship, offering new editions of important books that have gone out of print. And it premieres expertly edited correspondence, diaries, reminiscences, and other writings by participants in the war. By focusing on some of the least familiar dimensions of the conflict, The Civil War in the West Series significantly broadens our understanding of the nation's most pivotal and dramatic story.

History / Americas / Military / World War II

A Nation Forged in War: How World War II Taught Americans to Get Along by Thomas A. Bruscino, series editor G. Kurt Piehler (Legacies of War Series: The University of Tennessee Press)

In sheer numbers, never before or since World War II have so many Americans served in the armed forces at one time over 15 million men and women donned uniforms in the period from 1941 to 1945. What was the legacy of this military service on their lives and the wider society?

World War II shaped the United States in profound ways, and this new book the first in the Legacies of War series explores one of the most significant changes it fostered: a dramatic increase in ethnic and religious tolerance. A Nation Forged in War is the first full-length study of how large-scale mobilization during the Second World War helped to dissolve longstanding differences among white soldiers of widely divergent backgrounds.

Thomas Bruscino explores how these soldiers' shared experiences enduring basic training, living far from home, engaging in combat transformed their views of other ethnic groups and religious traditions. He further examines how specific military policies and practices worked to counteract old prejudices, and he makes a case that throwing together men of different regions; ethnicities, religions, and classes not only fostered a greater sense of tolerance but also forged a new American identity. When soldiers returned home after the war with these new attitudes, they helped reorder what it meant to be white in America.

Using the presidential campaigns of Al Smith in 1928 and John F. Kennedy in 1960 as bookend events, Bruscino, assistant professor of history at the U.S. Army School of Advanced Military Studies at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, notes a key change in religious bias. Smith's defeat came at the end of a campaign rife with anti-Catholic sentiment; Kennedy's victory some three decades later proved that such religious bigotry was no longer an insurmountable obstacle. Despite such advances, Bruscino notes that the growing broad-mindedness produced by the war had limits: it did not extend to African Americans, whose own struggle for equality would dramatically mark the postwar decades.

According to the Series Editors Foreword in A Nation Forged in War, The Second World War transformed Americas relationship with the world, and the United States emerged as one of the preeminent super-powers. After victory over the forces of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, Americans embraced internationalism and the newly created United Nations.

In the opening decades of the twentieth century, Americans were profoundly divided over who should be considered an American. Many native-born, white Anglo-Saxon Protestants questioned whether the new immigrants from southern and eastern Europe could be integrated into American society. In the 1920s the Ku Klux Klan attracted a membership of millions, and this organization deemed immigrants, Roman Catholics, and Jews as a threat to the Republic.

World War II fostered a far-reaching redefinition of the American identity. Part of this represented a deliberate policy of the federal government. But other policies were at work. As Bruscino's work shows, the U.S. Army in the area of religious policy stressed the need for an ecumenical attitude not only on the part of chaplains but also within the rank and file. Moreover, Bruscino makes a case that throwing together men from different regions, ethnicities, religions, and classes fostered a greater sense of tolerance and forged a new American identity among white Americans.

Of course, World War II should not be considered a halcyon era, and Bruscino in A Nation Forged in War does not ignore the shortcomings of the era. Anti-Semitism may have been waning, but there remained plenty of bigots. With only a few exceptions, African Americans served in segregated units within the armed forces, and the war did little to chip away at either Jim Crow in the South or widespread discrimination in the rest of the country. Women served in armed services, but their numbers were few and they were not part of the bands of brothers.

Despite these caveats, Bruscino shows that much changed as a result of the Second World War. In order to explain the role of World War II military service in the development of tolerance, A Nation Forged in War traces a line through mid-twentieth-century U.S. history. It begins with a brief account of the presidential election of 1928 as the great example of widespread ethnic and religious intolerance in the interwar period. Chapter 2 then provides a description of the ongoing, and in some cases increased, ethnic and religious tensions in the country through the Great Depression and all the way until the end of the war. Contrary to some popular belief, neither the Great Depression nor the war years on the home front created unity among the nation's diverse white population.

Chapters 3 to 6 narrow the focus to deal specifically with the U.S. military. As the single largest branch of the American military in World War II, the ground and service forces of the army provide the best representative sample of military service in the war. Of course, there were differences among the experiences of the men who served in the U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Army Air Forces. Even within the ground army, there existed key disparities among armor, airborne, signal corps, engineers, headquarters, artillery, and infantry.

Despite these differences, and despite the very important pride men felt for their service branch and their role within that branch, there is little evidence to suggest that the general conclusions drawn by A Nation Forged in War about ethnicity and religion and the World War II military experience vary from branch to branch or theater to theater. The differences therein were of degree, not kind. As one army veteran who never left the United States during the war later wrote in his memoirs, for the army "noncombatants, too, the war was the most defining experience of their generation."

For almost all of its history, the traditionalists who ran the U.S. military had denied its role as an institution of social experimentation. Their job was to win wars. But that does not tell the whole story. In World War II, the army ran a great social experiment by mixing white men from all different backgrounds. Chapter 3 is a description of World War II army personnel policy toward ethnic and religious groups and that policy's historical roots.

Chapters 4, 5, and 6 detail the experiences of the men who made up the rank and file in the army as those experiences related to ethnic and religious issues. For all the differences among the millions of individuals who served in thousands of different roles, they all shared an important and large common experience in the military. Chapter 4 describes the shock of provincial Americans at the introduction to army life, the purposes and results of training, and how the men ultimately adjusted to this new world.

The majority of American soldiers never saw combat in World War II. Even those who did spent most of their time outside direct action. The men tried to occupy themselves with games, reading, food, drink, and women. As they did, they came in contact with people from all around the world. In their search for entertainment in foreign lands and with foreign people, they discovered many of the shared principles, assumptions, and biases that united them as Americans. The fifth chapter describes this process. Chapter 6 focuses on the time before, during, and after combat. Nothing made a mockery of ethnic and religious intolerance quite so much as the experience of being under fire. The sacrifices made by men from all ethnic and religious backgrounds provided a powerful testament to the meaning of the war, a meaning the men would not easily forget.

These millions of veterans returned to civilian life profoundly changed by their experiences at war, and chapter 7 of A Nation Forged in War describes that transition. There is an inherent challenge in trying to describe the cumulative effect of veterans on American politics and society after World War II. They did not all join veterans organizations. They did not speak with one voice on most issues. Yet their power in postwar America was undeniable. This chapter explains how they came to dominate politics and society. Frustrated critics of the era, both at the time and later, saw the post-war period as a time of panic, oppression, and missed opportunities. Chapter 8 describes how veterans used their positions of power to influence postwar trends.

A Nation Forged in War concludes with the presidential election of 1960 as the great test of postwar ethnic and religious tolerance. That election and that year is a natural stopping point, because the 1960s saw the emergence of a variety of forces that challenged the postwar consensus. Most important among these newly emergent forces was the black civil rights movement. The issue of the relations between white and black Americans is an important undercurrent throughout this study. When one discusses relations among ethnic and religious groups, race is bound to be a factor. But race quite consciously receives little systematic attention because segregation meant the exclusion of African Americans from the postwar tolerance. Yet by the 1960s, the failure to include African Americans in the World War II military was contributing to problems that would create new tensions in white ethnic and religious America.

Thomas Bruscino's important study helps to demystify the experience of World War II in America by showing that the war fostered greater toleration among many white ethnic and religious groups in America but was also marked by continued racism and questionable moral practices on the part of the generation that fought. John Bodnar, Chancellor's Professor of History, Indiana University

Extensively documented, A Nation Forged in War is one of the few books on the social and cultural impact of the World War II years. There has been nothing comprehensive on the subject of exactly how the World War II military experience related to the sea change in ethnic and religious relations in the twentieth-century United States. A Nation Forged in War fills that gap by focusing on prewar and wartime ethnic and religious relations in America, the experiences of soldiers during the war, and how those experiences shaped the way they dealt with and shaped American life in peace. It makes a persuasive case that these experiences led to tolerance, not only among the men, but transformed American attitudes toward ethnicity and religion. Scholars and students of military, ethnic, social, and religious history will be fascinated by this groundbreaking new volume.

History / True Crime / Biographies & Memoirs

Jack the Ripper's Secret Confession: The Hidden Testimony of Britain's First Serial Killer by David Monaghan and Nigel Cawthorne (Skyhorse Publishing)

So why would a murderer paranoid about being blackmailed write about his victims? Plainly, Walter was showing off. Although the author of My Secret Life did not dare confess openly or even identify himself while he was still alive, he was, in fact, boasting that he was the world's first serial killer.

Perhaps Walter knew, over a century after his death, researchers would come across the testimony deep inside the bowels of the British Library, unscramble his coded confession and at last identify the real Jack the Ripper and give him the recognition he craved. from the book

With several million copies sold in the last fifty years, My Secret Life, published by Grove Press in the 1960s, is one of the most famous pornographic works in literary history.

According to David Monaghan, award-winning television director and Nigel Cawthorne, author of numerous books on history and true crime in Jack the Ripper's Secret Confession, what readers of this long-banned and troubling book of violent sexual fantasies failed to realize is that it is also the confession of historys most fiendish killer.
While fear of Jack the Ripper spread throughout the East End of London in 1888, another man wrote about his exploits on the dark, damp streets hunting flesh. He called himself Walter. He was a rapist, voyeur, and fetishist obsessed with prostitutes. In the same year as the Ripper killings, Walter first printed his vast memoir of sex and perversion under the title My Secret Life. Fewer than twenty sets were printed on a secret Amsterdam press between 1888 and 1894. This memoir has become one of the most famous pornographic works in literary history.

Long banned for its perversion and obscenity, only censored excerpts of Walter's masterwork were seen for a century. One of the few complete sets not destroyed by the authorities was locked away in the British Library. Jack the Ripper's Secret Confession is the story of the volumes in that locked room and the secret they contain the secret that unlocks Walter's diary as the confession of Jack the Ripper.

Jack the Ripper's Secret Confession details how this notorious work of violent Victorian pornography reveals that its author textile millionaire Henry Spencer Ashbee, who died in 1901, writing under the name Walter had the means, the motive, and the opportunity to be Jack the Ripper. It delves into dark psychiatric motives within the text, to show Walter possessed the unique psycho-sexual fingerprint of a serial killer. The comparison between Walter and the Ripper also illuminates the taboos of Victorian sexual society including that of child prostitution which was rife in a time when the age of consent was still thirteen.

Television director Monaghan and author Cawthorne (Serial Killers and Mass Murderers) fail to prove their case that Jack the Ripper, who murdered and mutilated five prostitutes in London's White chapel area in 1888, and a pseudonymous author known only as Walter were one and the same. The authors spend most of the book re-telling portions of Walter's story from his 11-volume erotic memoir, My Secret Life, and attempting to prove that Walter who raped his first girl as 18 and had a lifelong obsession with raping virgins was responsible for the Ripper killings. But the links Monaghan and Cawthorne try to establish with the Ripper (they note Walter's links to older prostitutes, the type of women Jack killed; they count the number of times certain common words appear in both the book and a letter Jack allegedly sent to the authorities) are flimsy. Whoever Walter was, the authors do not close the case of Jack the Ripper a case that has mystified the public for well over a century. Publishers Weekly

Making the case for a strong new suspect, Jack the Ripper's Secret Confession will fascinate Ripperologists. The book puts the pieces together, and its new theory will amaze and titillate scholars who for generations have pondered the true identity of historys most brutal murderer.

Home & Garden / Crafts & Hobbies

Design Art Deco Quilts: Mix & Match Simple Geometric Shapes by Don Linn (C&T Publishing)

In olden days a glimpse of stocking
Was looked on as something shocking,
But now, God knows, Anything goes. Cole Porter

This verse aptly describes the general attitude of most people during the twenties and thirties, according to Don Linn in Design Art Deco Quilts. During that time, between the two world wars, designers worked in two diverse schools of thought. One area of design was in the use of florals; nearly all of these designs were highly stylized or abstract. The other school concentrated on making designs clean and uncluttered as a way of divorcing themselves from the preceding art nouveau era. Mass production was becoming commonplace. Some referred to these designs as machine arts. Other designs attempted to capture the futuristic streamlined look of what was yet to come. Here one would see more flowing lines as the designers tried to capture the feeling of flowing motion in their work.

Now readers can make a bold artistic statement with their own one-of-a-kind Art Deco quilt. Linn shows readers how to create masterpieces in Design Art Deco Quilts, from choosing the right fabrics for an authentic look, to estimating yardage, cutting fabric and planning their piecing. Linn is an award-winning professional machine quilter, affectionately known in the business as Mr. Quilt for his magnificent heirloom machine quilting.

Readers learn to mix and match simple shapes into bold, stylized quilts. They learn to design striking, stylized quilts inspired by 1930s Art Deco style. Simple geometric shapes mix and match into original, one-of-a-kind designs. Complete instructions for a sample quilt take readers step by step through planning, designing, and piecing their quilt. The book includes a photo gallery of 11 stunning quilts created by student quilters, plus a visual history of Art Deco style and architecture.

Chapters of Design Art Deco Quilts include:

  1. Art Deco Design Concepts      
  2. Tools, Supplies, and Fabric Selection. Many of which readers probably have on hand.
  3. Design Steps. Explains the process.
  4. Piecing Sequence Gallery. Breaks it down to make it easier.
  5. Curved and Inset Seam Piecing. Lots of tips to take the anxiety out of it.
  6. Quilting Ideas and Tips. Tips on choosing designs in relation to goals.    
  7. Design Components. Provides tools to spark readers imaginations in designing.

Linn says he first became interested in art deco designs when he was working with fused glass while taking a break from quilting. The simple geometric designs readily lent themselves to cutting and fusing glass. It occurred to him that these simple geometric designs might lend themselves to some new and unusual quilt designs, and that inspired this book.

Design Art Deco Quilts has a lovely gallery of Linns students art deco quilts. His design technique encourages readers to try something new and create their own works of art.

Home & Garden / Interior Design / Professional & Technical / Architecture

Cottages in the Sun: Bungalows of Venice, California by Margaret Bach, with photography by Melba Levick (Rizzoli International Publications)
More than a century ago, when tobacco millionaire Abbot Kinney built his Venice-of-America with its network of canals and fanciful buildings, cultural aspirations were high. Over the years, this aura of fantasy and imaginative possibility endured as integral to the zeitgeist of the place. Today, as shown in Cottages in the Sun, this spirit of innovation and creativity is expressed in the vintage bungalows and cottages that have been brought back to life by homeowners more in love with place than size. Stalwart survivors of the ebb and flow of the areas fortunes over a century, these small homes channel the creative spirit of the place and provide a counterpoint to oversize houses. Color, landscape, treasured collections, personal narrative, contemporary overlays and additions, art and craft, and inventive design all combine in various ways to produce domestic environments with unique and deeply personal points of view.

Cottages in the Sun is like taking a walking tour through the gardens and homes that line the footpaths and canals of Venice, California right from ones favorite chair. The book showcases the varying styles and ingenious designs that exist within this distinctive community. Inventive and unique, each of the 28 featured houses is a testament to the triumph of style and setting over size and space. With photography by widely published and exhibited Melba Levick and text by local authority, Margaret Bach, designer, writer, documentary filmmaker, historian, and preservation advocate, Cottages in the Sun opens the front door to homes brimming with originality.

Having subsequently emerged from a period of neglect and disrepair in the 1950s and 1960s, the century-old bungalows and cottages on Venice's remaining canal and quiet lanes are today the beating heart of the community. At times eclectic, charming, whimsical, or bold, these houses are a testament to passionate love for domestic space and a convincing argument for the virtues of an intuitive, highly personal approach to home design.

Cottages in the Sun is a charming and well-written introduction to the inspired and inspiring cottages and bungalows of Venice, California. Not the romantic canals or the fanciful streetscapes, buts the century-old bungalows and cottages, quiet lanes, and walk-streets are its beating heart. The imaginative interiors and abundant gardens sparkle like gems in this multifaceted treasury, infused with the light of the California sun.

Linguistics / Reference

Storytelling and Drama: Exploring Narrative Episodes in Plays by Hugo Bowles, with series editors Sonia Zyngier and Willie van Peer (Linguistic Approaches to Literature Series, Volume 8: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

How do stories get told in plays and for what dramatic purpose?

Storytelling and Drama provides the first systematic analysis of narrative episodes in drama from an interactional perspective, applying sociolinguistic theories of narrative and insights from conversation analysis to literary dialogue. The aim of the book, written by Hugo Bowles, University of Rome Tor Vergata, is to show how narration can become drama and how perception of the way a character tells a story can be the key to understanding its role in the unfolding action. The book's interactional approach, which analyzes the way in which the characteristic features of everyday conversational stories are used by dramatists to create literary effects, offers an additional tool for dramatic criticism.

Storytelling and Drama analyzes storytelling as interaction in plays and shows how they relate to the drama as a whole. In the final chapter of his book Conversational Narrative, Norrick proposes that narrative episodes in plays are an area to which the analysis of stories in everyday speech can be usefully applied. This book takes up his suggestion and aims to extend the insights of conversational narrative research systematically across the domain of drama.

Three main threads of argument are developed. The first is how definitions of narrative can be related to stories in plays. Past and present narrative research has been particularly concerned with this theoretical question. This book suggests that extending the range of analyzable narratives to include hitherto neglected small stories can be advantageous for dramatic discourse.

The second is the analysis of interactional behavior in storytelling episodes. Storytelling and Drama focuses on the way narrators try to involve their listeners, attending to audience face needs as well as their own, and on the way listeners react, positioning themselves in relation to the narrator and other participants. One of the difficulties which has bedeviled linguistic approaches to drama is that play-texts are fictional representations of talk rather than transcripts of actual conversation. This lack of authenticity, it is sometimes claimed, makes it ineligible for analysis by linguistic methods that depend on naturally-occurring talk. Goffman's categories for speech production provide a stronger theoretical framework and a more plausible rationale for treating idealized talk as if it were social behavior.

The third thread is the dramatic treatment of tellability and how stories in plays work as literature. This involves examining narrative trajectories which move in different directions in the play-text: on the one hand we have the writer of the play whose literary task is to make what Bruner, paraphrasing Joyce, calls an epiphany of the ordinary; while on the other we have the conversational storyteller, i.e., a narrating character in the play itself, whose task is to make an unusual event acceptably banal. How these opposing trajectories are reconciled in drama is at the heart of the analysis.

Storytelling and Drama is divided into two parts. The first four chapters (Part 1) deal with the methodology of defining, describing and analyzing stories, while the last four (Part 2) apply the method to narratives in plays. More specifically, Chapter 1 explores the complex nature of dramatic discourse, the definition of narrative and story and the research methods that have been used to study them. The final part of the chapter proposes an analytical method based on conversation analysis (CA) and interactional sociolinguistics. The next two chapters set out the method, explaining how CA micro-analytic techniques can be adapted to dramatic discourse (Chapter 2) and how this can be supplemented by interactional and discourse analysis (Chapter 3). Chapter 3 also distinguishes different aspects of stories (interactional mode, local function and discourse role) in order to establish an analytical framework which can be used to classify stories in terms of their interactional features. Chapter 4 describes the typical features and categories used in narrative research to mark the organization and tellability of stories, showing how they are deployed in dramatic dialogue to achieve particular effects.

The second half of Storytelling and Drama tracks the tellability of stories in plays by relating the local interactional behavior of speakers (making the strange ordinary) to the requirements of the play as a whole (making the ordinary strange). Chapter 5 addresses the relatively unexplored area of small stories in plays. It concentrates on four types (gossip, eyewitness reports, dream telling and involuntary memories) evaluating their role in plays by looking at the way in which their affiliative properties are used to create particular dramatic effects. Chapter 6 looks at the more reflective stories produced in remembering and dreaming episodes, which are frequent in dramatic discourse. Here the focus is on how participants' orientation to a story changes its emotional complexion (for example, from reminiscence to nostalgia or from dream to fantasy). Chapter 7 examines the negotiation of power and how the interactional dynamics of storytelling affect and are affected by the power relations that are established between participants in narrative episodes. Chapter 8 explores the question of identity, looking at the various ways in which a character can be a narrator and the kinds of identity that are constructed in narrative episodes. The final chapter summarizes the main themes of Storytelling and Drama and draws conclusions regarding future research.

Stories in real-life conversation may be significant or may be incidental but a story in drama is a play within a play and has a determinate function or functions, for example as a hinge of the action, the cusp of a relationship, a revelation to the audience, a token of a disintegrating personality. The details of how the teller, the listener and the theatre audience or play-reader react and interact in these moments reflect and illuminate the action. The suggested methodology offers an interpretative framework for story tellability which may be seen as an additional tool for dramatic criticism.

Storytelling and Drama will likely interest readers in trying their hand at this kind of analysis as it invites their evaluation of its possibilities. The book should be of interest to scholars and students of narrative research, conversation and discourse analysis, stylistics, dramatic discourse and theatre studies.

Literature & Fiction

Losing Charlotte: A Novel by Heather Clay (Alfred A. Knopf)

Written by first-time author Heather Clay, Losing Charlotte is a story about how we are both shattered and remade by unexpected tragedy.

Raised on their parents Kentucky horse farm, Charlotte and Knox Bolling grow up steeped in the cycles of breeding, foaling, weaning, and preparation for sale that the Thoroughbreds around them undergo each year.
When Charlotte in Losing Charlotte leaves Four Corners Farm, marries Bruce, and moves to Manhattans West Village, the sisters feelings for each other remain as intense and contradictory as ever, despite the distance between them. The two women seem to stand on opposite sides of a geographic and ever-widening emotional divide. But nothing will solder their lives more fatefully than Charlottes pregnancy and the day on which she delivers twin boys, then dies of complications following their birth.
Knox and Bruce are devastated by the death of Charlotte, the woman who connects them to each other more deeply in death than she ever did in life. Together they sister- and brother-in-law in name, but strangers in every other respect take up the work of caring for Charlottes two motherless boys. In their mourning, and in the joy and desolation that flood in as their love for the children deepens, Bruce and Knox confront the ways in which their bonds to Charlotte have shaped them and struggle to define the tentative bond they are forming with each other as they navigate their exhausting, emotional daily rounds.

Highly recommended for those who enjoy themes about family and sibling relationships and fans of women's fiction a la Elizabeth Berg, Anne Lamott, Alice Hoffman, and Jodi Picoult. Shaunna Hunter, Library Journal

The family in this novel is so vividly imagined that I am still thinking of them: not as characters but as real people, recent companions of mine who have been through a lot, and for whom I wish serenity and in time, joy. Losing Charlotte marks the debut of a very gifted young writer. Ann Packer, author of The Dive from Clausen's Pier and Songs without Words

How far would you go for family? Clay's heart-wrenching debut novel will spur you to wonder. The Bolling sisters are opposites, but when former wild child Charlotte dies giving birth to twins, risk-averse Knox leaves her parents' Kentucky farm to care for the babies in New York City. With her brother-in-law by her side, Knox gleans lessons about loyalty and gets the nudge she needs to escape her inertia. Clay's characters are flawed yet fun, and her storytelling style is as endearing as an old friend's. Elisabeth Egan, contributing books editor, Self Magazine

Losing Charlotte is a gripping, powerfully affecting, debut novel from a stunning new writer. The book fulfills the promise of fiction by bring readers closer to a deeper understanding of themselves.

Political Philosophy / Politics / Conservatism

Defining Conservatism: The Principles That Will Bring Our Country Back by Jonathan Krohn, with a foreword by William Bennett (Vanguard Press)

Defining Conservatism is a passionate appeal to a political movement that is re-examining its identity as Republicans set their sights on 2010 and beyond. A dedicated young conservative, Jonathan Krohn presents conservative philosophys basic tenets in this earnest and reasoned primer. It is Krohns rallying call to action not just for conservatives, but for anyone interested in the political state of the nation.
In Defining Conservatism, Krohn challenges government expansionists, whose faith in Washington and the basic pillars of government exceeds their faith in the individual.

Krohn, 15 years old in 2010, is a columnist, author, speaker, and political analyst. He previously has been a weekly guest columnist for Human Events. After speaking at the 2009 Conservative Political Action Conference, Krohn has since spoken at numerous events for the Republican Party, as well as events for conservatives across the country. He has also taken an active role in the Tea Parties and been featured in political discussions on numerous television and radio shows. He has formerly participated in a weekly radio spot with WBAL in Baltimore, Maryland. Krohn is also a contributing writer for Newt Gingrichs American Solutions.

According to Krohn in Defining Conservatism, all too often, Americans get swept away by debates over policies: Should we universalize health care? Allow homosexuals to marry? Bail out homeowners with upside-down mortgages? Politicians spend a lot of time battling each other's policies, and average citizens hang all their hopes on those politicians' finding the perfect policy solution to any given problem.

While it is fine to fight bad policy ideas with good ones, it is not fine to do so without recognizing the basic underpinnings of the thought process that creates policy. Krohn believes voters didn't understand the basic principles behind certain policies they found appealing in 2008, and that is how this country wound up with our most left-wing president: Barack Obama.

As a conservative, Krohn has a view of society that he believes is consistent with what the country's Founding Fathers intended, and what morality requires of us. But he is troubled by the definitions assigned to conservatism by others, who think they understand who conservatives are and what they think but really don't. That's why attempts to define conservatism in a way that cannot be tweaked or manipulated from one election cycle to the next, or from one part of the country to another.

Defining Conservatism is based entirely on philosophy. The conservative, according to Krohn, bases all of his views on society by appealing to pure philosophy. He bases his perception of the society, the individual, the marketplace and all other things on principles, logic, morality, and the rule of law. He does not base it on emotion, envy, or his own personal agenda.

Defining Conservatism is not the credo of one faction, aspect, or section of conservatism, such as paleoconservatism, or neoconservatism, or libertarianism, or anything else. It is the credo of what he refers to as basic conservatism. Basic conservatism is the uniting philosophy of conservatism. It is not the basis for one faction of the conservative movement, but a basis agreed on by all.

The conservative finds himself confronted daily by its faithful opposition, the left. The left's factions include, but are not limited to, socialism, communism, liberalism, Marxism, Stalinism, Leninism, Trotskyism, fascism, authoritarianism, martial rule, tyranny, monarchy, and, most stylish today, progressivism. But while there are many branches of thought on the left, there is one necessary agreement among them: the desire for the continual expansion of the government's power. The conservative's truest opponent is the government expansionist.

The conservative believes that America is naturally good; the expansionist believes that America needs more government to make it good. The conservative lionizes the self-sufficient individual, while the expansionist lionizes the victim. The conservative is a realist; the expansionist believes in utopianism. It is not that they do not want to agree, but it is that they are in constant philosophical contrast and opposition.

Krohn counts a finite number of basic ideas that define conservatism:

  1. Respect for the U.S. Constitution and the rule of law on which it is based.
  2. Respect for life as a natural, inherent, and inalienable right.
  3. An insistence on government in its most limited format so it does not come into conflict with each individual's rights and freedoms, and remains subject to the scrutiny of the law.
  4. Personal responsibility, the idea that the individual is accountable for all of his actions, and his actions alone.

According to Krohn, only conservatism can protect Americans from the loss of freedom they are certain to suffer if government expansionism succeeds.

Jonathan Krohn is a force of nature. Defining Conservatism is a real accomplishment, and it will raise many serious questions, the kind any country that takes politics seriously should raise. William Bennett
Limited government and natural rights, not government expansionism, are the surest way to freedom and prosperity. Krohn reminds Americans young and old of these core principles of conservative philosophy. Newt Gingrich
Any time I am depressed about the state of our country or the future of the modern conservative movement, I consider two words: Jonathan Krohn. If Americas future leadership includes this smart-as-a-whip phenom, were going to be just fine. Mike Gallagher, nationally syndicated radio host 

I am asked all the time about rising young conservatives. Well, heres one! Jonathan Krohn makes a vigorous defense of our conservative principles. Rich Lowry, Editor of National Review

Defining Conservatism is a history lesson, a manifesto, and for some, a roadmap for the future. Anyone interested in the basic differences between conservative and liberal thought will find Krohns writing compelling and for those who do not agree with him in some respects, controversial.

Professional & Technical / Agricultural Sciences / Reference

Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens, 3rd Edition by Gail Damerow (Storey Publishing)

People want to know where their food is coming from these days, and having fresh eggs daily, as well as nutrient-rich fertilizer for the vegetable garden, makes raising chickens one of the best ways. Backyard chickens are popping up everywhere, and even urban dwellers are finding out how convenient, beneficial, and amusing it can be to raise their own. More than 100 cities nationwide (Including New York and Miami) allow residents to keep chickens.

Chickens were on earth long before humans and still have the same basic needs they always had food, protection, and procreation. Unlike the jungle fowl from which they derived, domesticated chickens have become dependent on humans to help fulfill those basic needs. Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens includes the information readers need from choosing breeds and hatching chicks to building coops and keeping the birds healthy and safe from predators to keep chickens or run an egg business.
Author Gail Damerow, a monthly columnist for Dairy Goat Journal who runs a small-scale farm raising chickens and other animals, is the editor of Rural Heritage magazine.

Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens guides readers through the whole process, from starting a backyard flock to putting eggs on the table. Readers learn breed characteristics to help choose the best animals for their flock, fence and shelter building techniques, feeding, handling, health care, and nutrition. Damerow discusses egg management, from breeding and laying to egg sales and safety. Hatching and raising the chicks, exhibiting the prized birds, and comprehensive information on safely preparing the meat complete this guide.

The revised and updated third edition, now with 188,000 copies in print, contains new and expanded features:

  • Expanded coverage of hobby farming.
  • New information on training chickens, including how to understand fowl behavior.
  • Expanded details on dealing with predators.
  • Free-range feeding options.
  • Updated disease section, including information on avian influenza and fowl first aid.
  • Daily management of laying hens and meat birds.
  • Guidelines for exhibiting chickens.
  • Feeder and coop designs.

Damerow explains in Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens that over the millennia, different breeds were developed in different areas for different reasons. As a result, today's breeds range from those that are tiny enough to fit in the palm of their hand to those that are so tall they come nearly to their waist. Colors and patterns range from solid red, white, blue, or black to speckled, striped, and laced. The feathers might be long and thin, short and wide, or fur-like and may appear not only on the chicken's body but also on its feet like a pair of boots, down its legs like trousers, beneath its beak like a beard, on the sides of its beak like a mustache, or on top of its head like a fancy Easter bonnet.

Depending on the traits for which these various breeds were bred, some chickens are nearly self-sufficient foragers, while others squat by the trough waiting for the next meal. Some retain their innate sense of self-preservation; others don't have the sense to come in out of the rain. Some hens still have the instinct to collect eggs in a nest and hatch them into chicks; others have no interest in motherhood. Most cocks still mate the time-honored way, while a few breeds require human intervention in order to fertilize eggs to produce more of their kind. Meanwhile, humans have diverse needs and desires. Some want lots of tasty eggs; some want meaty chickens that grow large or fast or both large and fast; some enjoy nothing more than the beauty of brightly colored chickens frolicking in the sunshine; and some take pleasure in the simple companionship of these large, land-based birds.

Various lifestyles also enter into the equation of humans relationship with chickens. Some live on farms with plenty of land, while others live in crowded communities where chickens must be more closely tended to avoid offending neighbors or becoming a meal for a neighborhood pet. All of this diversity among chickens and humans gives rise to an incredible diversity in purposes for keeping chickens, how many to keep, breeds to choose, and the methods by which to shelter and maintain them. For this reason, no one can tell readers the one right way to raise chickens, or offer them an established blueprint for keeping their own flock. The best anyone can do is explain the needs of fowl, offer possibilities for fulfilling those needs, and let them pick and choose the options that best fit their particular situation.

And that is what Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens does.

I didn't know how much I didn't know until I bought this book. Keith, Bakersfield, CA

This is the best single book on chicken raising I have seen. Ron Macher, Small Farm Today

Right now, across the country and beyond, there is a surging passion for raising the birds. Chickens seem to be a perfect convergence of the economic, environmental, gastronomic, and emotional matters of the moment. Susan Orlean, The New Yorker

Whether readers are raising a couple of backyard chickens or a flock of one hundred, Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens is the only book they need to keep their birds healthy and safe. The go-to reference covers all the details to ensure a productive flock. Filled with useful advice and practical know-how, Damerow guides readers through every chicken situation, from hatching chicks to collecting and storing eggs.

Storey's Guide to Raising Series is the essential animal husbandry information from the trusted source. This bestselling series is now being completely updated, and new editions include Storey's Guide to Raising Beef Cattle, Rabbits, Sheep, Horses, Pigs, Chickens, and a new addition to the series, Storey's Guide to Raising Miniature Livestock.

Professional & Technical / Law / Job-Hunting & Careers

Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed: Secrets, Opportunities, and Success! by Ursula Furi-Perry (Jist Works)

The first year is the most difficult in a legal career. Transitioning from law student to new lawyer comes with some serious challenges, from learning on the job to developing a professional network, and from presenting a professional image to planning for long-term career satisfaction. Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed details what every young lawyer must know.

Author Ursula Furi-Perry, J.D. is a nationally published legal writer and adjunct college professor with two other books and nearly 300 published articles to her credit. She pens the career column for The National Jurist, a trade publication for law students and law school faculty and staff, as well as the recent law grad profile column for both Jurist and its sister publication, PreLaw Magazine.

The book offers advice from seasoned lawyers to help new lawyers decide on a career path, find a job, and start their career off right. Readers find tips on choosing the size and type of company to work for, getting hired, relating to their new co-workers, obtaining meaningful assignments, and achieving work-life balance. There is also life outside the office, and this guide helps readers achieve it. Readers also get advice on work-life balance, time and money management, and the efficient use of resources and technology.

Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed addresses various issues and topics that are important to today's recent law graduates and young lawyers: pinpointing their career interests, building marketable skills, increasing their productivity, networking, maintaining work-life balance, and finding the right fit. Most importantly, the book contains valuable tips and advice from many sources familiar with legal careers and starting out as a new lawyer: career services professionals, law school administrators, law firm administrators, recruiters, experienced lawyers and other legal professionals, and young lawyers.

Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed is divided into three parts:

  • Part I includes helpful information about finding and getting the first job; factors to consider in choosing an employer; tips on resumes, interviewing, and meeting potential employers; and information about different legal employers and environments.
  • Part II focuses on succeeding on the job and making the most of the first year: learning on the job as a new lawyer; honing their practical skills; developing lasting professional relationships; interacting with clients, supervisors, peers, and others; getting meaningful assignments; balancing work with the rest of life; honing organizational and time-management skills; becoming more productive and efficient; and representing their firm well on and off the job.
  • Part III offers tips and advice on providing value to a present or potential employer and planning beyond the first year, along with helpful resources for young lawyers.

There are several components in Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed to help readers navigate their first year as a lawyer:

  • The bulleted checklists throughout the book help readers determine what they need to know and consider about important topics they will face as a new lawyer from honing organizational skills to managing their time; from billing to building and developing their book of business.
  • The "Homework" sections at the end of each chapter, as well as additional career worksheets in several chapters, are in place for readers to contemplate and complete; they help readers determine their own preferences, needs, plans, and goals.
  • The "Revealed" sections offer tips, advice, and insights from young lawyers who have weathered the transition from student to attorney.
  • The sections titled "The Answers Revealed" contain information and answers to some of the most pressing questions that law students and new lawyers have, presented in a Q&A format.

Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed offers valuable advice to new lawyers for the graduating law student, the recent law graduate, the young lawyer, or anyone considering a career as a lawyer, the book offers a wealth of important information. This book can serve as a guidebook for success on the job as a new lawyer and beyond, giving readers the advice they need to excel.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity

We Believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church edited by Angelo Di Berardino, series editor Thomas C. Oden (Ancient Christian Doctrine Series, Volume 5: IVP Academic)

When was the church founded? Jesus spoke of the kingdom of God and not of a religious organization subsequently called church. We don't find in the Gospels expressions which make reference to the foundation of a new religious community, a new and distinct community of followers of Jesus. But after the resurrection of Jesus, his followers gather together not only those from the people of Israel but men and women of all nations.

The Nicene Creed is the most authoritative common confession of worldwide Christianity, setting forth Christian beliefs within a Trinitarian framework. The final clauses of the Nicene Creed spell out, briefly and to the point, the church's self-understanding in these early centuries. Angelo Di Berardino in We Believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church assembles a wide range of texts and teachers of the church during these years to enrich readers understanding and deepen Christians faith in the great mysteries.

The Creed quickly hits the four marks of the church that it is one holy catholic and apostolic. What do believers mean by professing each of these? Di Berardino helps them to give an answer with the help of the fathers of the church.

We Believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church closes, as does the Creed, with a consideration of baptism (the traditional entrance for people into the church) and two central features of the church in the future the expectation that all of Gods people will enjoy the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come.

The Ancient Christian Doctrine series is a unique five-volume set. It offers an entry into the sources of early Christian teaching. Following the phrasing of the ancient Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, the series organizes and expounds the commonly held doctrines of the most respected Christian thinkers from the church's formative period from about A.D. 95 to 750.

The international team of editors, translators and consultants for this series reflect the wide breadth of the ecumenical teaching traditions. They have searched, insofar as possible, for those texts that are most widely received generally by the whole church of all generations, East and West, while nor ignoring some of the significant differences among them. The selections have focused on those passages with enduring importance, penetrating significance, cross-cultural applicability and practical relevance.

The Ancient Christian Doctrine series allows us to think with the church about the deepest issues of the Christian faith. Tom Oden and his colleagues have done a superb job in leading us to the wellspring of Christian wisdom with these classic expositions of the evangelical and apostolic tradition. A treasury of learning and faith for all followers of Jesus today. Timothy George, Founding Dean of Beeson Divinity School, Samford University and General Editor of the Reformation Commentate on Scripture

As a professor of systematic theology I often seek to connect the teaching of the current church to the teaching of the church fathers. Tom Oden has done us all a great service in giving us the Ancient Christian Doctrine series, a wonderful sequel to the very successful Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture. The current interest in the church fathers is a positive sign for me that many contemporary believers recognize that we must not be isolated in the twenty-first century from the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude), a faith that the fathers of the church sought to preserve and promulgate. H. Wayne House, Distinguished Research Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies, Faith Evangelical Seminary, Tacoma, Washington

This series extends the ecumenical project begun with the Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, promoting a vital link of communication between today's varied Christian traditions and their common ancient ancestors in the faith.

Pastors, teachers and theological students will find in We Believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church not only a helpful commentary on the Creed but also an exposition of all the traditional theological loci, thus serving to expand their understanding of systematic as well as historical theology. In addition to substantive intellectual argument, selections are pungent, memorable, brief and quotable, rather than extensive technical analyses or detailed editorial opinions.

Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Biographies & Memoirs

Thea's Song: The Life of Thea Bowman by Charlene Smith and John Feister (Orbis Books)

Thea's Song is the authorized biography of a modern-day heroine, one of the most significant figures in modern American Catholicism. The book includes never-before-seen archival writings, interviews, and photographs. Thea's Song was written by Charlene Smith, FSPA, a friend of Thea Bowman for 35 years, who served as Coordinator of the Thea Bowman Legacy and executive editor of Thea News, currently Treasurer of the Thea Bowman Black Catholic Education Foundation and John Feister, former editor at St. Anthony Messenger Press, founding editor of AmericanCatholic.org.
Thea Bowman (1937-1990) was a Black girl born in civil-rights-era Memphis, Mississippi who joined a convent of white Catholic sisters in Wisconsin, and went on to inspire millions. She fought prejudice and brought joy to others even during her struggle with cancer and long after her untimely death in 1990.
Bowmans grandfather's family were freed slaves; she held a PhD in English language and literature. She was an expert on William Faulkner and a gifted vocalist and speaker. Echoing across a Mississippi church leading a schoolchildren's choir or in a northern cathedral filled with people of all races across the United States in one parish or another in New Orleans at the Institute for Black Catholic Studies eventually, on national television, or, even later, stricken with cancer leading "We Shall Overcome" in the halls of the U.S. Catholic bishops written about in newspaper after newspaper all along the way her voice and her presence were unforgettable.

She was Sister Thea Bowman, a black sister and a Catholic, Franciscan sister, one who, as a teen, moved a thousand miles from home, outside of her culture, yet developed a deep sense of her cultural identity nonetheless. As she discovered her identity, the identity of a beautiful, black, Mississippi woman, she couldn't contain it. And people around her couldn't help noticing.

According to Thea's Song, the years after the peak of the civil rights movement, in the 1960s and especially in the 1980s, as the nation grappled with the questions of racial identity and equality, hers became a mesmerizing presence wherever she went. Singing the songs of her African American people with operatic skill, she worked with people of all races to help them to see their own lives in a new light. Through music and reflection, she helped people everywhere she went to explore their identity and to find their deepest humanity.

The balm in Gilead, that Old Testament image of comfort for a people in captivity, was the Spirit that drove her from her Mississippi roots to a Franciscan convent in La Crosse, Wisconsin. It was that Spirit that gave her the comforting, enlivening gift of music, a music that flowed from her to become both a balm and a challenge for others. It was that Spirit that brought her back to Mississippi as an accomplished adult, in 1978, where her career blossomed.

Smith and Feister say in Thea's Song that it is one of life's mysteries that a life so engaging, so promising, could fall to a terminal illness midlife. Yet that is a key part of Bowman's story, one of a black childhood in a majority-black region, among the former plantations of central Mississippi, of formative adulthood in an all-white setting far north of her home, then of a growing national reputation as a beacon of intercultural awareness. It is a story of a person who ultimately said, "Let me live until I die," and showed those around her how to drink deeply of life's promise to the very end, even as she spent her final years struggling against cancer.

Captivating . . . . This is a story that will rivet your attention from beginning to end. Fr. Joseph F. Girzone, author, Joshua

Sister Thea Bowman was a song sung by God. One of the most significant figures in modern Catholicism, Sister Thea was a radiant example of what happens when you let God's joy enter your life decisively. Read this marvelous new biography and meet a woman who will show you what it means, even in the midst of death, to live. James Martin, S.J., author, My Life with the Saints

Thea's Song is the perfectly titled biography of one of the greatest voices in the contemporary American church. While she lived among us, Thea Bowman's ministry of music and joy set countless hearts free to live their lives to the fullest. Her song empowered others to walk in love instead of fear. This book is the perfect read for weary souls who need to keep on steppin', who want to keep the dream alive by singing her song. Brother Mickey McGrath, author/artist, This Little Light: Lessons in Living from Sister Thea Bowman

The authors have chosen a very appropriate title for Thea's biography, for in the words of the psalmist, God put a `new song' in her mouth (Psalm 40), which she continues to sing today, challenging us to be instruments of God's peace and love. Sister Antona Ebo, F.S.M., founding member and past president, National Black Sisters Conference

This captivating biography of a woman beautiful in every way describes a life that is almost hard to believe it is so filled with the adventures of a humble, selfless, brilliant, and highly talented woman. Not only was she a distinguished intellectual, philosopher, and teacher; she was also one of the most outstanding patriots of our times. What is also very moving about her is the tender love she had even with all her busy-ness in the world, to go home and care for her ailing parents. This is a story that will rivet your attention from beginning to end. Fr. Joseph F. Girzone, the Joshua Foundation

Sr. Thea was friend, teacher, and mentor for people of many races and faiths. This perceptive study illuminates why, and introduces Thea for a new generation. Her passionate intelligence and deep faith resonate throughout these pages. The authors make Thea come alive and sing anew. Bryan N. Massingale, S.T.D., President, Catholic Theological Society of America

Thea's Song is an unforgettable story about an unshakable woman of faith. This book is mesmerizing and drenched in inspiration. Bowmans motto, Let me live until I die! comes alive in this enlightening and moving work.

Religion & Spirituality / History / Middle East

Religious Origins of Nations?: The Christian Communities of the Middle East edited by Bas ter Haar Romeny (Brill)

Ethnic identity and nationalist sentiments have the power to mobilize large groups of people. A better understanding of the identity formation and maintenance of these Christian minorities may advance our knowledge of the processes at work in the Middle East and in today's Diaspora.

Though nations are nowadays seen as the product of modernity, comparable processes of community building were taking place even earlier. Thus the history of the Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Syrian Christians shows that close-knit ethnic groups already existed in Late Antiquity and early medieval times. These communities have endured to the present day. However, there is much debate as to how they came into existence and defined themselves. The role of religion is central to this debate.

A major interdisciplinary research project conducted at Leiden University investigated the identity formation of the Syriac Orthodox. It is argued that they started as a religious association. Religious Origins of Nations? presents the results of the Leiden team together with reactions from a number of other specialists. The cases of the East Syrians, Armenians, Copts, Ethiopians, and Byzantine Orthodox are discussed in five additional contributions.

The editor of the volume is Bas ter Haar Romeny, Professor of Old Testament and Eastern Christianity at Leiden University. Contributors include: Naures Atto, Annemarie Weyl Carr, Muriel Debie, Jan van Ginkel, Wim Hofstee, Mat Immerzeel, Steven Kaplan, Theo van Lint, Glenn Peers, Richard Price, Gerrit Reinink, Romeny, Uriel Simonsohn, Bas Snelders, David Taylor, Herman Teule, Jacques van der Vliet, and Dorothea Weltecke.

The Christian communities of the Armenians, Copts, Ethiopians, East Syrians, and Syriac Orthodox are important witnesses to the existence of close-knit ethnic communities in Late Antiquity and the Islamic era. What are important are the different choices which came about as a result of the Christological discussions in the fifth century. In these, the Council of Chalcedon played a pivotal role. On the other hand, historians question the idea that a theological dispute could lead to the emergence of ethnic communities. They believe that ancient ethnic conflicts resurfaced within the theological conflict. Thug Smith acknowledges the importance of religion in processes of identity formation, but does speak about the development of new ethnic communities in the Middle East of the first millennium as a return to the old ethnic symbols and connections. Monotheism, he argues, had broken with the rules of the ancient world where religion and ethnicity went hand in hand, but the old order was restored by the development of new sects. These communities found themselves at the periphery, both physically and with regard to their language.

However, as told in Religious Origins of Nations?, this theory of ethnic revival is problematic, in any case when applied to the Syriac Orthodox community. Originally many of those who opposed the Council of Chalcedon spoke Greek, just as those who were in favor, and some of the adherents of Chalcedon spoke Syriac. They all shared the same territory, which was part of the Byzantine Empire and which was well connected with its center through trade routes. Because of the importance of this community, being one of the few that can be followed

for many centuries, from its very beginnings until today, Romeny says it was timely to reinvestigate the question that formed the title of his article, which could be rephrased as: Can a religious choice indeed be the starting point for an ethnic community and eventually even a nation, or should we assume that the Christian communities of the Middle East have always been of an ethnic nature?

Leiden Universitys historiography, exegesis, and material culture have been used as sources. The more precise terminology of the social sciences is applied to give an accurate description of the origins, developments, and preservation of various characteristics of ethnicity of this group, starting in the fourth century, when no distinct group was visible, up to the thirteenth century, when the group had most of the features of an ethnic community. As an extension to the project, the transformation of this identity in the Diaspora of today has also been considered. The Syriac Orthodox Christian refugees in the Netherlands, Sweden, and Germany intensely debate their identity and some even have nationalist aspirations.

At a symposium held at the castle `Oud Poelgeest' near Leiden on 14-16 December 2007, the Leiden group presented its results and discussed them with a group of experts. The anthropologist Willem Hofstee was asked to comment on the theoretical framework of the project. As experts in the field of Syriac Orthodox exegesis and historiography, David Taylor, Muriel Debi, and Dorothea Weltecke were invited to share their views on the results. Questions of identity and Eastern Christian material culture were dealt with by Annemarie Weyl Carr and Glenn Peers. Other sources for knowledge of the identity formation of the Syriac Orthodox were discussed by Herman Teule and Uriel Simonsohn. Finally, for comparison, Gerrit Reinink, Theo van Lint, Jacques van der Vliet, Steven Kaplan, and Richard Price were also invited as scholars who have done similar work on the East Syrians and the Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Byzantine Orthodox respectively.

Religious Origins of Nations? publishes the results of the Leiden team in the form of an essay together with the contributions presented at the Oud Poelgeest symposium. The cases of the Christian communities in the Middle East also contribute to the theoretical discussion on identity, identity formation, and ethnicity as a whole, as most of them are clear examples of ethnic communities that can be traced to their earliest beginnings.

I am genuinely impressed by this volume; the individual authors have engaged well with the subject. This book will be a very rich contribution to the field. Robert Hoyland, University of Oxford

Religious Origins of Nations? will advance the long-running debate on the origins of Christian communities in the Middle East, especially in Late Antiquity and the Islamic era, and contribute to our understanding of identity formation and maintenance of Christian minorities and of the processes at work in the Middle East.

Science / Biological Sciences / Evolution

What Does It Mean to Be Human? by Richard Potts and Christopher Sloan (National Geographic)

What does it mean to be human? Speaking to audiences across the country about human evolution, Rick Potts often asks people to reflect on what this universal question means to them. Their answers are diverse and sometimes surprising: We create and appreciate beauty.... To damage the world around us and have the choice to care.... I've got the ability to operate a remote control.... Not much hair over our bodies except some people I know.... Knowing that God loves me.... To have thumbs, wonderful thumbs! ... We can remember our ancestors and think of the future.... Every one of these statements reminds us that we all have thoughts and feelings about who we are and where we came from. At the same time, scientists are piecing together evidence that throws new light on the origin of our human species. from the book

What Does It Mean to Be Human? explores this compelling question through the scientific evidence of millions of years of human evolution. The investigation leads from our primate origins to our modern experience as individuals who share an evolutionary history with billions of other human beings. This generously illustrated book tells the story of the human family, showing how our species physical traits and behaviors evolved over millions of years as our ancestors adapted to dramatic environmental changes.
In What Does It Mean to Be Human? Rick Potts, director of the Smithsonians Human Origins Program and curator of anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History, and Chris Sloan, National Geographics paleo-anthropology expert, senior editor and director of mission projects at National Geographic magazine, delve into our distant past to explain when, why, and how we acquired the unique biological and cultural qualities that govern our most fundamental connections and interactions with other people and with the natural world. Drawing on the latest research, they conclude that we are the last survivors of a once-diverse family tree, and that our evolution was shaped by one of the most unstable eras in Earths environmental history.
What Does It Mean to Be Human? is a companion volume to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History David H. Koch Hall of Human Origins, which provides a clear presentation of the latest scientific research on human origins, with an emphasis on the survival challenges inherent in our evolutionary history. The book presents new material especially developed for the Hall of Human Historys displays, from life-like reconstructions of our ancestors sculpted by the acclaimed John Gurche to photographs from National Geographic and Smithsonian archives, along with graphics and illustrations. In coordination with the exhibit opening, the PBS program NOVA will present a related three-part television series, and the museum will launch a website expected to draw 40 million visitors.

In What Does It Mean to Be Human?, readers discover important milestones in our evolutionary journey, each with profound connections to being human. These milestones include walking upright on two legs around 6 million years ago, making stone tools by around 2.6 million years ago, the evolution of big brains between 800,000 and 200,000 years ago, and the emergence of human innovation and creativity within the last 100,000 years. No single milestone reveals what it means to be human the answer lies in the remarkable synergy among all these developments.

Over six million years ago, the first members of the human lineage lived in an ancient African landscape. Evolved from other great apes, early humans would, over subsequent millions of years, become distinct from our simian ancestors in both body and behavior: They walked upright on two legs, thought with large brains, were clever toolmakers, and thrived on a diet rich in nutrients.

As told in What Does It Mean to Be Human?, each species in our family tree faced the survival challenges of their time. Climatic change, shrinking habitat, injury and disease, and competition with other species were just a few of the life-threatening difficulties they confronted. Some of our ancestors endured for millions of years, evidence of the flexibility that has become a hallmark of humanity. All but one species has now died out. Homo sapiens, the lone survivor, is different from earlier species of humans. We live embedded in a world of global communication, rapid innovation, and transformation of nature. Yet even as we reap the benefits of our productivity, we sow the seeds of consequences that are far from completely understood. Just as our ancestors were challenged, so are we. We have come this far. Do we have what it takes to continue to survive?

The question posed by this book and the accompanying exhibition invites readers to see themselves and their humanity in a new way. Immersed in this book, they can contemplate how the scientific clues to human origins have enlarged the answers to this question.

An easy-to-understand synthesis of the latest research on human origins, paired with vibrant images of objects from the Smithsonian exhibit and stunning National Geographic imagery, What Does It Mean to Be Human? is a volume sure to fascinate and intrigue. Up-to-date and packed with information, the volume is also a visual delight, featuring many of the objects in the Smithsonian exhibition and numerous stunning images from National Geographic.

Science / Technology / Policy

Spectrum Management for Science in the 21st Century by the Committee on Scientific Use of the Radio Spectrum, Committee on Radio Frequencies, and National Research Council of the National Academies (The National Academies Press)

Radio observations of the cosmos are gathered by geoscientists using complex earth-orbiting satellites and ground-based equipment, and by radio astronomers using large ground-based radio telescopes. Signals from natural radio emissions are extremely weak, and the equipment used to measure them is becoming ever-more sophisticated and sensitive.
The radio spectrum is also being used by radiating, or active, services, ranging from aircraft radars to rapidly expanding consumer services such as cellular telephones and wireless internet. These valuable active services transmit radio waves and thereby potentially interfere with the receive-only, or passive, scientific services. Transmitters for the active services create an artificial electronic fog which can cause confusion, and, in severe cases, totally blinds the passive receivers.
Both the active and the passive services are increasing their use of the spectrum, and so the potential for interference, already strong, is also increasing. Spectrum Management for Science in the 21st Century addresses the tension between the active services' demand for greater spectrum use and the passive users' need for quiet spectrum. The recommendations included in the volume provide a pathway for putting in place the regulatory mechanisms and associated supporting research activities necessary to meet the demands of both users.

In the early years of the 21st century, policy officials recognized both the need for additional blocks of frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum for new technologies and the desires of existing users to obtain additional bandwidth. A number of activities were begun, with the goals of identifying unused frequencies and suggesting methods by which the regulatory structure could encourage their more efficient use. In June 2002, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) formed the Spectrum Policy Task Force to:

  1. Provide specific recommendations to the FCC for ways in which to evolve the current command-and-control approach to spectrum policy into a more integrated, market-oriented approach that provides greater regulatory certainty while minimizing regulatory intervention; and
  2. Assist the FCC in addressing ubiquitous spectrum issues, including interference protection, spectral efficiency, effective public-safety communications, and implications of international spectrum policies.

The Spectrum Policy Task Force concluded that "while the commission has recently made some major strides in how spectrum is allocated and assigned in some bands, principally through flexible rules and competitive bidding, spectrum policy is not keeping pace with the relentless spectrum demands of the market. The task force has begun the process of reexamining 90 years of spectrum policy to ensure that the commission's policies evolve with the consumer-driven evolution of new wireless technologies, devices, and services.

Recognizing the growing importance of radio observations to their respective missions and the increasing potential for interference from new wireless technologies, NASA, the Department of Commerce, and the National Science Foundation commissioned the National Research Council (NRC) to identify the spectrum needs of today's scientific activities and to assist spectrum managers in balancing the requirements of scientific uses of the spectrum with those of other interests. Spectrum Management for Science in the 21st Century responds to that request. The committee discussed its original charge at length and chose to consider only the passive (receive-only) scientific applications of the radio spectrum, and specifically how the requirements for spectrum could be expected to evolve over the next two decades. This decision did not imply any prioritization of the active versus passive scientific uses of the spectrum, but instead stemmed from the committee's recognition that passive scientific uses involve unique issues and that the committee had a limited amount of time in which to complete its task.

To address its task, the NRC's Committee on Scientific Use of the Radio Spectrum comprising representatives of universities, private industry, and non-profit organizations employed four in-person meetings, four town hall meetings, and numerous teleconferences in the development of its report. The committee's work was aided by presentations from a number of outside experts who provided detailed information at in-person meetings.

The committee focused on three major topics: Earth remote sensing (see Chapter 2), radio astronomy (see Chapter 3), and interference mitigation (see Chapter 4). It conducted an in-depth study of each of the major topics, including the current and expected future status of Earth remote sensing and radio astronomy and applicable radio frequency interference mitigation technologies. The committee developed a series of findings on the basis of the material presented in Spectrum Management for Science in the 21st Century, together with an associated series of recommendations, to help ensure the viability of these scientific endeavors. The findings and recommendations are detailed in Chapter 5 and summarized below. As dictated by the statement of task, the committee did not make recommendations on the allocation of specific frequencies, but it did comment on spectrum use by the relevant scientific communities and how it might be protected in the future.

Finding: Passive remote sensing observations are essential for monitoring Earth's natural systems and are therefore critical to human safety, the day-to-day operations of the government and the private sector, and the policy-making processes governing many sectors of the U.S. economy.

Finding: Radio astronomy has great potential for further fundamental discoveries, including the origins and evolution of the universe, the nature of matter, and life in other solar systems, which will have an enormous impact on our understanding of fundamental physics and the place of humanity in the universe.

Recommendation: Recognizing that the national investment in passive radio astronomy and Earth remote sensing is dependent on access to the radio spectrum, the committee recommends that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) ensure that access to spectrum for passive radio and microwave observations of Earth environmental variables and radio astronomical observations of the sky is protected in the development of future spectrum policy.

Technological innovations continue to increase the utility of the radio spectrum. The advent of new technologies designed to exploit the diversity of the radio spectrum in space, frequency, polarization, and time will increase the efficiency of its use. However, the current means for managing spectrum use must be changed, as the current policies threaten to thwart scientific discovery, diminish the usefulness of critical environmental observations, and limit economic growth because of the inefficient use of finite spectral resources. Therefore, new spectrum management policies need to be explored for the sake of ensuring these critical national capabilities.

Finding: Radio wave bands (10 MHz to 3 THz) are indispensable for collecting information associated with specific astronomical and environmental phenomena. Often the same bands are equally indispensable for both passive Earth remote sensing and radio astronomy, and the passive nature of both services enables them to share the spectrum productively. Currently, 2.07 percent of the spectrum below 3 GHz is allocated to the RAS and EESS on a primary basis, and 4.08 percent is allocated on a secondary basis (measured in hertz).

Finding: Important scientific inquiry and applications enabled by the Earth Exploration-Satellite Service and the Radio Astronomy Service are significantly impeded or precluded by radio frequency interference (RFI). Such RFI has reduced the societal and scientific return of EESS and RAS observatories and necessitates costly interference mitigation, which is often insufficient to prevent damage from RFI.

Finding: Better utilization of the spectrum and reduced RFI for scientific as well as commercial applications are possible with better knowledge of actual spectrum usage. Progress toward these goals would be made by gathering more information through improved and continuous spectral monitoring. This would be beneficial to both the commercial and the scientific communities.

Recommendation: The Department of Commerce/National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), in collaboration with the National Science Foundation (NSF), NASA, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), should spearhead the development of a national spectrum assessment system that measures the radio frequency (RF) environment with appropriately high resolution in time, space, and frequency for purposes of spectrum development and management, based on the spectral and spatial density of emitters.

The next generation of spectrum management policies must enable better sharing of the spectrum as well as diminishing the impact that users have on the RF spectrum. This can be done by exploiting currently available technologies and hastening the development of nascent technologies. New policies should encourage:

        The development of the means for direct interaction between active and passive spectrum users to protect current and future scientific uses of the spectrum. The nation needs to provide the policies that will make the spectrum more useful and productive for all users.

Recommendation: The EESS and RAS communities should be provided additional support through NSF, NASA, and NOAA to increase their participation in spectrum management forums within the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), FCC, NTIA, and other organizations. The goal of such participation is to foster outreach, advance the understanding of interference and regulation issues, and initiate mutual cooperation for interference mitigation.

        The development and implementation of technology to address RFI for current and future satellite systems to ensure that the national investment in scientific uses of the spectrum is preserved.

Recommendation: Investment in the development of mitigation technology should be increased so that it is commensurate with the costs of data denial that result from the use of systems without mitigation. To this end, NSF and NASA should support research and development for unilateral RFI mitigation technology in both EESS and RAS systems. NASA, NOAA, and the Department of Defense should require that appropriate RFI analyses and tests and practical RFI mitigation techniques be applied to all future satellite systems carrying passive microwave sensors.

A regulatory environment that enables sharing the spectrum in both space and time. This is a win-win scenario that will enable additional scientific uses without impacting commercial development.

Recommendation: The NSF, NASA, and NTIA should jointly support research and development for cooperative RFI mitigation techniques and the associated forums and outreach necessary to enable the development of standards for greater spectral utilization and interference avoidance.

Recommendation: As cooperative spectrum-sharing techniques come into use, NSF and NASA spectrum managers should work with the regulatory agencies to enable observations that require an extremely wide spectral range. Such observations would provide a useful metric for the effectiveness of spectrum-sharing techniques for the passive services.

These new initiatives are not easy, nor will they make success a certainty. It will take a national effort to understand clearly the needs of both communities, scientific and commercial, and to motivate each to make the choices necessary to enable greater access for each to the radio spectrum. The next generation of scientific users of the radio spectrum needs to be afforded the capacity to develop the technology to seek new horizons.

Recommendation: The Office of Science and Technology Policy should create a new, permanent, representative technology advisory body to identify technical and regulatory opportunities for improving spectrum sharing among all active and passive users, both governmental and nongovernmental.

It would be in the strongest interests of the nation to ensure that access to spectrum for scientific purposes is maintained during the coming decades. The committee's recommendations provide a pathway for putting in place the regulatory mechanisms and associated supporting research activities necessary to accomplish this important task. The committee believes that such a pathway will also lead to greater efficiency in the active use of the spectrum, which should benefit all direct and indirect consumers of wireless telecommunications and data services.

Spectrum Management for Science in the 21st Century lays the foundation of an effort to identify the spectrum needs of radio astronomy and Earth remote sensing, to identify the benefits of these two activities, and to develop practical, forward-looking approaches to spectrum access that are needed to ensure the necessary conditions for their important observations.


Science / Technology / Reference

Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication edited by Margaret N. Hundleby and Jo Allen, series editor Charles H. Sides (Technical Communications Series: Baywood Publishing Company)
This collection of essays focuses on both how and why assessment serves as a key element in the teaching and practice of technical and professional communication. The collection is organized into a dual approach: on the one hand, it offers a landscape view of the activities involved in assessment, examining how it works at institutional, program, and classroom levels; on the other, it surveys the implications of using assessment for formulating, maintaining, and extending the teaching and practice of technical communication. Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication is as inclusive as is feasible for its size, demonstrating the global operation of assessment in the field. For this reason, descriptions of assessment practice lead to examinations of some key feature of the landscape captured by the term 'technical communication'. The volume also retains the public and cooperative approach that has characterized technical communication from the beginning. To achieve this, the book represents a 'conversation', with contributors chosen from among practicing technical communication teachers and scholars; and the chapters set up pairs of opening statement and following response. The overriding purpose of the book is to invite the whole community into the conversation about assessment in technical communication. Editors are Margaret Hundleby, who teaches in the Engineering Communication Program at the University of Toronto, and Jo Allen, Senior Vice President and Provost at Widener University.

Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication addresses the state of assessment of learning in Technical and Professional Communication. On the one hand, writing has played such a crucial, universal role in assessing all sorts of student learning outcomes that the practitioners bear some legitimacy from a sense of history and longevity. On the other hand, assessment in the field has suffered both from irregular attention to its status in overall practice and from uncertainty about productive and authentic strategies.

Despite the distinctive progress made toward establishing Technical Communication as a recognizable, stable, and highly able field especially in recent years it has not developed the fully functioning assessment practices that would mark our ability to explain the discipline and practices to the rest of the academic world or commercial enterprise, or to demonstrate efficient and effective use of resources in a knowledge-making society.

Hundleby and Allen in the foreword to Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication say they seek to capitalize on the reciprocal relationship between theory and practice in most literacy efforts. They want readers to think about practice as they look toward theory, and to think about the theoretical underpinnings that begin to emerge as they examine the results of day-to-day assessment practice. The chapters together and separately aim at inviting all teachers/assessors to think about fit for the context in which they operate, both local and global. This approach underscores the interconnectedness between all possible pairings of concepts and practitioners that defines the field.

The selection of contents reflects a conviction about areas that need the most attention at this initial stage. These have been chosen for their resonance with Technical Communication practice as they know it and with an eye to drawing on the experience of a number of colleagues who have been doing this work over a sustained period of time. They have assembled a wide-ranging conversation that foregrounds what strategies often work, what outcomes can usually be expected, and what further implications are likely to appear the most natural possible benefit of naturalistic inquiry.

What readers can do with Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication will depend on what they need to take up in the context of their own work and goals. A number of different kinds of strategies offered: some fall into the operational category, where readers will find conversations about both formative goals developing course content, modifying and improving design, and fitting work to the local context; and summative approaches valuing outcomes, warranting entities, and certifying for local use. Others fall into the evaluative camp, including exchanges on determining merit, or global (disciplinary) sufficiency/degree and on determining worth through local (course and program) valuation. All go well beyond the consideration of evaluation and assessment as audit undertakings, limited to taking an inventory of what is present. Instead, they exhibit a well-grounded understanding of the continuing need for situated interaction and informed negotiation that "treats social, cultural and political features as the properties of all human circumstance" and makes them a central part of the evaluation process.

To maintain the dynamic of conversation while recording the outcomes of the evaluation inquiries featured in Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication, they have emphasized pairing, though not necessarily actual dialogue. The first section features the most complicated instance of this arrangement, consisting of two chapters each, with a single essay giving an account of both the specific activities and the specific complexities that underlie the daily round of evaluating students. Taken separately, each explores the scene and actions of a major evaluation project. Taken in tandem, the pair provides a multidimensional look at how the ultimate operation and value of assessment depends on the viewpoint(s) established, the actors involved, and the outcomes sought. Seeing the two discussions in proximity, readers have the opportunity to build historical awareness of their roles as agents, of the consequences of their actions in using given techniques for evaluation, and of the overriding need to be aware of the purpose of what they are doing, as they do it.

Following this beginning, the subsequent sections are organized as a single chapter each, but as ones containing two accounts that form a reciprocal pair: one initiates the conversation by addressing a topic from a chosen viewpoint, and the other may respond, extend, extrapolate, redirect, or otherwise react to what has been articulated all in the spirit of conversing on the topic of assessment. In the first of the chapter pairs, for example, Jo Allen and Paul Anderson draw on their individual and collective wealth of experience to reinforce observations on the role of assessment in institutional accountability. Similar questions of assessment as part of both internal and external accountability Cargile Cook/Zachry and Dubinsky on portfolios and Carter and Youra on, respectively, an accrediting agency and professional governance highlight the importance and impact of accounting for the context of the assessment and the purpose of its proceedings. Whether the pairs are closely aligned, as in Jablonski/Nagelhout's and Hart-Davidson's presentations of how assessment acts as a spinal column for the design of program conduct and content, or diverge as widely as do Coppola/Elliot's account of their empirical study of assessing graduate students and Savage's observations on the intellectual and political implications inherent in a seemingly straightforward undertaking.

The last section of Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication examines assessment undertakings not so much by direct exchange as by parallel accounts of the action carried out from different, and distinctive, viewpoints. Thus we have Starke-Meyerring/Andrews and Bosley's documentation of the opportunities and pitfalls of conducting assessment across cultural divides. One occurs between the United States and Canada, where a North American orientation draws students and faculty together in terms of operation, but also questions the character of expectations for outcomes. The other, set between the United States and France, emphasizes the effect of differences in procedural concerns, while aligning fairly closely on what their consequences will be. And finally, in the Afterword, Dragga explores the often-overlooked ethical aspects of the work, with "[its] fluidity of data, the sifting of information, and the dynamics of practice," as readers are challenged to make meaningful judgments about it.

The Hundleby and Allen collection does a couple of vital things. For the professional and technical communication discipline, it offers a set of starting points for critical dialogue on the role and meaningfulness of assessment that helps demonstrate the field's evolving maturity, as well as its usefulness as either a tool or a model in measuring the successes of other disciplines. For the work of assessment, it offers an exemplary range of assessment approaches for academic programs that are not monitored, or driven, by accreditation requirements. As such, this work represents the depth of conversations that faculty and their administrators can have about where their courses and programs are and where they need to be in the commitment to continuous improvement. Marilee Bresciani, author, Outcomes-Based Academic and Co-Curricular Program Review

Although the coverage is hardly exhaustive, the conversation initiated in Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication makes it possible to enter into and continue the consideration of assessment in Technical Communication that has needed attention for quite a while. It opens up further possibilities for an improved understanding of evaluation as a process. It offers teachers, students, scholars, and practitioners alike evidence of the increasingly valuable role of assessment in the field, as it supports and enriches both thinking and practice.

Sociology / Education / Law / Biographies & Memoirs

I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine: Tales of Kids in Adult Lockup by David Chura (Beacon Press)

Since the early 1990s, thanks to inflamed rhetoric in the media about super-predators and a wave of get-tough-on-crime laws, the number of juveniles in prison has risen by 35 percent, according to the U.S. Department of Justice, and their placement in adult prison has increased by 208 percent, according to a 2007 survey by the Campaign for Youth. Every state except Nebraska has passed laws making it easier to prosecute youth under eighteen as adults, and most states have legalized harsher sentences for juveniles.

Author David Chura, now a lecturer and advisor on incarcerated youth, taught high school in a New York county penitentiary for ten years and saw these young people and the effects of laws on them up close. In I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine he introduces readers to the real kids behind the hysteria: vibrant, animated kids full of humor and passion; kids who were born into families broken up and beaten down by drugs, gang violence, AIDS, poverty, and abuse. He also introduces readers to wardens, correctional officers, family members, and doctors, and shows how everyone in this world is a child of disappointment.

As told in I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine, Westchester County jail made headlines in November 2009, when the Department of Justice filed a 42-page report accusing the prison of violating the constitutional rights of its inmates. Key findings concluded that the jail "failed to adequately protect inmates from physical harm caused by excessive force used by staff and failed to provide adequate medical and mental health care, particularly with respect to juveniles housed in the jail's punitive segregation unit, all resulting in unconstitutional living conditions."

Moving beyond the reports and statistics, Chura takes readers through prison classrooms, high-security blocks, isolation cells and visiting rooms. Mr. C., as he is known by his students, introduces readers to Ayesha, whose own mother didn't bother to name her when she was born and Jonathan, whose family kicked him out of the house and left him with nothing more than a few clothes and a cardboard box. "Sometimes I feel that being born was my fault," confesses Ray, an inmate who was raised by an aunt who locked him in a room with only a pitcher of water to drink and a jar to urinate in.

Chura also gives voice to the correctional officers, who spend the better part of their day pacing the prison halls, some disillusioned by the system, most simply hardened by the system. Readers meet Warden Clooney, a gruff and unsympathetic officer who hates civilians just as much as he hates inmates. "In all the years I been in the Department of Corrections, I've never seen anybody `corrected,' not a goddamn one. All human garbage," he barks at the new prison staff on orientation day. As Chura learns the CO's stories, he quickly realizes that the problems the kids in prison wrestle with economic hardship, drugs and alcohol, abandonment, abuse, family stress wasn't much different from the issues the officers deal with in their personal lives.

Abuse and harassment at the hands of the officers certainly harden the inmates, but it is the special housing unit, or the SHU, Chura reveals in I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine, that breaks their spirits. The SHU is the jail's new, multi-million dollar, state of the art maximum security isolation block for Westchester's worst inmates. At first glance, Chura sees the new block as a positive environment sanitized and serene, free of "the smell of sweat, shit, piss, sex, and bad breath." However, upon visiting some of his students who were thrown into the isolation cells for months at time, Chura notices a change in them. "They listened to me, they studied my face, they begged me to come back, they watched me leave, because they were hungry, hungry for words, hungry for sounds, hungry for the sight of people, any stimulation that broke their solitude."

Chura asks readers to question the treatment of children in today's justice system. The stories he shares of the men and women, the inmates and uniformed staff, are a reminder that there is no line that divides us and them, "the haves and the have-nots ... the keepers and the kept ... the right and the wrong, the good and the bad." We all live on common ground and to a certain extent, "we are all children of disappointment."

Powerful . . . I hope some of the leaders of the Obama administration will pay attention to these gripping stories and will wake our country up before it is too late. Jonathan Kozol, author of Savage Inequalities

These young people hurt and hardened have become the icons of our times, and they cry out for Divine intervention. But its not what God has done to them, finally; its what weve done to ourselves. Read this book and know we must do better. William Ayers, author of A Kind and Just Parent

A painfully honest window into the hearts and minds of youth who are incarcerated and the keepers who are responsible for their safety and security. David Chura has crafted a terrific book: its at once riveting and enriching, and by its end, youll insist upon a more humane and effective approach to young offenders. Sunny Schwartz, author of Dreams from the Monster Factory

I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine is a light shining in the hearts of locked-up kids sleepwalking past the buried treasure they are and may never find. From his long and devoted work in prisons trying to breathe life into these hearts, Mr. C is able to speak with authority and eloquence about how the American correctional system can almost bring the saintly to their knees. A book for anyone interested in the hardship and struggle, and (strangely) innate joy, involved in human transformation. Dennis Sullivan, coauthor of Restorative Justice

As U.S. courts send more than 250,000 minors each year into adult prisons... Chura's anguished, incisive depiction of one of those outposts is not merely an indictment of the system. It's a compelling call to repair our society's brokenness. Youth Today

[Chura] recalls the raw, gritty emotions of young men with little education and few options, exercising sometimes violent and childish outlets for all that wild, pent-up adolescent energy.... Chura offers a compelling personal look at the failings of the juvenile justice system. Booklist

In language that carries the grit of the street and the expansiveness of poetry, this important book offers a compelling look at the failing juvenile justice system. A lifelong teacher of at-risk and incarcerated youth, Chura in I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine gives voice to the children behind bars, the often feared super-predators, who were born into families beaten down by drugs, gang violence, AIDS, poverty and abuse.

Womens Studies / History / Biographies & Memoirs / Literary

Jane's Fame: How Jane Austen Conquered the World by Claire Harman (Henry Holt and Company)

"Part of the reason why [Jane Austen] pleases us so much now," writes Claire Harman," is that she was, for years, pleasing only herself."

Mention Jane Austen and the mentioner is likely to incite a slew of fervent opinions from anyone within earshot. Regarded as a brilliant social satirist by scholars, Austen also enjoys the sort of popular affection usually reserved for girl-next-door movie stars, leading to the paradox of an academically revered author who has served as the inspiration for chick lit (The Jane Austen Book Club) and modern blockbusters (Becoming Jane).

Claire Harman, author of Jane's Fame, is the author of Sylvia Townsend Warner, which won the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize; Fanny Burney, which was short-listed for the Whitbread Prize, and the critically acclaimed Robert Louis Stevenson. Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2006, Harman teaches at the universities of Manchester and Oxford in England and Columbia University in New York City.

The slow growth of Jane Austen's fame, from niche interest in the mid-nineteenth century to a figure who makes a fascinating story that adds significantly to our image of the beloved novelist. Beginning with Austen's struggle to break into print, Harman's biography explores the rise of interest in Divine Jane fifty years after her death, her adoption as a favorite subject for scholarly scrutiny in the twentieth century, and the eruption of her current global fame, through film and the Internet as much as through her books. How did a young woman who wrote of three or four families in a Country Village come to influence statesmen, anarchists, romance writers, critics, readers in dozens of languages, and now enjoy almost continuous revival? Readers find out in Jane's Fame. Here readers get the complete biography and the lasting cultural impact. Tracing the rise and fall and rise of Austen's reputation against a larger historical backdrop, Harman chronicles the World War I-era worshipping Janeites; assessments of Austen that minimized her as an accidental artist; and modern post-feminist criticism that, in exploring her politics, sexual and otherwise, has placed Austen in several mutually exclusive spheres at once.

Diverting anecdotes pepper award-winning British biographer Harman's (Myself and the Other Fellow: A Life of Robert Louis Stevenson) sharp and scholarly analysis of Jane Austen's life and the posthumous exploitation of her as a global brand having everything to do with recognition and little to do with reading. Harman notes that film versions have taken liberties with and overshadowed Austen's books, concluding that [o]ne of the horrible ironies of Austen's currency in contemporary popular culture is that she is referenced so freely in discussions of 'empowerment,' 'girl power,' and all the other travesties of womanly self-fashioning that stand in for feminism today. Yet it is impossible to imagine a time when she or her works could have delighted us long enough. Harman herself delights with this comprehensive catalogue of Austen-mania. Publishers Weekly, starred review

There is much to divert and please in Claire Harmans well-blended biography and cultural commentary, Jane's Fame. Harman, an award-winning biographer, turns her sharp scholarly eye, acutely sensible prose and considerable wit on the life of the divine Jane in this gem of a book, tracing Austens early years and literary pursuits through to the present-day cult of Austenmania.... This biography-history fills in many blanks, brimming with entertaining anecdotes and quotes, robust scholarship and ironic humor. Alison Hood, BookPage

A must for Austen bibliophiles. Kirkus Reviews

Wonderful Not only scholarly, but indecently entertaining.... Her prose rings with good sense, affection and humour. Daily Mail

An exhilarating look at the rise of Divine Janes worldwide influence. Harman charts its course with wit and style, as well as scholarly precision, making this a book that no Austen addict will want to resist. Literary Review

Deft, elegant a happy blend of critical insight and narrative bounce. Kathryn Hughes, Guardian

Beautifully researched, fascinating. The Scotsman

A fascinating compendium of absolutely everything relating to Austen.... Extraordinary. Independent on Sunday

Harman unpicks the cultural and sexual fantasies at the heart of Jane fandom with great skill. The material [she] has deftly put together makes two things strikingly apparent: no reading of Jane, however seemingly wayward, is a misreading; and Austens major effect is to inspire good writing. Daily Telegraph

Harmans narrative is brisk and incisive, and her emphases distinctive and provocative. She invites us to conceive of Austen both as a dedicated writer and also a hard-nosed one We never tire of reading or writing about Austen, and all the ever-ramifying epiphenomena she generates do deliver real pleasure. Jane's Fame both chronicles and exemplifies this tirelessness, and readers will take pleasure in it accordingly. Times Literary Supplement

In Jane's Fame, Harman provides the complete biography of both the author and her lasting cultural influence making this essential reading for anyone interested in Austens life, works, and remarkably potent fame.

 

Contents this Issue:

Get Connected: The Social Networking Toolkit for Business by Starr Hall and Chadd Rosenberg (Entrepreneur Press)

Sport Club Management by Matthew J. Robinson (Human Kinetics)

Overlay Networks: Toward Information Networking by Sasu Tarkoma (Auerbach Publications, CRC Press)

Against the Odds: Insights from One District's Small School Reform by Larry Cuban, Gary Lichtenstein, Arthur Evenchik, and Martin Tombari (Harvard Education Press)

Beethoven's Tempest Sonata: Perspectives of Analysis and Performance edited by Pieter Berg, co-edited by Jeroen D'hoe & William E. Caplin (Analysis in Context. Leuven Studies in Musicology Series: Peeters)

The Complete Practical Encyclopedia of Fitness Training: Body-Shape, Stamina, Power by Andrew Wadsworth (Lorenz Books)

Forensic Psychology by Jack Kitaeff (Prentice Hall)

Techniques of Hypnotic Induction by George Gafner (Crown House Publishing)

Mindsight: The New Science of Personal Transformation by Daniel J. Siegel (Bantam)

Becoming Normal: An Ever-Changing Perspective by Mark Edick (Central Recovery Press)

Tattoos on the Heart: The Power of Boundless Compassion by Gregory Boyle (Free Press)

Army Life: From a Soldiers Journal: Incidents, Sketches and Record of a Union Soldiers Army Life, in Camp and Field. 1861-64 by A. O. Marshall, edited by Robert G. Schultz, with series editors T. Michael Parrish and Daniel E. Sutherland (The Civil War in the West Series: The University of Arkansas Press)

A Nation Forged in War: How World War II Taught Americans to Get Along by Thomas A. Bruscino, series editor G. Kurt Piehler (Legacies of War Series: The University of Tennessee Press)

Jack the Ripper's Secret Confession: The Hidden Testimony of Britain's First Serial Killer by David Monaghan and Nigel Cawthorne (Skyhorse Publishing)

Design Art Deco Quilts: Mix & Match Simple Geometric Shapes by Don Linn (C&T Publishing)

Cottages in the Sun: Bungalows of Venice, California by Margaret Bach, with photography by Melba Levick (Rizzoli International Publications)

Storytelling and Drama: Exploring Narrative Episodes in Plays by Hugo Bowles, with series editors Sonia Zyngier and Willie van Peer (Linguistic Approaches to Literature Series, Volume 8: John Benjamins Publishing Company)

Losing Charlotte: A Novel by Heather Clay (Alfred A. Knopf)

Defining Conservatism: The Principles That Will Bring Our Country Back by Jonathan Krohn, with a foreword by William Bennett (Vanguard Press)

Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens, 3rd Edition by Gail Damerow (Storey Publishing)

Your First Year as a Lawyer Revealed: Secrets, Opportunities, and Success! by Ursula Furi-Perry (Jist Works)

We Believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church edited by Angelo Di Berardino, series editor Thomas C. Oden (Ancient Christian Doctrine Series, Volume 5: IVP Academic)

Thea's Song: The Life of Thea Bowman by Charlene Smith and John Feister (Orbis Books)

Religious Origins of Nations?: The Christian Communities of the Middle East edited by Bas ter Haar Romeny (Brill)

What Does It Mean to Be Human? by Richard Potts and Christopher Sloan (National Geographic)

Spectrum Management for Science in the 21st Century by the Committee on Scientific Use of the Radio Spectrum, Committee on Radio Frequencies, and National Research Council of the National Academies (The National Academies Press)

Assessment in Technical and Professional Communication edited by Margaret N. Hundleby and Jo Allen, series editor Charles H. Sides (Technical Communications Series: Baywood Publishing Company)

 I Don't Wish Nobody to Have a Life Like Mine: Tales of Kids in Adult Lockup by David Chura (Beacon Press)

Jane's Fame: How Jane Austen Conquered the World by Claire Harman (Henry Holt and Company)