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HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities by Viviane Namaste, Tamara Vukov, Nada Saghie, Robin Williamson, Jacky Vallee, M. LaFreniere, M. Leroux, Andrea Monette, and Joseph Jean-Gilles (University of Toronto Press)
Arts & Photography
Figure Photography: Techniques for Digital Photographers by Billy Pegram (Amherst Media, Inc.)
Walking photographers through the process of capturing the many possibilities of the human form, this guide presents the techniques for shooting figure images that make a statement, grab attention, and create an emotional impact. Professional model photographer Billy Pegram in Figure Photography begins by explaining core concepts such as lighting, location, exposure, and styling that are integral to any type of figure image. He then explores a wide variety of specialized genres of figure photography, including commercial, fashion, boudoir, erotic, fine art, glamour, and pin-up, demonstrating the unique hallmarks and techniques that are essential to these styles. Figure Photography provides behind-the-scenes looks at a variety of assignments, covered from concept to execution, showing how each image was imagined, the decisions that went into the styling of the set and model, how the pose was developed and refined, the lighting setup used to capture the desired mood, and any postproduction techniques used to enhance the final results.
Readers learn how to:
Figure Photography is structured in such a way that it allows readers to assist models in developing their own style in the modeling world. They see examples of several different categories of figure work and the qualities associated with them.
Simple tricks of the trade will enable you to bring out the best in every subject. This comprehensive book will quickly prove its worth. – Shutterbug magazine
The solid content and remarkable images ...
make this book a must for any photographer considering the portrait
profession. – Photo-seminars.com
This is well written and well illustrated. – Patrick Rice, professional photographer and author, Master Guide for Professional Photographers
Figure Photography contains a great deal of practical information for working with models and clients. It assists photographers in pre-visualizing their figure work and creating figure images that have a purpose. It helps professional and hobbyist photographers alike create more pleasing images. Pegram shows readers how to design nude and semi-nude images that are both creatively challenging and marketable. From location selection, to lighting and posing, to image-design concepts for specialized markets, readers master the process from start to finish.
Audio / Self-Help
Deep Sleep by Jeffrey Thompson (Sounds True)
Deep Sleep is a clinically proven musical system to help listeners fall asleep, stay asleep, and wake up rejuvenated.
Jeffrey Thompson's breakthrough musical system, developed over 20 years of clinical research, is proven to lead listeners to deep and restful sleep. His approach, based on brain science and sleep research, uses unique recording processes that naturally alter brainwaves to induce deep, rejuvenating sleep. Listeners simply listen – on headphones or any stereo speakers – and their brainwaves ‘lock on’ to inaudible pulses embedded in the soundtrack that quiet the mind and ease them into sleep.
Over 1 million individuals worldwide use Thompson's audio programs. Thompson's programs are used by Fortune 500 companies, health care professionals, and individuals in 26 countries. Thompson began experimenting with sound and its effects on the body and brain in 1981. In 1988, he established the Center for Neuroacoustic Research in Encinitas, California. His clinical research with thousands of patients led to groundbreaking discoveries in how sound frequency patterns built into musical soundtracks can entrain brainwaves and trigger numerous health benefits.
The collection of recordings on Deep Sleep features Thompson's brainwave system embedded in soothing musical soundtracks and in pristine recordings of nature. The musical compositions are by Joseph Nagler, professor of music therapy and former director of research at New York University's Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine.
Included in Deep Sleep are:
Children’s Books / Travel & Cultures / Asian American
Paper Son: Lee's Journey to America by Helen Foster James, Virginia Shin-Mui Loh, illustrated by Wilson Ong (Tales of Young Americans Series: Sleeping Bear Press)
Tai handed Lee an orange. Inside the orange peel was a note.
“Where did you get this?”
Tai said, “My father paid kitchen help to pass this to me. Can you read it?” – from the book
In 1926 in Paper Son, 12-year-old Fu Lee lives with his grandparents in a small village in China. He lives with his grandparents because his parents are dead. It is a difficult life but made easier by the love Lee shares with his grandparents.
But now Lee must leave all that he knows.
Before his parents died, they spent all of their money buying a ‘paper son slot’ for Lee to go to America. Being a ‘paper son’ means pretending to be the son of a family already in America. If he goes, he will have the chance for a better life. But first he must pass the test at Angel Island Immigration Station in San Francisco. Only then will he be allowed to live with his new family. If Lee makes even a single mistake, he could be sent back to China. Lee knows his grandparents want a better life for him. He can't let them down.
The Tales of Young Americans series, including Paper Son, brings important periods of American history home to young readers and their families. In this award-winning series, pivotal moments in American history are shared through the experiences of memorable, young characters.
Authors are Dr. Helen Foster James, a former teacher and coordinator of library media services and Dr. Virginia Shin-Mui Loh, a published author, university professor, and former K – 8 school teacher. Illustrator Wilson Ong is an internationally exhibited artist.
Computers & Technology / Business & Investing / Technical Support
Bring Your Own Devices (BYOD) Survival Guide by Jessica Keyes (An Auerbach Book, CRC Press)
Where end-users once queued up to ask the IT
department for permission to buy a new computer or a new version of
software, they are now bypassing IT altogether and buying it on
their own. From laptops and smartphones to iPads and virtually
unlimited software apps, end-users have tasted their freedom and
love it. IT will never be the same.
Bring Your Own Devices (BYOD) Survival Guide explains the psycho-techno phenomenon also known as ‘bring your own technology’ (BYOT). Providing the guidance necessary for living in this new world, it describes the new end-users and their demands, as well as the strategic and tactical ramifications of these demands.
Examining the business aspects of BYOD – selection, purchasing, and corporate culture – the book covers the broad range of technical considerations including selection, connectivity, training, support, and security. It also includes an extensive set of best practices.
The author is Jessica Keyes, president of New Art Technologies, Inc., currently professor of computer science at Fairleigh Dickinson University's graduate center as well as the University of Phoenix, where she is the Area Chair for Programming and Operating Systems.
The roots of BYOD can be traced back to the consumerization of all things tech, where technical wizardry is no longer purely the domain of the geek who works for the IT department. Geeks can now be found all over the organization. Many of them are Millennials, the first generation to grow up with computers from birth. These workers want to make their own technology choices, whether those choices are on the ‘approved’ list or not. Whether the company pays for it or not.
But BYOD cannot be considered apart from the rest of the enterprise. It must be properly integrated into the organization's IT infrastructure, including its information assets. Thus, Keyes spends some time in addressing topics such as content and data management, risk assessment, performance measurement and management, and even configuration management.
BYOD Survival Guide comes with a set of Quick Start guides, which provide tips for such things as assessing costs, cloud integration, and even legal issues. There is also a full set of appendices that include information on everything from security settings for Apple iOS devices to a sample employee mobile device agreement.
Bring Your Own Devices (BYOD) Survival Guide provides the guidance necessary for living in the brave new world of BYOD.
The book is geared for the small- to medium-size enterprises (SME) that need to integrate BYOD into their environment. Since the typical SME does not have the formalized infrastructure that a larger organization might have, Keyes spends quite a bit of time going over the basics of typical controlling methodologies and discuss how BYOD fits into the picture. Larger organizations may benefit from this discussion as well.
Cooking, Food & Wine / Memoirs
Paris to Provence: Childhood Memories of Food & France by Ethel Brennan and Sara Remington (Andrews McMeel Publishing)
Paris to Provence is a culinary travelogue of separate summers spent in France, interweaving a collection of simple recipes with evocative memories and stories of those years.
Though their adventures happened nearly a decade apart, as adults, Ethel Brennan, a writer and photography stylist, and Sara Remington, an award-winning food and travel photographer, found they had explored the same French traditions along the hundreds of kilometers from Paris to Provence. From Parisian bistros and cafes to French truck stops, the authors drew from their shared memories of the places, foods, and ingredients they experienced during summer travels with their families. In markets, cafés, truck stops, bakeries, bistros, and French family homes, the girls experienced their first taste of France, recreated in Paris to Provence through recipes, stories, and photographs.
Paris to Provence features more than 50 recipes for desserts, side dishes, main dishes, and snacks – each conveying the importance of French mealtimes with casual simplicity.
Inspired by her memories of truck stop lunches sitting next to tables of grizzled truckers, Brennan gives readers Steak au Poivre à la Sauce aux Morilles (pepper steak with morels). Remington’s whimsical game of using her asparagus as soldiers’ spears to guard her food from her sister is the source of her recipe for Les Soldats (soft-boiled eggs and fresh asparagus spears). Lingering over late-night dinners with grown-ups and listening in on their stories of the resistance and wild boar hunts inspired Brennan’s recipe for Fraises au Vin Rouge (strawberries in red wine syrup). Rosemary and its powerful scent, first discovered by Remington while hiking with her family in the Luberon Mountains in the south of France, infuses her recipe for Cotes d’Agneau Grillées au Romarin (grilled lamb chops with rosemary). From Îles Flottantes (poached meringues in crème anglaise) to Escargots (snails in garlic butter), and from Merguez (spicy grilled lamb sausage patties) to Ratatouille (summer vegetable stew), each recipe reflects Remington and Brennan’s childhood experiences. Readers are also urged to try Tomates Provençales (Oven-Baked Tomatoes) or Beignets de Fleurs de Courgettes (Zucchini Blossom Fritters) for a light lunch, or Citron Givré (Sorbet-Filled Lemons) to cool down on a hot summer afternoon.
This beautiful mémoire will beguile everyone who loves France and should be essential reading for anyone going there for the first time. Ethel and Sara have captured a beloved place through the rosy, whimsical, wacky, tender, and honest lens of childhood. Forget three-star dining and luxury travel; this is the France that I love and remember with pleasure. The recipes are simple and soul satisfying – from café fare and home cooking to street food and a village feast. I was enchanted with the evocative photos and charmed by every memory. – Alice Medrich, author of Sinfully Easy Delicious Desserts
To read Paris to Provence is to take a beautiful and wonderfully nostalgic journey to the France of my childhood, the France of sweet dreams. If you’ve ever had your soul captured by the magic that exists in the lighter side of la France profonde, and if you have a sensitivity toward joyful moments created around food, family, and friends, then Paris to Provence is for you. It’s a lovely book filled with classic and simple yet delicious French recipes. Somebody needs to open a restaurant here in the United States that uses this book to inspire its menu. I’d eat there at least once a week! – William Widmaier, author of A Feast at the Beach
Paris to Provence is a culinary travelogue with simple dishes, magical photography, and whimsical storytelling that appeal to the curious, hungry traveler in us all. Every recipe, story, and photograph captures the nostalgia and beauty of France's culinary traditions. Sixty thoughtful, simple, and traditionally French dishes complemented by over one hundred luscious photographs will send readers to their kitchens and maybe even to France.
Education / Early Childhood / Homeschooling
The Homegrown Preschooler: Teaching Your Kids in the Places They Live by Kathy H. Lee and Lesli Richards (Gryphon House)
With the educational foundation of an expensive boxed curriculum, The Homegrown Preschooler inspires parents to use their homes as classrooms as they take advantage of the naturally rich learning opportunities that occur in everyday home life. Parents learn how to transform their homes into learning environments that rival the best preschool classroom by finding exciting learning opportunities in everyday occurrences, from using laundry to teach sorting to exploring growth cycles in the garden. Parents can make easy use of simple-to-start ideas, advice, and activities, as well as organizational tips, recipes, and more than 200 activities that are easy to pull together. In addition, there are charts and checklists to document children’s growth, which helps ensure there are no gaps in educational, social, or physical development. Authors are Kathy H. Lee, an early childhood educator and a sought-after conference speaker on the topics of preschool education, homeschooling, and adoption and Lesli Richards, a Challenge B director for Classical Conversations, a classical education program.
The Homegrown Preschooler has two sections. The first half helps readers evaluate readers’ priorities and goals for their children and families. It also paints a picture of what life will look like as they embark on this new adventure. The authors include sections on organizing the home environment to maximize the educational impact, along with stories and helpful tips from their years of experience in early childhood education and motherhood. They even address the seasons in life and the unusual circumstances that many families face, such as adoption, pregnancy, or children who have special needs or are chronically ill.
The second half of The Homegrown Preschooler is packed with developmentally appropriate activities that give children a firm foundation for lifelong learning. Lee and Richards divide the activities into target areas of growth that are necessary for healthy and happy preschoolers to be ready for kindergarten in any setting. Using the handy weekly activity checklist, readers can choose activities from among these subjects to make sure that their preschoolers are learning across all the developmental domains: home life, science, gross motor, fine motor, math, language and emergent literacy, art, music, and social-emotional.
Because readers also need to juggle other responsibilities along with teaching, Lee and Richards include organization and housekeeping tips, recipes, and sample schedules. Additionally, they present a light and sensory table and a Plexiglas easel and include easy-to-follow plans for those who wish to build their own. Finally, Lee and Richards include a comprehensive resource list of furniture, storage, and educational supply retailers; sources for children's books and educational resources.
As straightforward as a parenting how-to book and as easily applicable as a formal curriculum, The Homegrown Preschooler inspires parents to use their homes as classrooms. Parents learn how to find exciting learning opportunities in everyday occurrences, with the easy-to-organize, simple-to-start ideas and activities in this book. Anecdotes and advice from the authors, based on their own homeschooling experiences, offer support and encouragement when it comes to setting goals, organizing materials, planning lessons, and, ultimately, juggling it all!
Education & Reference / Work, Language & Grammar
Iconic Investigations edited by Lars Elleström, Dr. Olga Fischer and Christina Ljungberg (Iconicity in Language and Literature Series, Volume 12: John Benjamins Publishing Company)
The contributions to Iconic Investigations deal with linguistic or literary aspects of language. While some studies analyze the cognitive structures of language, others pay close attention to the sounds of spoken language and the visual characteristics of written language. In addition this volume also contains studies of media types such as music and visual images that are integrated into the overall project to deepen the understanding of iconicity – the creation of meaning by way of similarity relations. Iconicity is a fundamental but relatively unexplored part of signification in language and other media types. During the last decades, the study of iconicity has emerged as a vital research area with far-reaching interdisciplinary scope.
Iconic Investigations is part of the Iconicity in Language and Literature Series, a multidisciplinary book series which aims to provide evidence for the pervasive presence of iconicity as a cognitive process in all forms of verbal communication. Iconicity, i.e. form miming meaning and/or form miming form, is an inherently interdisciplinary phenomenon, involving linguistic and textual aspects and linking them to visual and acoustic features. The focus of the series is on the discovery of iconicity in all circumstances in which language is created. The book is edited by Lars Ellestrom, Linnxus University; Olga Fischer, University of Amsterdam; and Christina Ljungberg, University of Zurich. It has 20 contributors.
According to Ellestrom in the introduction, the iconic investigations in Iconic Investigations have been arranged in a way that mirrors the distinctions between instrumental and formal signs and between different kinds of sensory instruments. The distinction between instrumental and formal signs was clearly formulated many years ago, but is nowadays largely forgotten. Instrumental signs are concrete objects and phenomena that exist in the outer world (for instance spoken or written words) and formal signs are abstract entities that exist only in the mental world and constitute our thought; instrumental signs are used for communication of ideas whereas formal signs are used for the process of thought.
Peirce's notion of ‘thought-signs’ may be said to be an equivalent to formal signs. His semiotics – which is frequently referred to in Iconic Investigations– is all about cognition, and he elaborates the cognitive side of semiosis with great care, but his discussions of concrete examples of sign types are permeated with tangible items and events that act as signs.
Part I, "Iconicity and conceptualization", contains articles that mainly focus on or explicitly acknowledge the fundamental importance of formal signs. Part II, "Visual iconicity", offers investigations of instrumental signs perceived with the faculty of vision.
Part III, "Auditory iconicity", for the most part concentrates on instrumental signs that are perceived as iconic due to their aural qualities. Needless to say, these divisions are far from waterproof.
As one might expect from a volume in the Iconicity in Language and Literature series, most of the contributions to Iconic Investigations deal with linguistic or literary aspects of language. While some studies depart from the cognitive structures generated by language use, and therefore deal primarily with formal signs, others pay close attention to the sounds of language, which means that they investigate auditory instrumental signs. Language is also studied, less frequently and primarily in literary studies, from the visual angle as an arrangement of visual instrumental signs. All three of these perspectives are necessary in order to understand the whole system of language. Therefore, it is vital to also include studies of media such as music and visual images.
Part I of Iconic Investigations, "Iconicity and conceptualization", assembles articles that concentrate on the study of formal signs. In "Iconicity by blending", Mark Turner develops ideas of `conceptual integration' or `blending'. Starting from the reasonable assumptions that the content and activities of our minds can be described in terms of `mental spaces' and that we are capable of performing `cross-space mappings', Turner argues that the ground of iconicity – similarity – is often not the given beginning point but rather a complicated product of blending.
Masako K. Hiraga and Haj Ross argue partly in terms of blending in "The Basho code: Metaphor and diagram in two haiku about silence". The authors analyze the rhetorical structure of two haiku texts by the famous 17th century Japanese poet Basho Matsuo. The formal and semantic similarities of the two poems are laid bare with the aid of the notions of metaphor and diagram – two notions that are central for iconicity research.
C. Jac Conradie's linguistic contribution, entitled "Grammar-internal mimicking and analogy", does not focus at all on visual or auditory qualities of language (instrumental signs); instead, it centers on grammatical form in a more abstract sense (formal signs). Conradie compares mimicking with the development of analogy in language and concludes that they are two largely distinct processes.
Like Conradie's contribution, Mahe Avila's article "To draw a bow: A dimension of iconicity in metaphor variation at the level of linguistic instantiation" discusses language in terms of cognition without including auditory or visual characteristics of the linguistic signs as such. Avila's specific focus is cross-linguistic comparisons and she investigates some illuminating cases of metaphor variation in Spanish and Chinese linguistic expressions.
The bodily basis of cognition and conceptualization is also a cornerstone in the last article of Part I, Lars Ellestrom's "Spatiotemporal aspects of iconicity", which investigates the interconnectedness of sign types that are triggered by cognition and sensory perception, respectively. Ellestrom's aim is to form a basis for analyzing multimodal iconicity. He concludes by analyzing some examples of multimodal iconicity, with specific emphasis on iconic connections between different spatiotemporal modes.
Part II of Iconic Investigations, "Visual iconicity", is introduced by Frederik Stjernfelt's article "From diagrams to poetry: Peircean iconicity and diagrammaticalization strategies in Klaus Hoeck’s poetry", which scrutinizes Peirce's notion of iconicity. While the analyses always keep sight of the cognitive aspects of iconicity, it is mainly the visual characteristics of the poems that prompt the diagrammatic iconicity.
The visual traits of poetry that is formed in unorthodox ways are again in focus in John J. White's contribution, which deals with `shaped poetry' from the 20th century, specifically "The iconized letter: Russian Cubo-Futurist and French Lettriste experiments". He compares experiments with the Russian alphabet made by the Cubo-Futurists, involving iconic features of individual Cyrillic letters, with the construction of shaped images by poets associated with French Lettrism.
In “The semantics of structure: Iconicity in the poetry of William Carlos Williams and E.E. Cummings”, Martin Heusser continues to explore Modernist poetry by examining the wring of two poets who treat language in highly original ways; many of their texts are visually ostentatious and recalcitrant to interpretation. While Heusser's point of departure is clearly the visual aspect of poetry and its capacity to generate iconicity, he expands his investigation of instrumental signs into the domain of linguistic form, and hence formal signs, which may or may not be grounded in the visual traits of language.
Paolo Dainotti's investigation of "Visual iconicity in Latin poetry" deals with much older literary material than the three first articles in Part II. Dainotti explores the verse of Virgil and other classical authors and finds a substantial amount of iconic traits. All in all, Dainotti's numerous examples make it clear that visual iconicity is a potent force in classical Latin poetry.
The next article, Hans Mooijer's "Shared and direct experiential iconicity in digital reading games: Interactivity's implications in Weir's Silent Conversation", brings readers back to the present day. Like classical printed poetry, Weir's 2009 reading game is clearly visual, even though its instrumental signs are displayed digitally on a computer screen, and it allows and indeed requires practical interaction of the beholder. While many kinds of visual iconicity can be discerned in the reading game, Mooijer concentrates on `experiential iconicity' and distinguishes between two variations of this kind of iconicity.
The empirical material of Alexanne Don's article "Iconicity, intermediality, and interpersonal meanings in a Social Semiotic Space" is clearly visual as well typed writing. Don investigates how written gestures or `markers' ironically and indexically represent features of the communicative situation. Her discussions demonstrate a wide field of iconic strategies including different degrees of iconicity and different kinds of objects to which the visual signs may refer.
Wendy Steiner's article "Model and icon" also directs its attention towards contemporary culture. Starting with the observation that models and modeling function as themes or representational subjects in a lot of recent art, she goes on to discuss the role of the model in a wide range of expression forms: literature, film, painting, sculpture, and conceptual art.
The last article of Part II, Nicola Dusi's "Degrees of indetermination in intersemiotic translation", comes to grips with iconicity in a different way than the previous contributions. It is based on a comparison between two conventional media types – the novel and the film – and examines the process of intersemiotic translation or adaptation. Dusi argues that while the `iconism' of the novel is implicit, it becomes explicit in the film adaptation. The audiovisual image does not have to ironically represent all that is left unstated in the novel.
Since films are not only visual but also auditory, we are now already on our way into Part III of Iconic Investigations: `Auditory iconicity". Like visual iconic signs, auditory iconic signs are clearly instrumental, as they are based on sense perception. Like Dusi, Lucio Spaziante mainly discusses films in his article "Sound, image and fake realism: Sound figures in audiovisuals". While clearly recognizing that film is `a syncretic language' that homogenously fuses configurations of content mediated both visually and aurally, Spaziante centers on iconic sound and the conventional semiotic processes linking sound to moving, visual images.
Iconic sound is also the subject of Costantino Maeder's contribution "Opera, oratorio, and iconic strategies", in which he distinguishes between three kinds of iconic sound structures in classical opera, representing both sound patterns and cognitive or emotional patterns.
Sebastiano Ferrari also examines music that is clearly constituted by symbolic and iconic auditory signs; this is commonly referred to as `text' or `lyrics' (the verbal aspects of song) and `music' (the non-verbal aspects of song and instrumental music). In the article "On some iconic strategies in concept albums within the Italian singer-songwriter tradition: Storia di un impiegato by Fabrizio De Andre and Il giorno aveva cinque teste by Roberto Roversi and Lucio Dana", Ferrari focuses on recurring iconic patterns that originate from the interplay of music, performance style, and lyrics in two concept albums.
The next contribution to Iconic Investigations moves from sounding music and language to the sounds of language. In the linguistic article "Ironically expressible meanings in Proto-Indo-European roots and their reflexes in daughter branches", Tetyana Kozlova methodically investigates a wide range of reconstructed Proto-Indo-European roots and stems with clearly iconic traits. While the objects of these iconic signs sometimes consist of sounds, they are more often fundamental properties of entities and basic discriminations: contrast and similarity, continuity and discontinuity, proximity and distance, and openness and closure.
Part III and the entire volume of Iconic Investigations concludes with another empirically informed and elaborated study of iconic sounds in language. In "The lexical iconicity hierarchy and its grammatical correlates", Kimi Akita lays the foundation of a systematic account of formal and functional aspects of sound symbolic words. His general argument is that the more iconic a word is, the less linguistically constrained it is, and, consequently, the less iconic a word is, the more linguistically constrained it is. Thomas A. Sebeok once stated that "what semiotics is finally all about is the role of mind in the creation of the world or of physical constructs out of a vast and diverse crush of sense impressions". There is no doubt that the rich results of the iconic investigations in Iconic Investigations make a significant contribution to readers’ understanding of the role of both sense impressions and mind in semiosis.
Health & Fitness / Gay & Lesbian / Politics & Social Sciences / Gender Studies
HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities by Viviane Namaste, Tamara Vukov, Nada Saghie, Robin Williamson, Jacky Vallee, M. LaFreniere, M. Leroux, Andrea Monette, and Joseph Jean-Gilles (University of Toronto Press)
HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities offers a critical analysis of the issues in public health research and education that prevent adequate attention from being paid to bisexual realities. Addressing the implications of such limited knowledge, the authors raise important questions about the weaknesses of our current response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Through interviews with a variety of bisexual men and women, HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities uncovers innovative, important directions to consider for more effective HIV prevention strategies.
First author Viviane Namaste is Concordia University Research Chair in HIV/AIDS and Sexual Health and a professor in the Simone de Beauvoir Institute at Concordia University. Authors include T.H. Vukov, Nada Saghie, Robin Williamson, Jacky Vallée, M. Lafrenière, M. Leroux, Andréa Monette, and Joseph Jean-Gilles, researchers and activists involved in a community advisory committee associated with the research for this book known as Projet Polyvalence.
Prevention education occupies an important place in any response to HIV/AIDS. Reducing the numbers of infections demands both that people understand how HIV is transmitted and that they take the necessary precautions in their behavior. This task, of course, is not an easy one. HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities considers a singular aspect of this challenge, through an examination of prevention education in Quebec.
The book focuses on one facet of HIV prevention – that directed to people who are sexually involved with both men and women. Since HIV is a virus that can be transmitted through unprotected sexual relations, what kinds of educational materials are available to people who have sexual partners of both sexes? As soon as one asks this question, one is confronted with a dilemma. Although HIV is transmitted through sexual relations, it is extraordinarily difficult to find information that is directed explicitly to people who have sexual relations with both men and women. With the notable exception of resources created as a result of this project (presented in chapter 7), a search of Canadian HIV prevention materials housed at the Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange yields no results on education for bisexuals.
This absence raises additional questions. How is it that people who are involved with both men and women have been overlooked? What can this gap tell us about our collective response to HIV/AIDS? How do decisions about HIV education get made – the message to send, the populations to reach, the places to distribute materials? Who is involved in the work of education? How do specific campaigns get funded?
HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities takes up the challenge of answering these questions. This work documents the absence of HIV education specific to bisexuals in Canada. Within Canada and Quebec, there has been no large-scale empirical study that focuses on the prevention needs of bisexual men and women. Yet the authors seek to do more than simply document an absence in education, they explain how and why people who have sexual relations with both men and women have been overlooked. It considers some of the invisible ways in which certain realities and communities have been disregarded. This analysis goes into a study of institutions, and as such examines some of the invisible workings of HIV/AIDS bureaucracy in Canada. The study reflects on the kinds of research that informs HIV/AIDS policy, as well as the types of inquiry that are ignored. It considers how policies are translated into concrete administrative procedures, and the ways in which such procedures recognize only certain kinds of communities and populations as affected by the epidemic. Finally, the project intervenes in the current situation. After speaking with everyday bisexual men and women about what kinds of education they need, there is an action component in the research – the development of educational materials that are adapted to their realities.
Reflections on knowledge – the limits of existing knowledge, the kinds of knowledge that people need to have, the challenge of producing such knowledge as popular education — demand critical analysis of the ways in which research, policy, and education intersect. The different chapters in HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities offer detailed examination of how this functions, in order to understand more clearly how people like bisexual men and women remain beyond consideration within HIV/AIDS education.
The questions posed in HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities – and some of the answers that it provides – are, in many ways, outside the box of most mainstream research, policy, and community education on HIV/AIDS. This is one of the strengths of the work: it asks about how and why HIV education has not addressed certain communities more than thirty years into an epidemic. While much of what they say is specific to the situation of bisexual men and women, the research also provides an occasion to rethink HIV prevention more generally. Indeed, if rates of HIV transmission continue to rise in the Canadian context – and epidemiological data certainly support this statement (ASPC 2006; SLITSS 2005) – then some critical reflection on the limits and blind spots of HIV education is in order. The research is to be read in this regard, then: an opportunity to learn how and why different communities have yet to be recognized in HIV education in Canada, and an occasion to act concretely on such inadequacies.
HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities is an important contribution to the social science literature on HIV/AIDS, and specifically prevention research. The authors break new ground, both theoretically and empirically, in exposing the silences in community-based HIV prevention. They are to be commended for taking their work one step further in designing prevention materials for the communities in question to respond to the qualitative data derived from their study. – Michael Orsini, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa
The research in HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities fills a gap in the scientific literature. HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities asks new questions and convinces readers of the need to develop innovative paradigms of inquiry. The authors’ epistemological and methodological assessments of the current state of HIV/AIDS education will be indispensable for community health educators, policy makers, and those who study or work in public health.
Students, teachers, and researchers coming from different traditions will surely recognize the terms of the debates presented in HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities. Epidemiologists will understand the ways in which surveillance data inform social policy in the domain of HIV prevention and services. Qualitative researchers in sociology will be interested in the conduct and results of the interviews. Those within the field of sexuality studies will find some critical reflections on how sexuality itself is conceptualized – indeed, the study offers the first large-scale empirical study of bisexual men and women within a Canadian context, and as such provides a wealth of data for those interested in thinking about sexuality. And scholars working within the tradition of participatory action research will be able to consider the ways in which the current project involves more than simple commentary on an issue, proposing some concrete strategies to intervene in the social relations we examine.
History / Americas / Military
America's Elite: US Special Forces from the American Revolution to the Present Day (General Military) by Chris McNab (Osprey Publishing)
Tonight, we give thanks to the countless intelligence and counterterrorism professionals who've worked tirelessly to achieve this outcome. The American people do not see their work, nor know their names. But tonight, they feel the satisfaction of their work and the result of their pursuit of justice. – Barack Obama, May 2011
From Roger's Rangers to the Revolution, Civil War, World War I & II, Korea, Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan, this book covers over 250 years of American Special Forces action. America's Elite takes readers through some of the most dramatic special forces operations in US history, from sniping British commanders during the Revolutionary War to Riverine incursions in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam, and from demolition missions on D-Day to the SEAL assault on Osama bin Laden's compound in 2011. Training and selection procedures are explained in detail, and America's Elite also describes some of the technologies and equipment that have separated regular soldiers from their Special Forces counterparts.
On May 2, 2011, US Navy SEAL operatives launched Operation Neptune Spear, the mission to kill Osama bin Laden at his private compound in Pakistan. The action was a powerful and prominent success, and it highlighted the formidable skills of the US Special Forces community, all of which are chronicled in this comprehensive volume charting the development of the US Special Forces, from the 18th century to the present day.
America's Elite tells the complete story of how the US Army, Navy, and Air Force has developed and used elite soldiers from the 18th century to the present day. It studies the development and history of Special Forces operatives from early sharpshooters to Marine Force Recon and the Navy SEALs.
Editor Chris McNab takes readers through some of the most dramatic Special Forces operations in US history, from the famous Cabanatuan prison raid to the Rangers' ‘Blackhawk Down’ battle in Mogadishu in 1993. McNab explains the training and selection procedures that are in place for America's elite Special Forces units.
Illustrated throughout with striking photography and artworks, America's Elite forms the most comprehensive and visually impressive single-volume guide to US Special Forces available.
History / Americas / Military / True Adventure
The League: The True Story of Average Americans on the Hunt for WWI Spies by Bill Mills (Skyhorse Publishing)
`The only thing new in the world,' Harry Truman once said, `is the history you don't know.' Thanks to Bill Mills's important and revelatory new book, now you will know the profoundly inspiring and deeply disturbing history of the American Protective League. – Alan Axelrod, author of Selling the Great War: The Making of American Propaganda and Miracle at Belleau Wood: The Birth of the Modern US Marine Corps
The League is the amazing true story of the national paranoia that turned US citizens into volunteer detectives.
Two weeks before the U.S. entered World War I,
a Chicago advertising executive visited the Department of Justice
with a proposal – organize the country’s businessmen into a secret
force of volunteer agents to ferret out and investigate enemy
activities within the United States. The country, overcome by a wave
of patriotic fervor, had also become gripped with fear and
uncertainty of the influx of immigrants from the very countries with
which the country was now at war.
The idea received quick approval and caught on like wildfire, and the American Protective League was born. Soon thousands of volunteers in every major industry, trade and profession were on the alert nationwide, maintaining surveillance and investigating cases for the Department of Justice Bureau of Investigation. They would grow to become 250,000 strong.
Written as a real-life adventure story, The League reveals how the organization began, the manner in which it operated, and the varied missions that it performed on behalf of the U.S. government. It is an extraordinary chapter in American history, when almost any citizen could receive official credentials as a volunteer investigator. From a running gun battle on the streets of Philadelphia, to the seizure of a disguised German commerce raider on the high seas, to the hunt for the radical bomber that attacked the Federal Building in Chicago, The League is a true story that will not soon be forgotten.
Author Bill Mills is perhaps the country’s leading expert on the American Protective League. A historian by hobby, he discovered the existence of the league in 2008, and after realizing it was a woefully under told story, spent the next three years researching the topic and collecting original documents, photographs and artifacts that would rival any public holding.
The League is an extraordinary and overlooked chapter in the country's history. Written as a true-life adventure, history junkies and thrill-seekers alike will be captivated by the hysteria, paranoia – and, yes, the hilarious mayhem – that The League unveils.
History / Americas / Military / Southeast Asia
Vietnam: A View from the Front Lines by Andrew Wiest (Osprey Publishing)
At that point all hell broke loose; I mean firing all over the place. I was getting ready to put a grenade into the launcher, when my hand felt like somebody slapped me on the wrist... I got a bullet right through my right wrist... Now I'm lying in a prone position when my left arm with a lot of pain, just flies backwards. A round hit me in the upper left arm and went right through the bone... A few minutes later I felt a stinging sensation in my left ankle. I got a round in my left ankle… I was hit five times... I yelled out, `I'm hit! I'm hit!' – Walter Radowenchuk
The Vietnam War ripped America apart and changed the nation's tumultuous future. In their tens of thousands, young men went off to fight in what was an initially popular war only to face defeat and acrimony as national resolve wavered and returned home to a nation that reviled them and tried to forget about them.
Written by Andrew Wiest, the bestselling author of The Boys of '67: Charlie Company's War in Vietnam, the Charles W. Moorman Distinguished Professor at the University of Southern Mississippi, Vietnam traces the American experience of Vietnam from the war's popular inception to its morale-crushing and bitter conclusion.
Vietnam features a grunt's-eye view of the conflict – from
the steaming rice paddies and swamps of the Mekong Delta, to the
triple-canopy rainforest of the Central Highlands, to the forlorn
Marine bases that dotted the DMZ. Told in uncompromising, no-holds
barred language of the soldiers themselves, the stories contained
within this book detail everything from heroism to fragging, from
helicopters hitting the LZs to rampant drug use. It is a portrait of
the American war in Vietnam through the eyes of the men and women
who fought in that far away land while a few are drawn from medics,
corpsmen, nurses and widows.
Vietnam is based on rich collections housed at the National
Archive, the Center of Military History, and at the Vietnam Archive
at Texas Tech.
World War II and the Vietnam War are perhaps the events that best define America in the twentieth century. During World War II the United States strode onto the world stage, marking the dawn of a period of world dominance not seen since the Roman Empire. One can argue, though, that it was in Vietnam that the United States came of age. The newest world power failed in a war against a tiny, third-world nation. Certainly that third-world nation had superpower backers; certainly the Americans fought with strict, self-imposed limits due in part to roiling problems on the home front. The explanations for failure, some valid and some not, are legion, but the truth remains: the United States committed itself to defending the freedom of South Vietnam, a nation that is no more.
Vietnam and its era very nearly pulled the United States to pieces. Protests ripped at the fabric of American society, pitting generation against generation, class against class, race against race. Assassins’ bullets rang out; presidents fell from power; cities burned in great blazes of societal anguish. The United States that emerged at the end was still dominant, but it had changed. Perhaps it was all part of a great national maturation process. Perhaps it signaled the beginning of the end of America’s international authority and greatness. Regardless of its perceived long-term impact on America’s future, the Vietnam War is without doubt a part of what it means to be an American today.
Did the United States enter the war for valid reasons? Could America have won the war, or was it an unwinnable exercise from the beginning? Who was to blame for the eventual American failure – the military? The media? Protestors? The South Vietnamese? How did the war affect the United States, and why does it remain a source of political angst after so many years? The historical fight for the soul of the Vietnam War remains in doubt.
It is not the purpose of Vietnam to evaluate the causes, tactics, or societal impact of the Vietnam War. Instead of contributing to the enduring historical debates that surround the conflict, this study centers on the lives of the American combat soldiers during the Vietnam War. Each soldier was a young man with his own story, torn away from the most formative time of his life to spend a year in a violent and surreal world. Truly, to understand the Vietnam War we must understand the soldiers’ lives.
Although their hair is graying, the members of
the Vietnam generation are still here. Their presence is a
historian’s dream come true. They are the living history of the war.
Oral history, interviews with the men themselves and their families
– men who often have been waiting for decades for someone to ask
them about their war – is perhaps the most efficient tool for
understanding the beating heart of warfare. Like any other
historical implement, oral history must be used with great care.
Memories dim over time and details fade. But when leavened with
corroboration from other sources, including unit histories and
after-action reports, oral histories can serve as an important
window on the past. For many, the memories of the most important
events of the Vietnam War are seared onto their minds. The moment
when they first met their bellowing drill instructor. The moment
they first killed someone. The moment when they opened the door to
learn that their husband was dead. These indelible memories allow us
to experience, at least in part, the reality of war.
Vietnam focuses on the experience of members of the US Army and Marines who served in ground combat. Even with this limitation, no collection of oral histories can pretend truly to be representative of the overall experience of the over one million Americans who served in combat slots in Vietnam in a war that lasted for eight years. Since a sample of statistically meaningful size would fill an archive, not a book, Vietnam instead uses a dual focus in an attempt to bring the soldiers’ experience of the Vietnam War to life in a meaningful way.
Wars are prosecuted in units, ranging in size from fire teams to armies. Especially at the sharp end of war, men function and live or die in groups. The military is well aware that it is not patriotism or love of the flag that makes men risk their lives in battle; it is small unit loyalty. It is devotion to one’s comrades. Combat is a story of brotherly bonds, whether bonds of boozy fellowship at base camp between missions or bonds born of battle. It is often difficult, however, for oral histories, as singular stories, to reflect the intricate bonds formed by a group of men in wartime. To best understand how it felt to lose a friend in battle, readers have to understand the depth of the shared friendship, its genesis and it’s nurturing as well as its violent end.
But Vietnam was more than 1967, the year of Charlie Company’s service. Vietnam was more than the Mekong Delta, the place of Charlie Company’s service. Vietnam was geographically and chronologically complex. If the collective testimony of Charlie Company serves to illustrate the depth of the group nature of the conflict, a second series of oral histories must stand for the war’s breadth. The Oral History Project of the Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech University represents the raw materials of history, a vast mother lode awaiting prospectors. The second group of interviews in Vietnam is taken from the collection of the Oral History Project, and investigates different places, different experiences, different forms of combat, and different relationships in an attempt to hint at the vastness of the experience that was the Vietnam War for Americans in combat.
From the testimony of combat veterans and
their families, a military historian assembles a unique oral history
of America’s most controversial war... No reader can expect to
understand America’s most vexing war through this book alone, but
none can comprehend it fully without factoring in these firsthand
accounts. A smartly composed, affecting memory album of the draftees
and volunteers whose service and sacrifice for so long went
unacknowledged. – Kirkus Reviews
Wiest has a good feel for the human side of the Vietnam War...[he] asserts that there 'was no single, generic military experience for infantrymen and Marines in Vietnam,' but he still provides a good sampling of what the war was like for American men fighting at the ground level. – Publishers Weekly
Like Karl Marlantes' groundbreaking novel 2010, Mattherhorn, Vietnam will change the way we think about Vietnam. It is a true and grippingly accurate portrait of the Vietnam War as see through the eyes of those on the ground.
History / Americas / Politics & Social Sciences / Race Relations / Sports
Southern League: A True Story of Baseball, Civil Rights, and the Deep South's Most Compelling Pennant Race by Larry Colton (Grand Central Publishing)
In Southern League, Larry Colton, author of Counting Coup, turns his attention to the most volatile year in Civil Rights history, 1964, and the incredible story of the Birmingham Barons baseball team, the first racially-integrated team of any sport in the state of Alabama.
Seventeen years after Jackie Robinson broke the color line in the major leagues, Birmingham still resisted the end of segregation, with bomb threats and terror. But even so, Birmingham's citizens, black and white, were finally going to the ballpark to watch their very first integrated sports team. Now that team's story is told for the first time in Southern League.
Johnny ‘Blue Moon’ Odom, a talented pitcher and
Tommie Reynolds, an outfielder – both young black ballplayers with
dreams of playing someday in the big leagues, along with Bert
Campaneris, a dark-skinned shortstop from Cuba, all found themselves
in this simmering cauldron of a minor league town, all playing for
Heywood Sullivan, a white former major leaguer who grew up just down
the road in Dothan, Alabama.
Bestselling and award-winning sportswriter Colton, a former pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies, in Southern League traces the entire season, writing about the extraordinary relationships among these players with Sullivan, and Colton tells their story by capturing the essence of Birmingham and its citizens during this tumultuous year. By all accounts, the racial jeers and taunts that rained down upon these Birmingham players were much worse than anything that Jackie Robinson ever endured.
More than a story about baseball, this is a true accounting of life in a different time and clearly a different place.
"They were not social activists," writes Colton. "They didn't volunteer in soup kitchens or in school programs... They just showed up and played integrated baseball."
Tracing the entire season from spring training until the following September, Colton brings to life the homeruns and squeeze plays, but more importantly the unique and extraordinary relationships between the players themselves. While the Barons were fighting right down to the last day of the season for a championship, the team battled racial tensions that accompanied everyday life in Birmingham in 1964.
Colton in Southern League traces the Barons' 1964 season, capturing the heat of Birmingham and its citizens during this tumultuous year. The chronicle times the infamous Bull Connor, who leveraged his fame as a longtime broadcaster of Baron games to launch his political career, during which he ordered the notorious local police to blast civil rights marchers with powerful water hoses. Famed Alabama head football coach Bear Bryant was a regular at the ballpark. And the flamboyant Charlie Finley, a Birmingham native, owned the Kansas City Athletics, the major league team that controlled Ike Barons.
More than a story about baseball, this is a true account of a pivotal moment in the transformation of American society. Colton takes readers on the road with the players as they stay in separate and unequal hotels. He follows a desperate pennant race down to the wire, and he gets readers to root for a courageous team owner who regularly faced threats from the KKK.
When I read Counting Coup, I was
staggered by Larry Colton's ability to persuade a group of high
school girls to share their heart's secrets, so I am not surprised
Southern League he could get a bunch of aging baseball
players to remember the hopes and fears of their minor league days.
The breadth of Colton's reporting here, placing the Birmingham
Barons' 1964 season squarely into the context of the civil rights
era, is a narrative tour de force. – Richard Ben Cramer
Those who say that sports do not, or should not, make us think about anything beyond the field itself have always been wrong. The summer of '64 and the stories found in Southern League demonstrate that once again. – Bob Costas
Larry Colton has an extraordinary gift for capturing those times when everyday, glitz and glamour-free American sports, is not merely a metaphor for our culture but becomes a mechanism for cultural change. His highest expression of that gift comes now in Southern League in which he introduces you to players nobody has yet built statues of, but who forced sea-changes in the America in which you live. – Keith Olbermann
Larry Colton's interweaving of the 1964 Southern League baseball season with the Civil Rights movement revisits a period in American history that many of us will not – and should not – forget. With Colton's retelling of players enduring racial insults on the field and threats and other indignities off the field, Southern League makes for riveting, and revealing, reading. – Bill White
This terrific rendering is highly
recommended both to baseball fans and to students of civil rights
history and African-American studies. – Library Journal
Entertaining and painstakingly crafted, Colton's account of the Birmingham Barons is a tribute to determination and courage in the face of overwhelming adversity. – Publisher's Weekly
The narrative of future major leaguers Johnny "Blue Moon" Odom, Tommie Reynolds, and Bert Campaneris playing on a minor-league team run by future and former Red Sox owner Haywood Sullivan in racially segregated and explosive Birmingham, Alabama, during the 1960s is as good a snapshot of social history as a sports book in recent years. – The Daily Beast
Riveting and revealing, Southern League is a powerful untold story about ordinary Americans who lived through an extraordinary time.
Home & Garden / Crafts and Hobbies
Scraptherapy Scraps Plus One! New Patterns to Quilt through Your Stash with Ease by Joan Ford (The Taunton Press)
The patterns in Scraptherapy Scraps Plus One! reveal how to use leftover fabrics plus one new element – a focus print, a solid background, or a new technique – to inspire a fresh array of quilting ideas.
Innovative quilt designer Joan Ford founded the ScrapTherapy® program in 2006 as a way to help quilters get organized and cope with the clutter of fabric collected over the years. Ford travels around the country lecturing and teaching quilting classes and cutting workshops. She is the owner of Hummingbird Highway in Syracuse, New York
Ford's best-selling ScrapTherapy, Cut the Scraps! was a runaway hit with quilters seeking to organize their fabric stash and use their scraps. This new book, Scraptherapy Scraps Plus One!, is the eagerly awaited follow-up – filled with fresh ideas and patterns for quilting through any stash of leftover fabric scraps.
While it is well-loved, leftover scrap fabric can start to feel familiar to quilters, so Ford reinvigorates the desire to use their collection in Scraptherapy Scraps Plus One!. Not only does she recap her sought-after, step-by-step instructions to cut and organize smaller pieces of fabric and share 20 fabulous new patterns for quilts and other accessories, she introduces how adding one new element to one’s scraps can inspire an array of quilting ideas.
This reference offers detailed, step-by-step instructions so readers can ‘get organized and get quilting!’ The 20 fabulous ‘plus-one’ patterns offer a creative quilting twist: add one new yard of fabric, one ‘fat quarter’, one new color, or pattern to their stash and use it to make scrappy quilts, totes, pillows, and more. Clear quilting instruction for piecing, stitching, binding, and finishing each quilt is included, along with solutions to common scrap-quilt problems.
Scraptherapy Scraps Plus One! provides a simple approach to using stash fabric that quilters will adore, with clear instructions for cutting-edge projects. Readers can get organized, get a whole new perspective on their scrap stash, and get quilting!
Literature and Fiction / Mysteries & Thrillers / Science Fiction
You: A Novel by Austin Grossman (Mulholland Books / Little, Brown and Company)
Here is a novel of mystery, videogames, and the
people who create them, by the bestselling author of Soon I Will
Be Invincible, which was nominated for the 2007 John Sargent Sr.
First Novel Prize, Austin Grossman, a video game design consultant.
In You it is 1998, when Russell joins Black Arts games, brainchild of two visionary designers who were once his closest friends. Black Arts is a mid-tier developer at risk of closing its doors if their next title isn't a hit.
Russell reunites with an eccentric crew of
nerds hacking the frontiers of both technology and entertainment. In
part, he's finally given up chasing the conventional path that has
always seemed just out of reach. But mostly, he needs to know what
happened to Simon, the strangest and most gifted friend he ever
lost, who died under mysterious circumstances soon after Black Arts'
Then Black Arts' revolutionary next-gen game is threatened by a mysterious software glitch, and Russell finds himself in a race to save his job, Black Arts' legacy, and the people he has grown to care about. The bug is the first clue in a mystery leading back twenty years, through real and virtual worlds, corporate boardrooms and high school computer camp, to a secret that changed a friendship and the history of gaming. The deeper Russell digs, the more dangerous the glitch appears – and soon Russell comes to realize there's much more is at stake than just one software company's bottom line.
At the center of Black Arts is WAFFLE, a brilliant game engine designed by Russell's late childhood friend Simon. When an unsquashable, game-breaking bug is discovered in WAFFLE, Russell quickly learns that it may be a deliberate feature programmed in by Simon. Or better put, there is literally a ghost in the machine.
In You, going back to the genesis of video game design, Grossman examines the motivations behind video game creation: the desperate hope to craft an ideal experience, to invent the Ultimate Game.
You draws upon Grossman's experience as a game developer in the '90s, providing a frank and often funny portrait of a maturing video game industry (the depiction of E3, a large trade conference, is particularly delightful). But You isn't just for nostalgic gamers: beneath the techno-mystery is a story about friendship imbued with heart and compassion, a soul that surfaces like a secret glitch from the depths of its code. – Kevin Nguyen
A razor-sharp comedy ... a smart meditation
on the nature of gaming. Grossman, who has designed video games,
brings experience but more importantly abundant affection to
describing this world – the welcome recognition of the one Dungeon
and Dragons enthusiast for another, the surreal happiness that comes
from mastery, the semi-ironic clinging to juvenile aesthetics. –
Some of the most startling, acute writing on video games yet essayed. – Tom Bissell, Harper's
Combines videogames, advanced technology, and suspense into one crazy page-turner. – Kansas City Star
You confirms Grossman's status as a major talent. Grossman isn't just chronicling the rise and fall of a company, or of a character, or even an industry. Rather, he uses You as a tool to prise open the mystical center of what art is, what games are, what fun is, and how they all mix together. A novel that both uplifts and entertains, and reframes the world we live in and the things we do in it. Easily one of the best books I've read this year. – Cory Doctorow, Boing Boing
A celebration of videogames and their creators. – Booklist, starred review
You is every bit as fun as you hope it's going to be, and also much more. Grossman draws you in with his clever premise, but then as you progress through the levels, you understand the complexity of the world he has built. Full of wit, ingenuity, and nostalgia – a meditation on what it means to be the hero of the game. – Charles Yu, author of How to Life Safely in a Science Fictional Universe
A brilliant, incisive, and very funny journey through the adolescence of the computer game industry, delving with wit and charm into the fascinating question of exactly whose story is being told. – Max Barry, author of Jennifer Government and Machine Man
With You, Grossman offers his most daring and most personal novel yet – a thrilling, hilarious portrait of the world of professional game makers; and the story of how learning to play can save one’s life. The book creates an intimate world with high stakes, both in reality and in virtual reality. These characters are well known, yet misunderstood now, in 2013: the original computer geeks who have since become some of the richest, most powerful, and respected creators and tastemakers in pop culture. You is the first novel to tell their story.
Politics & Social Sciences / Anthropology
Medical Anthropology and the World System, 2nd edition by Hans A. Baer, Merrill Singer and Ida Susser (Praeger Publishers)
Medical anthropology is one of the youngest and most dynamic of anthropology's various subdisciplines. Critical medical anthropology has evolved into one of the major perspectives through which faculty and students study the field. It examines health-related issues in precapitalist indigenous and state societies, capitalist societies, and post-revolutionary of socialist-oriented societies. While critical medical anthropology draws heavily on neo-Marxian, critical, and world systems theoretical perspectives, it attempts to incorporate the theoretical contributions of other systems in medical anthropology, including biocultural or medical ecology, ethnomedical approaches, cultural constructivism, poststructuralism, and postmodernism. Medical Anthropology and the World System is the first textbook to incorporate this perspective.
The first part of the book is a discussion of the central concepts in, and the development and scope of, medical anthropology, as well as the critical perspective employed. The second part explores health and the environment, as well as the social origins of specific health problems. A third part highlights the diversity of medical systems in different societies, and a fourth part argues for a merger of theory and social action.
Authors are Hans A. Baer, Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Gerontology at the University of Arkansas, Little Rock; Merrill Singer, Associate Director and Chief of Research at the Hispanic Health Council in Hartford, Connecticut; and Ida Susser, Professor of Anthropology at Hunter College, City University of New York.
According to the preface to Medical Anthropology and the World System, medical anthropology is one of the youngest and, some would even claim, the most dynamic of the various subdisciplines of anthropology. It concerns itself with a wide variety of health-related issues, including the etiology of disease, the preventive measures that humans as members of sociocultural systems have constructed or devised to prevent the onset of disease, and the curative measures that they have created in their efforts to eradicate disease or at least to mitigate its consequences. In some ways, the term ‘medical anthropology’ is a misnomer that reflects the curative rather than preventive nature of health care in modern societies. After all, anthropologists who study religious beliefs and practices generally refer to their subdiscipline as the ‘anthropology of religion’ rather than ‘religious anthropology.’ While Baer, Singer and Susser adopt the more common usage of the term ‘medical anthropology’ in Medical Anthropology and the World System, the perspective that informs their work is far from conventional.
In the United States, medical anthropology has grown in recent decades to the extent that the Society for Medical Anthropology constitutes the second largest unit of the American Anthropological Association. Baer, Singer and Susser say their perspective has been in large measure, but not exclusively, informed by critical anthropology as well as by other critical perspectives in the social sciences. Relying primarily but not exclusively upon the perspective of ‘critical medical anthropology’ (CMA), Medical Anthropology and the World System examines health-related issues in precapitalist indigenous and state societies, capitalist societies, and post-revolutionary or socialist-oriented societies. Although Medical Anthropology and the World System is designed primarily for introductory medical anthropology classes at the undergraduate level, it can be used by graduate students as a review of various topics in medical anthropology as well as by health science students and practitioners. Part I ("What Is Medical Anthropology About?") consists of two chapters that discuss central concepts in and the development and scope of medical anthropology, as well as the critical perspective that they employ. Part II ("The Social Origins of Disease and Suffering") consists of a chapter on health and the environment, in societies ranging from foragers to modern states, and several chapters that explore the social origins of specific health problems that Ida Susser and Merrill Singer have explored in their research efforts. Part III ("Medical Systems in Social Context") consists of two chapters that examine the diversity of medical systems created by people in both indigenous, archaic states and modern societies in their efforts to cope with disease. Finally, the single chapter in Part IV ("Toward an Equitable and Healthy Global System") is based upon a premise of critical medical anthropology that argues for a merger of theory and social action that serves indigenous peoples, peasants, working-class people, ethnic minorities, women, gays/lesbians, and others who find themselves in subordinate positions vis-à-vis ruling elites and transnational corporations.
Medical Anthropology and the World System is the 2nd edition of Medical Anthropology and the World System, which appeared in 1997. While numerous textbooks are now available for introductory undergraduate courses, this is the only one that draws primarily upon critical medical anthropology – a perspective that has achieved some prominence in the subfield over the course of the past twenty years or so. In some ways, this textbook is an expansion of a more theoretical book titled Critical Medical Anthropology, which drew heavily upon Singer and Baer's earlier efforts, in collaboration with numerous colleagues (including Susser), to develop a ‘critical medical anthropology’. In that critical medical anthropology (CMA) has now ‘come of age’ and has evolved into one of the major perspectives and a popular one, particularly among younger faculty members and students, Baer, Singer and Susser feel that the time is more than ripe for an undergraduate textbook from this perspective.
[S]uccessfully demonstrates a strong correlation globally between social inequality and disparities in health. – Journal of Anthropological Research
Medical Anthropology and the World System is the first textbook on medical anthropology that examines the global diversity of health systems. Baer, Singer and Susser use their anthropological respect and appreciation (indeed, their celebration) of peoples of the world to analytically critique (and, as activist scholars, to publicly oppose) beliefs, behaviors, and social structures that promote structural violence and social suffering.
Politics & Social Sciences / Anthropology / Travel / Europe
Factions, Friends and Feasts: Anthropological Perspectives on the Mediterranean by Jeremy Boissevain (Berghahn Books)
Drawing on field research in Malta, Sicily, and among Italian emigrants in Canada, Factions, Friends and Feasts explores the social influence of the Mediterranean climate and the legacy of ethnic and religious conflict from the past five decades. Case studies illustrate the complexity of daily life not only in the region but also in more remote academe, by analyzing the effects of fierce family loyalty, emigration, and the social consequences of factionalism, patronage, and the friends-of-friends networks that are widespread in the region. Several chapters discuss the social and environmental impact of mass tourism, how locals cope, and the paradoxical increase in religious pageantry and public celebrations. The discussions echo changes in the region and the related development of the author's own interests and engagement with prevailing issues through his career. Jeremy Boissevain is Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam and has also taught at the universities of Montreal, Sussex, and Amsterdam and held visiting appointments in Malta, Britain, the United States, and Poland.
As explained by Boissevain in the introduction, Factions, Friends and Feasts deals with aspects of south European society that have particularly fascinated him over the years. The chapters consist of a selection from the many essays he has written and are arranged chronologically. They echo the changes taking place in the area and the related shifts of his interests over the years. They also reflect his engagement with the prevailing theoretical interests explored by colleagues working in the same field and developments in our own society.
Factions, Friends and Feasts begins with two chapters that were inspired by Braudel's majestic The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. The first two essays examine the effect the climate and spatial boundaries have on the patterns of behavior, settlements and systems of belief in the area.
The next section, `Communities', examines social aspects in the three very different communities that Boissevain investigated between 1960 and 1965. The communities among whose inhabitants he did research were a small Maltese village and an agro-town in the Sicilian province of Agrigento as well as the Italian immigrants in Montreal, many of whom in fact had come from Agrigento.
In Chapter 3, `Factions, Parties and Politics in a Maltese Village', he explores the relation of factional village politics to the polarized national level politics and became entangled in the many competing social formations that crisscrossed the village. Chapter 4, `Poverty and Politics in a Sicilian Agro-town' is a mini monograph of a town notorious in Italy for its poverty. Here he uncovers the roots of its apparently endemic poverty in a period when the national economy of Italy was beginning to boom. In Chapter 5, `The Italians of Montreal', he explores the relations between diverse generations of Italian immigrants and their French-Canadian and English-Canadian neighbors. His research in these three communities provided answers to some of the questions he was investigating, generated a number of analytical problems and furnished an enormous fund of ethnographic material on which he has repeatedly drawn over the intervening years.
The next five chapters in Factions, Friends and Feasts in the section `Questions and Puzzles' deal with some of the specific problems that arose when analyzing his fieldwork. In the 1960s the structural-functional theoretical paradigm still dominated social anthropological analysis. Boissevain found this notion difficult to reconcile with his own experiences. There was no place for the concept that people were also instrumental in shaping their own destiny; there was no place for what has now come to be called agency. He had difficulty in finding a place in the structural-functional view of society for transient social formations like patron-client chains, friends-of-friends, factions, action groups and cliques.
Chapter 6 of Factions, Friends and Feasts, `The Place of Non-corporate Groups', which formed the basis of his inaugural lecture at the University of Amsterdam, sets out a number of difficulties he encountered within aspects of his research in Malta, Sicily and Canada. He argues that it is necessary to step outside the old models of society, to shake off the restrictive legacy of Radcliffe-Brown's social structure and accept that people have choices and can connect via networks, patronage and coalitions and so are able to reach out beyond the limits of kinship and corporation.
Chapter 7, `Towards a Sociology of Social Anthropology', is a brief excursion out of the Mediterranean area into academia in an attempt to answer the question of why the structural-functional paradigm had been able to dominate social anthropological research for so long. He argues that the paradigm's persistence – besides its convenience as a concept that guided the production of many excellent monographs – was largely a consequence of the hierarchical power structure prevailing in British and European universities that discouraged innovation. While he began thinking about this students were actually challenging this hierarchy by occupying universities in Paris, Amsterdam and London.
Chapter 8, `Beyond the Community: Social Process in Europe', discusses a series of case studies that examine some of the effects of the processes of increasing industrialization, geographical mobility and urbanization in the complex societies of Europe. They also examine less obvious processes. These include the growing centralization of power at higher integration levels, the progressive decline of small-scale, autonomous units and the increase in extensive cooperative arrangements.
Chapter 9, `Of Men and Marbles: Reconsidering Factionalism', argues that all factionalism is about change and this, the essence of factionalism, cannot be grasped until we abandon the naive belief in balanced opposition and the benign, system-maintaining function of rebellion – as opposed to change-producing revolution – and the notion that systemic change can only come from outside the system. The asymmetry of power that is present within all societies harbors the seeds of change.
Boissevain in Factions, Friends and Feasts says he has been chided about his Chapter 10, `When the Saints Go Marching Out', because the saints as such did not go marching out. He demonstrates that changes taking place in Maltese society were reducing the power of the old-style patrons – the parish priests, lawyers and landowners – and thus that the traditional system of patronage was being replaced by new social arrangements. These traditional patrons did lose power, but he left other developments – new and even more powerful saints – out of the picture. He returns later to this omission in Chapter 16.
The next section, `Ritual, Insiders and Outsiders' is a strange potpourri. When he began research into tourism during the 1970s, he initially shared the optimistic view held by the Maltese themselves concerning the impact it had on their island and he criticized the more pessimistic view of others who had seen the impact of tourism in developing non-European societies. Chapter 11, `Ritual and Tourism: Culture by the Pound?', examines the extent to which tourism was responsible for the growth of parish rituals in Malta and thus, as was proclaimed, `is destroying the meanings by which people organize their lives'. He concludes that it was not, but the relation between them is complex. In 1990 he organized a workshop at the EASA (European Association of Social Anthropology) conference in Coimbra to explore whether the escalation of public festivals that he had observed in Malta was also taking place elsewhere in Europe. It was, and Chapter 12, `Revitalizing European Rituals', discusses their findings and suggests why this escalation was occurring.
After he was pensioned in 1993, Boissevain says he began to notice and experience the dark side of mass tourism. Tourist arrivals had continued to increase, as had the efforts of the government to develop quality/cultural tourism. Chapter 13, "But We Live Here": Perspectives on Cultural Tourism', reports some findings on the disruptive impact that the annual visit of some 700,000 visitors had on the three hundred inhabitants of the minuscule walled town of Mdina. Chapter 14, `Insiders and Outsiders: Mass Tourism in Southern Europe', presents an overview of the findings and implications of much of the social and cultural research that had been done on tourism in southern Europe up to 1997. Chapter 15, `Tourists, Developers and Civil Society', describes the impact that the tourist-related building industry and property speculators are currently having on Malta's coastal environment and the attempts of the island's environmental NGOs to stop this assault. In the concluding section `Reflections', in Chapter 16, `On Predicting the Future: Second Thoughts on the Decline of Feasts and Patrons', he discusses, with the wisdom of hindsight, the problems of predicting trends, given anthropologists' methodology of a brief period of participant observation and its ahistorical orientation and his own biases and shortcomings during his fieldwork.
Jeremy Boissevain is undoubtedly amongst the most qualified and distinguished researchers of Mediterranean societies: this book chronicles an exemplary intellectual path from a methodological, theoretic and empirical standing … the author was one of the major innovators of the anthropology of Mediterranean societies. – Christian Giordano, University of Fribourg
Professor Boissevain has been among the most prominent social anthropologists since the 1960s, and this collection does justice to his vast and important research and scholarship…. Moreover, since we are able to see the development in Boissevain's thinking, we can see how the discipline has changed over the last fifty years, and how world changes as well as academic transformations have forced anthropologists to rethink their theories and methods. – Naor Ben-Yehoyada, Harvard University
…a well integrated collection covering a wide range of interrelated regional subjects …[that] is also admirable for its close attention to ethnographic details and their place and meaning in wider social, cultural, and historical contexts. – Anton Blok, University of Amsterdam
Organized chronologically, Factions, Friends and Feasts reveals the progression of his research and the growth and development in Boissevain’s thinking over his long and productive career.
Politics & Social Sciences / Criminology / Education
Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology, 9th Edition by Frank E. Hagan (Pearson Education)
Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology, 9th edition, by Frank E. Hagan, Mercyhurst University, teaches contemporary research methods using examples of real criminological and criminal justice studies to illustrate concepts and techniques. Hagan’s best-selling approach familiarizes students with examples of research in the field as they learn fundamental research skills. The text emphasizes sources and resources of classic and contemporary research in the field and helps students and professionals better understand the extensive diversity of research available and in progress in criminal justice. The logical organization carries students through the sequence of the research process, but is flexible enough to allow instructors to customize Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology to suit their courses.
The first edition of Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology was prepared in the early 1980s, when no comprehensive research text existed that directly addressed the areas of criminal justice and criminology. This 9th edition of Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology remains a comprehensive one, emphasizing sources and resources of classic and contemporary research in the field. There continues to be an acceleration of publications in the field, employing increasingly sophisticated and esoteric research designs and statistical analysis. The intent of the ninth edition remains the same as the first eight: to reduce the gap that exists between the types of materials appearing in professional journals and publications in the field and the ability of students and professionals to understand them. The approach is to use criminological and criminal justice studies to illustrate research methods, because it is as important to become familiar with examples of research in the field as it is to learn fundamental research skills.
This edition of Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology features revisions throughout, while retaining a vital core of material from the first eight editions. The organization of the work carries students through the sequence of the research process.
The first chapter introduces readers to the area of criminological and criminal justice research while attacking commonsense approaches to research. Chapter 1 also outlines the steps in research elaborated on in Chapters 3 through 11. Following the issue of problem formulation in the first chapter, Chapter 2 examines the important issue of research ethics. Research designs and the experimental model, the latter being a benchmark with which to compare all other research in criminal justice, are detailed in Chapter 3.
In Chapter 4, the Uniform Crime Reports and its major revisions are examined, as are the various sampling strategies used in research. Chapter 5 looks at survey research, particularly mail questionnaires and self-report studies. Chapter 6 concentrates on interviews and telephone surveys, particularly recent developments in victim surveys. Also featured are Internet surveys. Participant observation and case studies are the subject of Chapter 7. Such field studies represent some of the most fascinating literature in the field.
Chapter 8 explores the interesting world of nonreactive or unobtrusive techniques, which include criminal justice and criminological applications, involving secondary and content analysis, physical trace analysis, the use of official data, and observational strategies – all of which are useful, cost-effective means of gathering data. Alternative means of data gathering such as surveys, field studies, and unobtrusive methods often contain strengths missing in experimental research. The important issues of validity and reliability are detailed in Chapter 9; the triangulated strategies are proposed as the single most logical path by which to resolve these questions. In all of these chapters, examples of both classic and contemporary research in criminal justice and criminology are used as illustrations. In addition to providing an overview of research methods, this text also presents a review and analysis of research literature.
Chapter 10 of Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology discusses scaling and index construction and features new and expanded coverage of crime severity scales, salient factor scores, and prediction scales.
Chapter 11 discusses evaluation research and policy analysis that reflects the growing interest of the social sciences in these subjects in the past few years.
Data analysis is the subject of Chapters 12 and 13, with Chapter 12 examining data management activities such as coding, keyboard entry, and table reading and Chapter 13 providing a user's guide to statistics. The latter is intended as a quick reference guide to many of the major statistical techniques presented in the literature.
In addition to updating tables, figures, references, and examples, some principle changes have been made in this edition in response to reviewer and user suggestions. Useful Web sites have been provided in all chapters. New to this edition is discussion of Zimbardo's ‘Lucifer effect,’ controversies related to the Human Terrain System and Minerva Consortium, advice on interviewing active offenders and gaining entry to correctional facilities, Steffensmeier and Ulmer's Confessions of a Dying Thief, and discussion of the violent and property crime indexes. Also featured are Sherman's Scientific Methods Scale, visual criminology, the Scarlet M in corrections research, resolution of the Iowa ‘Monster study,’ the current status of shield laws, and telephone focus groups.
Additions to this edition include:
Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology teaches research fundamentals with a grounded, real-world approach. The style of presentation may convert many readers who may begin the course with apprehension into relatively fluent users of ‘researchese,’ a valuable and useful international language.
Politics & Social Sciences / Humanities / Social Philosophy / Reference
Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences, 2 volume set edited by Byron Kaldis (Sage Reference, Sage Publications, Inc.)
Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences is
the first of its kind in bringing together philosophy and the social
sciences. It is not only about the philosophy of the social sciences
but, going beyond that, it is also about the relationship between
philosophy and the social sciences.
The subject of this 2 volume Encyclopedia is purposefully multi- and inter-disciplinary. Knowledge boundaries are both delineated and crossed over. The goal is to convey a clear sense of how philosophy looks at the social sciences and to mark out a detailed picture of how the two are interrelated: interwoven at certain times but also differentiated and contrasted at others. The Entries cover topics of central significance but also those that are both controversial and on the cutting-edge, underlining the unique mark of this Encyclopedia: the interrelationship between philosophy and the social sciences, especially as it is found in fresh ideas and unprecedented hybrid disciplinary areas.
The Encyclopedia serves a further dual purpose: it contributes to the renewal of the philosophy of the social sciences and helps to promote novel modes of thinking about some of its classic problems.
The Editor, Byron Kaldis, is Professor of Philosophy and Director of Studies in the School of Humanities at the Hellenic Open University. He has previously held positions at universities in the United Kingdom, United States, and Greece and has recently been a visiting scholar in the departments of philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Helsinki.
The Encyclopedia brings forward the ways in which philosophical understanding throws light on the social sciences and, in particular, on their central concepts or key themes; it also explores the ways in which each of the different social-scientific subdisciplines handles such concepts and themes by exhibiting diverse responses to the philosophical analysis of its methods.
Though the theme of the relationship between philosophy and the social sciences has had its own history and received some academic treatment in the past, there are fresh developments on the current scene. Novel domains are rapidly developing in the area of social ontology and collective intentionality, with discussion of such concepts as shared action, plural subjects, and group mind. New areas of investigation are also emerging at the interface between philosophy and certain modern areas of social-scientific research spawning out of artificial intelligence and cognitive studies and their subfields, which demand a totally new and rather more complex perspective. There are also burgeoning efforts to linklogic or its subfields, such as deontic logic, with attempts at regimenting the way human (social or collective) action can be understood.
In addition, it is becoming increasingly apparent that the traditional branches of philosophy (such as philosophy of mind or philosophical psychology) and the social sciences are being linked to each other via recent developments in the area of cognition – for example, research in evolutionary psychology and genetics, primatology, and evolutionary political science, along with neuroscientific studies invading traditional social-scientific fields, has made old-fashioned, rigid divisions between the humanities and social science(s) outmoded. Furthermore, new fields in epistemology, probability theory, and confirmation (e.g., Bayesianism or formal epistemology) represent another area of osmosis between philosophy and the social sciences that has made earlier philosophy of social science rather obsolete.
At the same time, advances in social-scientific research, such as rational choice theory, statistical or stochastic models of decision making, and mathematical modeling of action or game-theoretic approaches, coupled with evolutionary biology or with computer simulation modeling, have in their turn had an impact upon philosophy itself. In this sense, a theme emerging from this Encyclopedia is that there is, at certain loci, a synergistic effect brought about by a process of two-way interaction between philosophy and the social sciences, over and above the one-way study of the social world by means of philosophy.
In this sense, the entries in these volumes also cover fields that are both controversial and on the cutting-edge, thereby showing the interrelationship between philosophy and the social sciences, especially as it is found in entirely novel niches.
In addition to its novel and multi- and interdisciplinary theme, the Encyclopedia's structure is designed so as to serve as a useful study guide supporting research and instruction at both undergraduate and graduate levels in colleges and universities world wide. To achieve this double benefit for two groups of readers, special attention has been given to two features that are particularly and constantly highlighted. Firstly, the feature of cross-referencing is particularly vital for an encyclopedia with a subject matter that combines two major academic areas, a principal one for the humanities linked with the social sciences. Secondly, because of this distinctive feature and the resultant deeply interdisciplinary nature of the whole project, a Reader's Guide is included to classify entries according to unified themes or subject areas. The inclusion of the cross-references and the Reader's Guide ensures that the encyclopedia is not simply a mirror of achieved knowledge or a catalogue of fossilized dictionary meaning but an active participant contributing to the growth of philosophical knowledge of the social world. Consequently, though the term ‘reference work’ is used, it is important to underline that this encyclopedia is not a mere ‘reference device’ containing dictionary definitions as opposed to encyclopedia entries, that is, mere definitions of the meaning of terms as opposed to encyclopedia entries containing facts known to be true descriptions of an outside reality.
An additional feature is the inclusion of entries covering central topics or core historical episodes in both (i.e., central areas of philosophy and of the social sciences), thus assisting readers with limited knowledge of one of the subject areas to gain a foothold in it by becoming familiar with some of its center points. The same is done with classic concepts in the philosophy of science – e.g., there are entries on Observation and Theory-Ladenness, on Kuhn, etc. Yet other entries, such as Objectivity or Positivism, etc., straddle all three domains: philosophy, philosophy of science, and philosophy of the social sciences. Finally, a number of entries deal exclusively with the particular ‘philosophy of’ relationships between philosophy and each of the social sciences, as in the philosophy of sociology or the philosophy of history and so forth. Thus, the unique mark of this encyclopedia as serving a neglected educational need is the interrelationship between philosophy and the social sciences and the novel niches thus produced, especially found in fresh ideas and unprecedented hybrid disciplinary areas.
In this way, the Encyclopedia serves also a further dual purpose: that of forging a path for the renewal of the philosophy of the social sciences, on the one hand, while on the other helping to establish or promote novel modes of dealing with some of the classic problems where previous attempts have become outmoded or have led to an impasse.
The philosophical searchlight has always been turned on scientific knowledge, but whereas the philosophy of physical and biological sciences is a well-covered field in terms of textbooks, especially in recent years, the philosophical exploration of the social sciences has remained relatively patchy or partitioned into subfields of social sciences without a unified and detailed treatment like the one this encyclopedia provides. It is therefore quite important that it includes entries that underline both the novelty of current directions together with the historical tracing of the evolving relationship between its two domains.
One of the most important aspects of the whole project is the comparative and contrastive exposition of certain core concepts that traditionally receive different or partially compatible or even asymmetrical treatments in philosophy as opposed to social sciences, on the one hand, as well as among the various social scientific subdisciplines, on the other. So readers will encounter an extended number of headwords in double or even triple entries, one dealing with that concept and its role in philosophy juxtaposed to the other covering that concept as it has been understood in the social sciences. In this manner, readers have a direct view of similarities and differences but also of crucial interrelationships.
The Encyclopedia follows a novel approach whereby a topic of central and perennial importance is covered jointly by more than one entry and from different angles. This is both useful and pedagogically instructive for students. The entries give readers an opportunity to explore interconnections, clarify commonalities as well as differences or comparative contrasts, discover new fields or ideas of intellectual interest, explore adjacent conceptual zones that may be found to further expand their own disciplinary domains, and also understand better their own academic areas of expertise and the historical provenance of each.
The encyclopedia runs into well over 700,000 words and contains 402 alphabetically arranged entries that range from relatively short ones of c. 1,000 words to mid-sized ones of c. 2,000 words to longer ones of over 3,000 words, and sometimes up to 5,000 words.
This Encyclopedia emphasizes the interconnectedness of learning and of knowledge in general; therefore, special care was taken to identify cross-references and further readings with an eye to such interconnectedness. This resembles a quasi-coherentist principle of encyclopedic knowledge, leading readers from one headword to another.
To guide readers to clusters of interwoven items and kindred areas, all the entries have been listed thematically in the Reader's Guide, which follows the List of Entries in the front matter. Each entry has been listed in at least one of the following seventeen subject categories:
This listing is itself a significant contribution to the dynamically developing philosophy of the social sciences, since the taxonomies presented can themselves be contestable disciplinary divisions that play a significant role.
The Encyclopedia's structure serves as a useful study guide supporting research and instruction at both undergraduate and graduate levels in colleges and universities world wide. Combining two vast and complex disciplinary areas for the first time, the encyclopedia will be of benefit to a large and diverse audience, including both undergraduate and graduate students of the humanities and of the social sciences, as well as university professors, researchers, and scholars of both fields. It will also be of benefit to readers unfamiliar with either of the encyclopedia's two domains.
This project brings together philosophers and social scientists, even as coauthors, and opens up pathways of communication by introducing them to the main elements constituting each others’ areas. In addition, thanks to the wide coverage of topics and the special selection of entries and their interconnecting lines of cross-reference accomplished in this encyclopedia, undergraduate and graduate university students as well as instructors will have the opportunity to find a wide range of information collected in a single book, rather than seeking it in many different reference works scattered in different places.
Thus the Encyclopedia underlines interdisciplinary connections between the humanities and the scientific study of the social world, for the first time providing readers coming from different disciplinary backgrounds a vista from which to survey novel aspects of the relationships between the humanities and the social sciences.
Reference / Dictionaries
Similes Dictionary, 2nd edition by Elyse Sommer (Visible Ink Press)
Prose consists of ... phrases tacked together like the sections of a prefabricated hen-house. – George Orwell
Packed with more than 16,000 imaginative, colorful phrases – from “abandoned as a used Kleenex” to “quiet as an eel swimming in oil” – the Similes Dictionary will help any politician, writer, or lover of language find the perfect simile, be it original or banal, verbose or succinct, pithy or poetic.
Author Elyse Sommer, editor, publisher, and chief critic of the online theater magazine Curtainup.com, is the author or editor of numerous titles, including Discovering Literature, The Kids’ World Almanac of Music, Metaphors Dictionary, and Strategies for Reading and Arguing About Literature.
Whether it invokes hard work or merely a hen-house, a good simile is like a good picture – it's worth a thousand words. The Similes Dictionary, Second Edition, is packed with imaginative phrases.
Similes can motivate, amuse, arouse, and provoke, and the Similes Dictionary offers an abundance of sayings "bright as a blade of sunlight" (Alice Walker). Packed with more than 16,000 imaginative, colorful phrases, this comprehensive reference will help anyone and everyone find the perfect simile.
Citing more than 2,000 sources – from the Bible, Socrates, Shakespeare, Mark Twain, and H. L. Mencken to popular movies, music, and television shows the Similes Dictionary covers hundreds of subjects broken into thematic categories that include topics such as virtue, anger, age, ambition, importance, and youth, helping readers find the fitting phrase quickly and easily – and "as accurate as a hole in one."
Words are power, and powerful words make for powerful statements. The Similes Dictionary is a power tool for politicians, writers, speakers, students, teachers, lawyers, and anyone interested in the descriptive use of language. No longer will anyone suffer from expressing thoughts as "dry as the Congressional Record" (James J. Montague) or "as tedious as a twice-told tale" (Shakespeare) because of repetition. The Similes Dictionary offers inspiration for the writer, help for the quotation seeker, and hours of fun for the browser and lover of language.
Perfect for setting the atmosphere, making a point, and or helping spin a tale with economy, intelligence, and ingenuity, the similes found in the Similes Dictionary, where pithy and poetic sayings are “as plentiful as blackberries” (Shakespeare) and quotes are “as useful as a Swiss army knife” (anonymous), will inspire anyone.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity
Holy War in the Bible: Christian Morality and an Old Testament Problem edited by Heath A. Thomas, Jeremy Evans and Paul Copan (IVP Academic)
The challenge of a seemingly genocidal God who commands ruthless warfare has bewildered Bible readers for generations. The theme of divine war is not limited to the Old Testament historical books, however. It is also prevalent in the prophets and wisdom literature as well. Still it doesn’t stop. The New Testament book of Revelation, too, is full of such imagery. Our questions multiply.
These controversial yet theologically vital issues call for thorough interpretation, especially given a long history of misinterpretation and misappropriation of these texts. Editors Heath A. Thomas, Jeremy Evans and Paul Copan respond to these questions and more in Holy War in the Bible, an interdisciplinary study that advances the scholarly discussion by moving beyond traditional biblical studies of holy war. Thomas is assistant professor of Old Testament and Hebrew at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina; Jeremy Evans is associate professor of philosophy also at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary; and Paul Copan is Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University.
Holy War in the Bible is designed as a kind of ‘reader,’ a resource that enables discussion and deliberation from a number of different perspectives: biblical, ethical, philosophical and theological. A range of expert contributors engage in a multidisciplinary approach that considers the issue from a variety of perspectives: biblical, ethical, philosophical and theological. While the writers recognize that such a difficult and delicate topic cannot be resolved in a simplistic manner, the different threads of Holy War in the Bible weave together a tapestry.
Ultimately readers find in the overarching biblical narrative a picture of divine redemption that shows the place of divine war in the salvific movement of God. If willing to delve into one of the most bewildering pictures of God Scripture presents, readers will be treated to a panoply of insights from the most current scholarship in a variety of fields. For instance:
In the end, while the editors of Holy War in the Bible do not presume to provide the final word on the problems of war and violence in the Bible, they do map out a positive paradigm highlighting the philosophical/ethical and theological/biblical considerations that should guide future investigations in their hermeneutically helpful afterword.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Psychology
Believing by Eugene Kennedy (Orbis Books)
This candid exploration of belief transcends arguments between atheists and people of faith to show that it is our nature to believe and that the key to understanding our reason for being is not what we believe about but believe in. Eugene Kennedy, a renowned psychologist and person of faith, demonstrates that sincere seeking and believing are one, and that authentic faith comes from getting at the truth of what we believe in ourselves. He applies these principles to his own life and that of others, and shares his Christian beliefs in words that make sense for seekers of all faiths and none. The result is a grounded, original formulation of religious faith for those who doubt and those who want to better understand their own spiritual tradition. Readers finish Believing with a sense of assurance, understanding, and desire to keep on learning.
Kennedy, a former Maryknoll priest in good standing and a long-time observer of the Roman Catholic Church, is an American psychologist, bestselling author, columnist, and professor emeritus of Loyola University Chicago.
Believing is a book of commonplace thoughts, about what, whom, and, at times, whether we believe at all. Believing is a traditional concern for anybody interested in religion or in life; indeed, believing is a profoundly human characteristic, a note by which men and women are defined and distinguished from other species. According to Kennedy, we do not have a choice about believing any more than we do about breathing, and each is equally important for survival. What and how we believe prompt other questions that, as we know from history and psychology, we continue to answer in a wide variety of ways.
Kennedy says that believing is a problem for the theologian on a theoretical level, but it is a practical one for all on an everyday level. During the course of some research on American priests, which he was involved in many years ago, he became aware of how hard it is for most people to speak clearly about what they believe in. We may recite the articles of the creed, but do they sum up or express the mystery of belief? Are these the texts we must affirm to be members of a religious group, the codes, as it were, through which we gain entrance to the religious group? Does our assent to them fulfill requirements, or do they allow us to discover or express deep personal longings or understandings of our transcendent experiences?
These challenges – everyday ones rather than mystical flights – are largely a function of the symbolism and language of believing. It may be that we are so estranged from a religious language that speaks effectively to and of our experience that we resemble strangers in a foreign land – limited in our capacity to express our faith not because of a failure to believe, but because we lack the language in which to do it effectively. To explore the nature and function of believing in the personality and to find the words and signs that enable men and women to sense and sing of the richness of their need and power to believe is perhaps the dominant religious challenge of the age.
Believing is essentially two parts. In the first half, Kennedy reflects on the nature of believing in the lives of men and women. Although he reviews the literature of psychological research in preparation for this task, he places the fruits of this search into the context of the convictions about the need to believe.
Modern times are filled with the snap-fingered dismissal of God that goes with atheism. Yet the God they dismiss – a brooding and demonic figure giving people life and piling it carelessly with loss and pain – is not the God of the great religions. Still, it is normal for people to test their belief systems rather than to accept them. Examining our faith, asking questions rather than thinking we have all the answers, is a necessary stage in the maturation of our faith.
Everybody, including the atheist, believes in some framework or explanatory system, some philosophy or scheme of purpose. People are often reluctant to examine their belief systems too closely for fear that they will find too many inconsistencies or that they may find that they no longer really believe the things they were taught, and then what would they do? Does belief become talismanic, on the edge of superstition, but something we are so accustomed to that we hold on even if its rewards are less robust than they once were? In the second half of Believing, Kennedy examines this bridge to see if it will bear our weight and where it may really lead. We cannot cross that bridge off our itinerary as it leads to religious maturity. The challenge at this stage may be to let older formulations drop away and to seek a new and higher level integration of our beliefs with our life experiences.
Such an examination is necessary because, as in anything else of importance in life, we cannot believe just because someone else tells us to, and we cannot let somebody else, even if he is the pope, believe for us. As we must love from our own hearts and speak words that are our own, we must believe for ourselves. The outcome of such a search need not be frightening; in fact, it is essential if our faith is to remain fresh and to grow. To keep matching our experiences and our beliefs with each other, in order to draw them more closely together so that we may achieve the wholeness that living faith does provide, is an essential and indispensable religious action.
In order to carry this out, we need the assistance of organized religion; we need a church sensitive to the human struggle to believe that speaks not only the truths of faith to us, but that joins with us as we seek to express our faith. One of the purposes of Believing is to reinforce the importance of the institutional church and to discuss its opportunities positively rather than to criticize it for its failings. The perennial challenge to organized religion is to sift through the ordinary events of our lives and to make them transparent to transcendence for us.
Kennedy in Believing finds that the belief needs of men and women run painfully deep and that the church must not retreat into a comforting past, but rather proceed into the future seeking a better understanding of what it believes so that it can provide the sacramental environment and the human community in which faith can come vigorously to life for believers.
In an age questioning the future of faith and creeds, Eugene Kennedy's Believing, like a lighthouse beacon in a storm, guides the reader to a mature understanding of faith's enduring power to reveal what really matters. – Donald Cozzens, author, Notes from the Underground
What does it mean to have an adult Christian faith that is not just believing a list of truths, but a living and changing commitment, doubting and creating, comforting and challenging, falling and rising, which strives to transform and integrate our entire existence as believing human beings? For the answer, read Kennedy's extraordinary book. – Charles Curran, author, Loyal Dissent
A wise and provocative analysis, [Believing] cannot be read in a hurry. ... The reader will be rewarded with a wider vision and a better understanding of the heart of Christian life. – The Living Church
Believing provides a sense of direction for those who are concerned with the meaning of life and with lighting the path teeming with men and women questing, like Arthurian knights, for the Grail of belief. It is a beginning, one that will help readers look at and understand their own beliefs more fully.
Religion & Spirituality / Christianity / Reference
The Christian Homemaker's Handbook edited by Pat Ennis, Dorothy Kelley Patterson, with a foreword by W. Mark Lanier (Crossway)
The Christian Homemaker's Handbook is a one-stop reference tool giving readers tips and training on everything from meal planning to interior decorating, biblical womanhood to budgeting, so that they can become holistic homemakers. It features practical teaching from Scripture, instructions for do-it-yourself projects, application questions, helpful resources, and a comprehensive index.
With nearly 30 years of college-level home economics instruction, and a commitment to biblical womanhood, the editors of The Christian Homemaker's Handbook have compiled the comprehensive manual for today’s woman and her home. Editors are Pat Ennis, distinguished professor and director of homemaking programs at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary and Dorothy Kelley Patterson, professor of theology in women’s studies at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, where her husband, Paige Patterson, is the president.
Why would a woman want to read a book on being a homemaker? After almost half a century of marriage with opportunities to minister to women along the way, here are the editors’ goals for The Christian Homemaker's Handbook:
Christian homemaking begins with God's design for the home as discussed in Genesis – that is, the creation order. God's principle for marriage as given at creation (Gen. 2:24) and then repeated three times in the New Testament (Matt. 19:4-6; Mark 10:5-9; Eph. 5:31) gives the foundation for a monogamous and permanent union. The paradigm for a homemaker as described in Proverbs 31 will be a pattern to study and embrace. The importance of the extended family is clearly established.
According to The Christian Homemaker's Handbook, the sanctity of life cannot be separated from the family. The value of a child as well as the discussion of troubling issues faced by women who are making choices concerning birth control and family planning come to the forefront in part 2. The responsibilities of mothers and fathers and even the family's value and care for aging saints and the special needs of the physically and mentally challenged are tough topics that demand wise instruction and careful planning within the family circle. Adoption is also very much a part of any discussion of parenting. Biblical principles on parenting address baby care, preschool education, childhood oversight, adolescent supervision, and young adult influence. Part 3 culminates with a chapter on the building of faith through family worship.
Once the foundations are laid in the first three parts, attention moves to the practical aspects of establishing a household whether in the United States or overseas. Life-management skills and routines for managing a household as well as addressing technology within the home offer new opportunities for more efficiency and broader horizons. Chapters about establishing a home-based business as well as consumer and financial considerations address money, budgets, and the importance of family resources. Interior design, as well as the selection of furnishings and accessories, is important for the comfort of the family and for the silent witness the home offers to the outside world. The importance of hospitality, woven throughout The Christian Homemaker's Handbook, includes how to implement a welcoming spirit and gracious manner into the home.
The last two parts are even more specifically addressed to household functions largely ignored in the modern era. Part 5 begins with nutrition and food sanitation, which are essential to family health and meal planning and preparation. The organization of the kitchen and acquisition of equipment is included. Family mealtime and ideas for holiday celebrations provide a springboard for using the kitchen as a ministry.
Part 6 encompasses the making of wise clothing decisions, beginning with the ways ones’ clothes frame their life message as well as their body, and underscores the importance of modesty. A basic understanding of textiles and principles of design lead into clothing selection and care.
The final parts of The Christian Homemaker's Handbook, in addition to specialized and technical information, provide simple and clear instructions on what every homemaker needs to know in order to feed and clothe her family. The emphasis is not on becoming a chef or seamstress but rather on the importance of knowing enough about these subjects to manage the household. The user-friendly indexing and straight-forward presentation of facts enables a novice to work her way through the maze of technical information.
The number one question Christian women are asking today is, ‘where are the older women?’ Singles, wives, and moms want to know God’s plan for them and are looking for help with how to live it out. Here, in one priceless volume, is instruction from the Bible and practical guidance from women who know how to make God’s teachings a daily reality. From time and life management skills, to building better relationships and much more, every chapter points women toward honoring and pleasing God while blessing others. – Elizabeth George, Jim & Elizabeth George Ministries
Characterized by distinctive, if not countercultural, ideas for our 21st century world, readers will discover in this new resource a most interesting collection of thoughtful essays on the important subjects of home and hospitality, as well as spiritual and personal health. The contributions found in this volume will be helpful for individuals, groups, and churches. This Handbook will be one that many will want to keep on hand. – David and Lanese Dockery, President and First Lady, Union University
Being a wife and mother are some of the greatest and highest forms of Christian servant hood. In this book, a variety of authors help show, in a very positive way, God's grand design. Without casting aspersions upon anyone who chooses to work outside the home, these authors also point to the fact that many women are rediscovering powerful fulfillment by discovering anew God's design for the home. Many women choose to be a part of that group called Christian homemakers. There is no more challenging task. There is no more draining vocation. There is no more important task in all the world. Listen carefully to these wonderful authors and their well thought out words of advice, counsel, and instruction. – Frank S. Page, President & CEO, Executive Committee of the Southern Baptist Convention
One of the great scandals of the last several decades has been the popular scorn heaped on the home economy, and particularly the homemaker. All the same, even in 2013 and after fifty years of feminist complaints, half of all economic activity in America still occurs in homes – and the most important half by far. In The Christian Homemaker's Handbook, Pat Ennis and Dorothy Patterson provide a lively, cogent, and practical guide for women seeking to understand and fulfill their ‘God-assigned priorities.’ The authors correctly affirm that God’s design for the home, as laid out in Genesis, has not changed and that young women will find the fullest meaning and the greatest happiness in their bonds to husbands and children and in their commitments to home-building. The book also properly emphasizes the importance of hospitality, a welcoming spirit, and a gracious heart to the vital Christian home. – Allan C. Carlson, President, The Howard Center for Family, Religion, & Society; Founder and International Secretary, the World Congress of Families; Distinguished Visiting Professor of History, Hillsdale College
The Christian Homemaker's Handbook is a helpful and practical guide for women committed to being Christian homemakers.
Sports & Outdoors / Boating
Suddenly Overboard: True Stories of Sailors in Fatal Trouble by Tom Lochhaas (McGraw Hill Education – International Marine/Ragged Mountain)
Suddenly Overboard tells stories about sailors who
experienced catastrophes when least expecting them and who were
rescued, or who died, or who lived to tell the tale simply by good
Readers are asked to consider the facts:
These true-life stories are told in compelling, short narratives, with an insider’s analysis of what contributed to the accidents so readers know what not to do or what to look out for when they are on the water. Readers learn important topics such as decision making under stress and the role of emotions in accident survival. Suddenly Overboard also includes an exclusive interview with Gary Jobson, president of US Sailing.
Author Tom Lochhaas, former editor of Treacherous Waters and Intrepid Voyagers, sailing writer for the Internet information site About.com, is an avid sailor with more than 30 years of experience in sailboats of all sizes, experienced in coastal cruising as well as club round-the-buoy racing and offshore voyaging.
Readers are encouraged to think "if these are the ways most sailors actually die, then what if I were in that situation?" In reality, every sailor is in one of these deadly situations every time he or she is on the water. The final chapters of the book, continuing the narratives, focus therefore on developing a new way of thinking about seamanship: always being prepared for ‘what-if’ situations. Suddenly Overboard features:
Using stories from the U.S. Coast Guard and similar agencies in Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and elsewhere, Lochhaas exposes the mundane yet fatal mistakes sailors make every day.
Reading Suddenly Overboard will help readers recognize and avoid unseen dangers and return to dry land safely. This may be the most important book travelers read before they set sail, and it is presented in a readable manner.
HIV Prevention and Bisexual Realities by Viviane Namaste, Tamara Vukov, Nada Saghie, Robin Williamson, Jacky Vallee, M. LaFreniere, M. Leroux, Andrea Monette, and Joseph Jean-Gilles (University of Toronto Press)